For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has

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For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 06:43
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1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated
C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by dentobizz on 28 Dec 2014, 06:31, edited 2 times in total.
edited the title
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 07:14
This tough. A and E are the contenders according to me. Not very clear to what "that" refers to. I will simply go with the rule that "that" modifies what ever is closer to it. In this case A would be correct.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 07:25
A is the best.

E has a subject-verb agreement problem.
"the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have .."

Progress here in singular and should have the singular verb "has" as shown in A.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 11:01
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ndidi204 wrote:
A is the best.

E has a subject-verb agreement problem.
"the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have .."

Progress here in singular and should have the singular verb "has" as shown in A.

Can you explain how "progress" can possibly decimate? May be devastation and enslavement "have" decimated?
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 11:27
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marine wrote:
1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify <<devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.>>

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated
C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Marine, can you tell us the source of this SC?

IMO, the best answer is E.

1. Devastation and enslavement is a compound subject...and needs "have" to agree with it.
2. Also, E resolves the issue of what "that" refers to with the plural verb have.

Sincerely
Praet
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 11:56
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Well this sentence is as ambiguous as it can get.
From the meaning point of view E looks the best as progress cannot be desimated ( it sounds awkward )
The sentence would be very clear if it had following construction

For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify in the name of progress the devastation and the enslavement that have decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

or

For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify in the name of progress the devastation and the enslavement that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

It is hard to say whether "devastation and enslavement " is singular or
plural. It depends on how it is used. Both are acceptable. For this reason I stick to A.

Let us hear the OA.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 12:06
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Another vote for A

E is out because the devastation and enslavement is singular.
"The X and Y" is singular, whereas "the X and the Y" is plural.

For example,
The CEO and chairman is in the office today.
Means: one person holding both the positions. Thus, this sentence warrents singular verb.

On the other hand,
The CEO and the chairman are in the office today.
Means: there are two people in the office. Therefore, this sentence
warrents plural verb.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 12:54
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Another vote for A

E is out because the devastation and enslavement is singular.
"The X and Y" is singular, whereas "the X and the Y" is plural.
For example,
The CEO and chairman is in the office today.
Means: one person holding both the positions. Thus, this sentence warrents singular verb.

On the other hand,
The CEO and the chairman are in the office today.
Means: there are two people in the office. Therefore, this sentence
warrents plural verb.

CEO and Chairman Interesting title.

I have questions.

1. Is Devastation and Enslavement .. the same?
2. In A, what does that refer to? Progress? or Anything else?

Regards
Praet
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 13:13
Well more I look into it more things come out.

Christopher Columbus has come to personify + object

I believe the corrected construction that I mentioned could be wrong because the above pice of the stem is a clause and nothing should be present in between the verb and the direct object.

The object I am talking about is basically a noun/collective noun/compound noun. In any case it should be refered to as a single entity ( singular )

I am not sure what "that" refers to here.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2004, 13:32
Praetorian wrote:

CEO and Chairman Interesting title.

I have questions.

1. Is Devastation and Enslavement .. the same?
2. In A, what does that refer to? Progress? or Anything else?

Regards
Praet

Good Rubuttal! This is the only way by which we are going to learn!!

Is bread and butter the same?
But, we say "Bread and butter is my breakfast"?

I go with a simple rule as to what that refers to.
The nearest noun. But, I see your point. I've been looking
for material that clarifies this confusion. So far, none.

Anyway, let us wait for the official answer.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2004, 00:24
OA is not avlb
I got it from a yahoogroups Archive
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2004, 17:37
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ndidi204 wrote:
A is the best.

E has a subject-verb agreement problem.
"the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have .."

Progress here in singular and should have the singular verb "has" as shown in A.

NO. The "progress" did not do the decimating, the "devastion and enslavement" did.

Here is my 2-cents for whatever it is worth.

A. Wrong specifically because of subject-verb agreement. Also, I don't like the omission of the article "the" when refering to the "devastation..". IMO, Columbus personifies a particular period of incidents of devastation, not devastation and enslavement in general.

B. Wrong because it implies that the native people did the devastating.

C. Wordy and awkward. Also, IMO, the use of the gerund connotes that the devastation is ongoing or recent.

D. Same reason as C.

E. IMO, this is the best choice. First, it has good s-v agreement. (the Bread and butter argument is not relevant because item that are considered to be one entity are treated as singular ("bread and butter IS preferable to bacon and eggs for some dieters, though the latter IS surely more popular", "ham and eggs WAS his choice for breakfast", "black and white IS the favorite color scheme of Soho yuppies". This does NOT apply to "devastation and enslavement", e.g., "the devastion and enslavement were widespread" BTW, while "bread and butter is my breakfast" sounds awkward, "bread and butter are my breakfast" sounds worse. Of course, please take this with a grain of salt as my bread and butter IS not SC.

Finally, since Columbus personifies a particular devastion and enslavement, I think the use of the definite article "the" is appropriate if not mandatory here.
_________________

Best,

AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

Last edited by AkamaiBrah on 06 May 2004, 00:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2004, 02:09
"that" here refers to "devastation and enslavement", because "progress" can not decimate(to reduce drastically especially in number) people (Doesn't make any sense).

So (E) is the best choice with proper subject verb agreement.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 00:22
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2013, 17:39
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bump.

this annoying question is on the gmat exam pack 1. The OA is E.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2013, 11:53
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OA is (E). This is a GMAT Prep Exam Pack 1 question.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2013, 00:06
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Quite tough, but this just underscores "that" can modify whatever makes "logical sense".
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2013, 08:40
marine wrote:
1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated
C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

I had this question in my practice test, the right answer is "E".
I missed this one. The trick is that "devastation and enslavement...have decimated", while "A" fails to use the verb in the plural.
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2014, 14:30
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marine wrote:
1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere
B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated
C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.
E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

In accordance with some of the guys who posted above. We need have for the compound subject so the answer is clearly E

Nough said...
Cheers!
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has [#permalink]

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21 May 2014, 01:56
Although the answer is E since it is the only one that is meaningful, this question cannot be a real GMAT question for the reason that "devastation and eslavement" cannot decimate people. Conquerors can decimate people as a result of devastation and eslavement. Moreover are missing commas: ,in the name of progress,.
Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has   [#permalink] 21 May 2014, 01:56

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