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For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defi

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For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defi [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2009, 22:30
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For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defined to be the product of all the even integers from 2 to n, inclusive. If p is the smallest prime factor of h(100) +1, then p is?

A. between 2 and 20
B. between 10 and 20
C. between 20 and 30
D. between 30 and 40
E. greater than 40

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-is-126691.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Nov 2013, 14:03, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2009, 00:31
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For every positive integer n, the function h(n) is defined to be the product of all the even integers from 2 to n, inclusive. If p is the smallest prime factor of h(100) + 1, then p is:
1) between 2 and 10
2) between 10 and 20
3) between 20 and 30
4) between 30 and 40
5) greater than 40



Good question!

SOL:
Lets consider h(100):
=> 2*4*6*8.........*98*100
=> (2*1) * (2 * 2) * (2 * 3) * (2 * 4)............ * (2 * 49) * (2 * 50)
=> (2^50) * (1*2*3*4........*49*50)
=> h(100) = (2^50) * (50!)

We can thus conclude that h(100) is divisible by every number from 1 to 50. Thus all the prime numbers between 1 and 50 are prime factors of h(100).

But when 1 is added [h(100) + 1] is no more divisible by any of these prime numbers. Thus the smallest prime factor of [h(100) + 1] would have to be a number greater than 50.

ANS: E
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2009, 02:03
found this somewhere , but not sure how far this is true, n!+1 cannot be divisible by any number less than or equal to n , may be helpful..
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2009, 05:49
crejoc wrote:
found this somewhere , but not sure how far this is true, n!+1 cannot be divisible by any number less than or equal to n , may be helpful..



Is it true? Coz if it is.. I will be nothing less than happy! Do you remember where you got this from? What is the source?
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2009, 09:38
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bhanushalinikhil wrote:
crejoc wrote:
found this somewhere , but not sure how far this is true, n!+1 cannot be divisible by any number less than or equal to n , may be helpful..



Is it true? Coz if it is.. I will be nothing less than happy! Do you remember where you got this from? What is the source?



Oh yes, it IS true! Isn't it the same property we have used in the explanation above!

If you write down a few numbers on paper, the property becomes quite simple to understand and remember.....

Take 420 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 * 7
Lets take some of the factors of 420 => 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10

420 is divisible by all the nos above. But if I add 1 to 420, the new number 421 is not divisible by any of the nos above or any of the actors of 420. REASON?
If 420 is divisible by 2, then what is the next smallest number divisible by 2? - Its 420 + 2

|||ly,
If 420 is divisible by 3, then the next smallest number divisible by 3 is 420 + 3
If 420 is divisible by 4, then the next smallest number divisible by 4 is 420 + 4

=> 420 + 1 will not be divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, etc.

Now lets consider n!,
n! is divisible by all the number from 1 to n inclusive. Thus n! + 1 will not be divisible by any of the factors of n, which includes the numbers from 1 to n inclusive!!

Hope this helps....
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2009, 10:26
It is one of the properties of integers

if x is devsiable by y and y is a prime factor , x+1 is not and (x+1) least prime factors is > that of x

try it

8 = 2^3, (8+1) = 9 is not devisibale by 2

20 = 5*2^2 , (20+1) = 21 = 7*3

33 = 3*11 , (33+1) = 34 is not devisi by 3 and 11

hope this helps
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2009, 21:01
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samrus98 wrote:
bhanushalinikhil wrote:
crejoc wrote:
found this somewhere , but not sure how far this is true, n!+1 cannot be divisible by any number less than or equal to n , may be helpful..



Is it true? Coz if it is.. I will be nothing less than happy! Do you remember where you got this from? What is the source?



Oh yes, it IS true! Isn't it the same property we have used in the explanation above!

If you write down a few numbers on paper, the property becomes quite simple to understand and remember.....

Take 420 = 2^2 * 3 * 5 * 7
Lets take some of the factors of 420 => 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10

420 is divisible by all the nos above. But if I add 1 to 420, the new number 421 is not divisible by any of the nos above or any of the actors of 420. REASON?
If 420 is divisible by 2, then what is the next smallest number divisible by 2? - Its 420 + 2

|||ly,
If 420 is divisible by 3, then the next smallest number divisible by 3 is 420 + 3
If 420 is divisible by 4, then the next smallest number divisible by 4 is 420 + 4

=> 420 + 1 will not be divisible by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, etc.

Now lets consider n!,
n! is divisible by all the number from 1 to n inclusive. Thus n! + 1 will not be divisible by any of the factors of n, which includes the numbers from 1 to n inclusive!!

Hope this helps....


Great thing, samrus98!
I have tried on like 10 different numbers and it worked on all of them. That convincing enough for me. However, I would say, that I have read several of your posts and man, you know loads of properties that I don't even know exist. Like that of "Square of any odd number will always have a remainder of 1, when divided by 8". I mean where do you get all that from? Whats the secret, mate?! ;)
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Re: P is.... [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2013, 10:03
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Re: For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defi [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2013, 14:06
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For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defined to be the product of all the even integers from 2 to n, inclusive. If p is the smallest prime factor of h(100) +1, then p is?
A. between 2 and 20
B. between 10 and 20
C. between 20 and 30
D. between 30 and 40
E. greater than 40

h(100)+1=2*4*6*...*100+1=2^{50}*(1*2*3*..*50)+1=2^{50}*50!+1

Now, two numbers h(100)=2^{50}*50! and h(100)+1=2^{50}*50!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

As h(100)=2^{50}*50! has all prime numbers from 1 to 50 as its factors, according to above h(100)+1=2^{50}*50!+1 won't have ANY prime factor from 1 to 50. Hence p (>1), the smallest prime factor of h(100)+1 will be more than 50.

Answer: E.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-is-126691.html
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Re: For every positive even integer n, the function h(n) is defi   [#permalink] 15 Nov 2013, 14:06
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