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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in

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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

Not convinced with the old discussions on this, plz throw some light and concepts
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 12:11
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targetgmatchotu wrote:
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

Not convinced with the old discussions on this, plz throw some light and concepts

Hii Saurabh.
Logic of the sentence is:
1)For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa
2) animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment,
3) These military equipments were used to protect warriors.

Now error analysis:
A) The military equipments were not methods.
B) An ing verb without comma will modify just the preceding noun. Hence in this case, the implied meaning is that the method is protecting warriors. Without comma, the construction becomes very ambigous.
C) Correct choice. An verb-ing preceded by a comma modifies the entire preceding clause and hence implies that animal-hide shields with wooden frames is protectig the warriors.
D) Method as a protection- illogical
E) Infinitives are not preceded by a comma. Incorrect

+1C
Hope that helps.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 22:56
this problem is in og10 and so maybe old to study

I find a problem

C is correct, I agree.

but

in A, "a method..." can modify the whole preceding clause and is correct. A is also correct

a similar example is

I learn gmat, a good thing many persons know.

am I correct, pls help. i am confused.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2013, 00:43
thangvietnam wrote:
this problem is in og10 and so maybe old to study

I find a problem

C is correct, I agree.

but

in A, "a method..." can modify the whole preceding clause and is correct. A is also correct

a similar example is

I learn gmat, a good thing many persons know.

am I correct, pls help. i am confused.


Unless the phrase is an Absolute Phrase, it cannot modify the preceding clause.
The preceding clause can be entirely modified by:
1) Absolute Phrase
2) ", verb-ing"
Apart from this, I don't think that the preceding clause can me modified.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2014, 18:03
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2016, 07:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2016, 09:38
TGC wrote:
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.

A. a method to protect

B. as a method protecting

C. protecting

D. as a protection of

E. to protect

Not convinced with the old discussions on this, plz throw some light and concepts


'a method to protect' must modify the previous noun- 'military equipment'. But, military equipment is not a 'method'. A and B are out.

'to protect' must not be followed by ','. E is out.

'as a protection of' what?? Not right.

C is the right option.

Infact if we flip the sentence, we see that 'protecting' correctly modifies following sentence.

Protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment.
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Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2016, 23:58
A - Wrong --> "a method" is wrong here.

animal-hide shields with wooden
frames were essential items of military equipment --> it's not a method.

E is wrong because comma before "to" is wrong.

I believe if sentence is written like this:

animal-hide shields with wooden
frames were essential items of military equipment to protect warriors against enemy arrows
and spears. --> then it's right.
Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2016, 23:58
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