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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in

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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink] New post 24 Dec 2012, 11:14
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (01:27) correct 44% (00:48) wrong based on 36 sessions
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(A) a method to protect

(B) as a method protecting

(C) protecting

(D) as a protection of

(E) to protect

Dear All,
Pls refer to the above problem. I want to clear my concept about in which situations should we prefer ing form of verb to infinitive form.t

My first preference was to E and second preference was to C
Official Answer is C

Pls Help !
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Concept clearence [#permalink] New post 24 Dec 2012, 15:49
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abhijitlandge wrote:
Dear All,
Pls refer to the following problem. I want to clear my concept about in which situations should we prefer ing form of verb to infinitive form.t

For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

(A) a method to protect

(B) as a method protecting

(C) protecting

(D) as a protection of

(E) to protect

My first preference was to E and second preference was to C
Official Answer is C

Pls Help !


Please read the Article below it will help you to undertsand the usage of 'to+verb" [as in choice E]
to-verb-vs-for-verb-ing-144017.html

For C 'verb-ing modifiers' are used Either to show a ongoing action/event OR to show a consequence of an action.Where the reason/cause is usually in the preceding clause

for example --animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment--REASON, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.-CONSEQUENCE

using to protect here will change the meaning, hence its wrong.

Hope its clear
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2012, 06:34
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IMO, the approach to this topic would be

(A) a method to protect – Animal shields are not a method. They are just materials so drop this

(B) as a method protecting --- same as in A

(C) protecting --- protecting modifies the simple clause preceding it. Correct choice

(D) as a protection of --- shields are not[protection or protections

(E) to protect --- The tricky issue here is the that we cannot idiomatically use an infinitive after a comma.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2012, 07:24
well the bigger issue with E is that use of 'to+verb' ie to protect changes the meaning of the sentence altogether.

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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2012, 07:24
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