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Is it universal rule that infinitives (to) cannot come just after comma?
No. There are certainly possibilities where this can be done. "For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [X] is to [Y]." "For lizards, organisms that inhabit the earth, to [die] is to [leave your remains for the rest of the ecosystem]."
In this example "to" is right after a comma. _________________
talking about result without an action or event... [#permalink]
02 Sep 2011, 10:46
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For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears. (A) a method to protect (B) as a method protecting (C) protecting (D) as a protection of (E) to protect
Read below after you make a decision on the answer --
I see we can eliminate: 1. A and B - "animal-hide shields with wooden frames" isn't a method, but just an equipment. so, eliminated. 2. D - I guess we can accept this without a comma, so eliminated. 3. E - same as D.
Still C doesn't seem to be a best fit. Of the 3 parts we have here separated by commas in this sentence, i guess last part represents a result when it started by a gerund (protecting). We need to have an action or event in the 2nd part before we talk about result. So, i am not 100% convinced.
Re: For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]
26 Aug 2013, 01:43
For members of the seventeenth-century Ashanti nation in Africa, animal-hide shields with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment, a method to protect warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
A. a method to protect (military equipment cannot be a method)
B. as a method protecting ( Method doesn't do protecting instead the animal shields do the protecting)
C. protecting ( This one correctly modifiers the noun in the preceding clause "animal-shields")
D. as a protection of ( Although grammatically correct choice, wordiness is the issue here)
E. to protect ( "to protect " is the purpose and shouldn't follow a comma)
Although I cannot argue against the OG's explanation, I have a query related to answer choice (E):
-ING modifier has three forms:
(1). Modifies NOUN (2). Modifies verb and verb's subject (3). Result of the main clause
Here the -ING modifier functions clearly as (1). as it modifies "Shields"
Meaning: Shields protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears with wooden frames were essential items of military equipment
But the option (E) explanation by OG is
Although the infinitive to protect would work if it were not preceded by a comma, it cannot act as a nonrestrictive adjectival phrase modifying items
We aren't modifying ITEMS here , we are modifying "SHIELDS" here. So why this explanation?
Furthermore, the explanation for the correctness of option (C) is
Correct. In this sentence, protecting properly introduces a modifying phrase revealing the purpose of the items.
Please advise !!
Rgds, TGC ! _________________
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Last edited by Narenn on 26 Aug 2013, 11:01, edited 1 time in total.
Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in [#permalink]
29 Dec 2014, 04:18
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Re: For members of the seventeenth century Ashanti nation in
29 Dec 2014, 04:18