For democracy to survive, it is imperative that the average : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# For democracy to survive, it is imperative that the average

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Manager
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For democracy to survive, it is imperative that the average [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2005, 20:06
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11. For democracy to survive, it is imperative that the average citizen be able to develop informed opinions about important policy issues. In today's society, this means that citizens must be able to develop informed opinions on many scientific subjects, from ecosystems to defense system. Yet, as scientific knowledge advances, the average citizen is increasingly unable to absorb enough information to develop informed opinions on many important issues.

Of the following, which one follows logically from the passage?

(A) Scientists have a duty to educate the public.

(B) The survival of democracy is threatened by the advance of scientific knowledge.

(C) Every citizen has a duty to and can become scientifically literate.

(D) The most effective democracy is one that is the most scientifically unsophisticated.

(E) Democracy will survive if there are at least some citizens who are capable of developing informed opinions on important scientific issues.

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Director
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09 Apr 2005, 20:56
E

The argument in brief: Average citizen should be able to absorb informaion on scientific advancements to make informed opinions - this is required for democracy

All options except E are too categorical
Manager
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10 Apr 2005, 07:55
B for me as well.

Argument as I read it: Scientific advancement threatens democracy as the average citizen is increasingly unable to develop informed opinions. Without informed opinions, democracy cannot survive.
VP
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10 Apr 2005, 09:53
I think it is "B"

Fact: Knowledgeble AVG citizen (X) is a reqd condition for democracy survival (Y) ----> if no X -----> no Y....(1)
Fact: X can't follow Adv science (Z), which is a MUST in today's society

So that means if Z (scientific advancement) ----> no X (i.e no knowledgeble citizen)....(2)

From 1,2

if Z ---> no Y....that's what "B" is saying
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10 Apr 2005, 21:11
Author argues that average citiznes must be able to make informed opinions on scientific subjects in order for democracy to survive.

Of the following, which one follows logically from the passage?

(A) Scientists have a duty to educate the public.
- Cannot be inferred from the passage

(B) The survival of democracy is threatened by the advance of scientific knowledge.
- Best concluded from the argument.

(C) Every citizen has a duty to and can become scientifically literate.
- Not sure if they can become scinetifically literate

(D) The most effective democracy is one that is the most scientifically unsophisticated.
- Not concerned with effectiveness

(E) Democracy will survive if there are at least some citizens who are capable of developing informed opinions on important scientific issues.
- 'Some citizens' might not be sufficient. The passage seesm to suggest all citizens must be capable of developign informed opinions.

B it is.
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11 Apr 2005, 06:32
B it is.
I don't want to repeat explanation to avoid confusion and redundancy...
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11 Apr 2005, 08:31
any OA for this question ?
Manager
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11 Apr 2005, 08:39
OA is B. Great show guys.

Even i chose E. Didn't understand why B is the answer till i read your explationations. Thank you.
Manager
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11 Apr 2005, 12:22
harshi wrote:
OA is B. Great show guys.

Even i chose E. Didn't understand why B is the answer till i read your explationations. Thank you.

Harshi, good question. is this one from LAST? what is the source of this qustion.
11 Apr 2005, 12:22
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