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For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the

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For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2011, 15:40
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2x + y = 12
|y| \leq 12

For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the system above are x and y both integers?

A. 7
B. 10
C. 12
D. 13
E. 14
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Quant Rev. #152 [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2011, 16:28
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tonebeeze wrote:
152.

2x + y = 12
|y| \leq 12

For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the system above are x and y both integers?

a. 7
b. 10
c. 12
d. 13
e. 14


The solution of |y| \leq 12 is straight forward.
-12 \leq y \leq 12
(If you are not comfortable with this, check out my blog post:
http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/01/quarter-wit-quarter-wisdom-do-what-dumbledore-did/

If both x and y have to be integers, y should be an integer and hence can take any value from the set {-12, -11, -10 ... 10, 11, 12} i.e. any one of 25 values (these are 25 values -12 to -1 (12 values), 0, 1 to 12 (another 12 values)) 13 of them are even and 12 of them are odd.

2x + y = 12
Every time y is even, x will be integer. e.g. y = 12, x = 0 (because x = (12 - even)/2 will be an integer)
Every time y is odd, x will be non-integer e.g. y = 1, x = 5.5 (because x = (12 - odd)/2 will not be an integer)

Therefore, for 13 values, x and y both will be integers.
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Re: 152. Algebra Absolute value [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2011, 10:15
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Sol:
|y| <= 12
Means;
-12<=y<=12

2x + y = 12
x = (12-y)/2

x will be integers for y=even; because even-even = even and even is always divisible by 2.

We need to find out how many even integers are there between -12 and 12

((12-(-12))/2)+1 = (24/2)+1 = 12+1 = 13

Ans: "D"
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Re: 152. Algebra Absolute value [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2011, 10:19
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Baten80 wrote:
2x + y = 12
|y| <= 12

152. For how many ordered pairs (x , y) that are solutions of the system above are x and y both integers?
A. 7
B. 10
C. 12
D. 13
E. 14


Given: -12\leq{y}\leq{12} and 2x+y=12 --> y=12-2x=2(6-x)=even, (as x must be an integer). Now, there are 13 even numbers in the range from -12 to 12, inclusive each of which will give an integer value of x.

Answer: D.
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Re: 152. Algebra Absolute value [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2011, 23:00
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-12<= y <=12
gives 0<=x <=12

thus 13 values in total.
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Re: Quant Rev. #152 [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2012, 23:22
Hi Karishma

Using the number properties this indeed is very convenient to solve. I was wondering can we substitute y = 12 - 2x in the inequality and solve for the possible values of x.
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Re: Quant Rev. #152 [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2012, 20:21
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ratinarace wrote:
Hi Karishma

Using the number properties this indeed is very convenient to solve. I was wondering can we substitute y = 12 - 2x in the inequality and solve for the possible values of x.


Certainly and it is quick too.

y = 12 - 2x
Whenever x is an integer, y will be an integer. So if we can solve for integral values of x, the number of values we get will be the number of solutions.

|y| \leq 12

|12 - 2x| \leq 12

|x - 6| \leq 6

From 6, x should be at a distance less than or equal to 6. So x will lie from 0 to 12 i.e. 13 values. (Check http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/01 ... edore-did/ if this is not clear)

There are 13 solutions.
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2012, 09:36
Thanks Karishma..Wonderful explaination
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 01:50
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Responding to a pm:
Changing the sign within the mod has no impact on anything outside the mod.

|6 - x| \leq 12 is same as
|x - 6| \leq 12

Think about it: Whether you write |x| or |-x|, it is the same.
|6| = |-6|

So for every value of x,
|x - 6| = |6 - x|
So you don't need to flip the inequality sign.

|x - 6| and - |x - 6| are of course different. If you change |x - 6| to - |x - 6|, you will need to flip the inequality sign.
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2013, 00:44
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2013, 02:54
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y=12-2x=2*(6-x).
Since |y| \leq 12 , -12 \leq y \leq 12 . Substituting for y from above, -6 \leq (6-x) \leq 6.. This reduces to x \geq 0 and x \leq 12. Including 0 and 12 there are thus 13 integer solutions.
Answer is (d)
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2013, 15:34
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2x+y=12
|y|<=12

For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the system above are x and y both integers?

y=12-2x
|y|<=12
|12-2x| <= 12
12 - 2x <= 12
-2x <= 0
x>=0

-(12-2x) <= 12
-12+2x <= 12
2x <= 24
x<=12

13 solutions between 0 and 12 inclusive.
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2014, 06:41
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Re: For how many ordered pairs (x, y) that are solutions of the   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2014, 06:41
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