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For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll

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For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 09:54
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For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the following must also be true?

A. a = c
B. a^2*b=b*c^2
C. a/c = 1
D. abc > bc
E. a + b + c = 0
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Feb 2013, 14:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 14:22
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emmak wrote:
For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the following must also be true?

A. a = c
B. a^2*b=b*c^2
C. a/c = 1
D. abc > bc
E. a + b + c = 0


ab = bc --> ab-bc=0 --> b(a-c)=0--> b=0 or a=c.


A. a = c. If b=0, then this option is not necessarily true.

B. a^2*b=b*c^2 --> b(a^2-c^2)=0 --> b(a-c)(a+c)=0. Now, since b=0 or a=c, then b(a-c)(a+c) does equal to zero. So, we have that this options must be true.

C. a/c = 1. If b=0, then this option is not necessarily true.

D. abc > bc. If b=0, then this option is not true.

E. a + b + c = 0. If b=0, then this option is not necessarily true (if b=0 then a+c can take any value this option is not necessarily true.).

Answer: B.
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2013, 04:08
b(a-c)=0 => b=0 or a=c

You can see B in an easier way:
Inequalities hold when we raise them to power on both sides. so a^2= c^2. => b.a^2= b.c^2. Thus B follows right away.

I agree with other explainations by Bunuel.
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 19:47
Bunuel wrote:
emmak wrote:
For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the following must also be true?

A. a = c
B. a^2*b=b*c^2
C. a/c = 1
D. abc > bc
E. a + b + c = 0


ab = bc --> ab-bc=0 --> b(a-c)=0--> b=0 or a=c.


B. a^2*b=b*c^2 --> b(a^2-c^2)=0 --> b(a-c)(a+c)=0. Now, since b=0 or a=c, then b(a-c)(a+c) does equal to zero. So, we have that this options must be true.

Answer: B.



for answer choice B, could you also say that if a = -c it also equals zero?

Also, why do all of the possible answers equaling zero in choice B mean that B must be true?
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2013, 20:21
dhlee922 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

ab = bc --> ab-bc=0 --> b(a-c)=0--> b=0 or a=c.

B. a^2*b=b*c^2 --> b(a^2-c^2)=0 --> b(a-c)(a+c)=0. Now, since b=0 or a=c, then b(a-c)(a+c) does equal to zero. So, we have that this options must be true.

Answer: B.


for answer choice B, could you also say that if a = -c it also equals zero?


The point here is that analyzing the initial equation ab = bc, we know that either b = 0 or a = c.
Plugging in either of these values results in b(a-c)(a+c) being equal to zero.
I think you're confusion comes from extracting "a = -c" from "b(a-c)(a+c) = 0" as opposed to extracting information from the original equation ab = bc (which is what we need to do).

dhlee922 wrote:
Also, why do all of the possible answers equaling zero in choice B mean that B must be true?


Continuing from above:
So recall that from the first equation, b = 0 or a = c.
The expanded term b(a-c)(a+c) is an alternate expression for the second option; i.e, the fact that both of the possible necessary truths (b = 0; a = c) lead to b(a-c)(a+c) = 0 means that the equivalent expression, a^2 * b = b * c^2 must also be true.

I hope that's clear!
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 14:29
i'm still a little confused by the answer choices.

is it because the question stem equates to B=0 OR A=C

so for answer choice A, A doesnt have to equal C because the B equaling 0 will just make the whole expression 0

but then for answer choice B, since B=0 OR A=C, since 1 or the 3 groups in parentheses will be 0, it will make the whole expression 0, therefore B must be true?
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 14:34
dhlee922 wrote:
i'm still a little confused by the answer choices.

is it because the question stem equates to B=0 OR A=C

so for answer choice A, A doesnt have to equal C because the B equaling 0 will just make the whole expression 0

but then for answer choice B, since B=0 OR A=C, since 1 or the 3 groups in parentheses will be 0, it will make the whole expression 0, therefore B must be true?



Yes, exactly. We know that or b=0 or a-c=0 ( or both) .

We can rewrite B as b(a-c)(a+c), and since at least one of the terms is 0, the whole expression is 0.
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 14:38
Expert's post
dhlee922 wrote:
i'm still a little confused by the answer choices.

is it because the question stem equates to B=0 OR A=C

so for answer choice A, A doesnt have to equal C because the B equaling 0 will just make the whole expression 0

but then for answer choice B, since B=0 OR A=C, since 1 or the 3 groups in parentheses will be 0, it will make the whole expression 0, therefore B must be true?


Yes, for A, if b=0, then a may or may not equal to c.

As for B, since b=0 or a=c (a-c=0), then b(a-c)(a+c)=0 must be true, since either the first or the second multiple (or both) is 0.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 14:49
yes, thank you everyone for your replies! geez, i find this one to be pretty tricky, but it's only 600-700 level, ugh
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2014, 05:53
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Re: For integers a, b, and c, if ab = bc, then which of the foll   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2014, 05:53
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