For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either

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For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 05:37
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For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.
B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.
C. The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.
D. For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.
E. The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 11:28
hogann wrote:
For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either public or private non-profit colleges. At the same time, relative to non-profit colleges, for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate share of federal and state financial aid, such as tuition grants and guaranteed loans, for their students. It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Public non-profit colleges and private non-profit colleges enroll a similar proportion of financially disadvantaged students.
B. For-profit colleges do not engage in fraudulent practices in helping their students obtain unneeded federal and state financial aid.
C. The number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at for-profit colleges is greater than the number of students receiving federal and state financial aid at non-profit colleges.
D. For-profit colleges are of similar educational quality as non-profit colleges.
E. The majority of students at for-profit colleges do not default on repayment of their loans after they complete college.

I hate Assumption Questions
but I will still give it a shot..
Since its an assumption question, the answer should be within the scope of argument and something related to either premises or conclusion.
B, D and E - Out of scope
A) and C) Within scope however C is something already given in the argument.

Hence, my choice is A.
Whats the OA and OE?!
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 13:33
I vote for [B].
If a for-profit college was engaging in fraudulent practices to get financial aid for its students, the students may be getting these loans in spite of not needing them. This would weaken the authors conclusion that for-profit colleges enroll a greater # of financially disadvantaged students.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2009, 18:40
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+1 for B.
Negate B: If for-profit schools engage in frauds by getting unneeded aid, then the conclusion that proportion of disadvantaged students is more falls apart, because, the aid is not proportional to the actual number of students.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2009, 07:19
OA is B

One alternative reason that might explain the disproportionate aid distribution is that for-profit colleges engaged in fraudulent practices to obtain unneeded financial assistance for their students.

This answer choice asserts that this was NOT in fact the case
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2009, 13:41
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Here is how I tried solving it.

Conclusion of the argument - It must be, then, that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges.

The conclusion is made based on facts provided between For-profit colleges and Non-profit colleges. Following are the facts that were provided.

1) For-profit colleges have fewer students then Non-profit colleges.
2) For-profit colleges receive more money in the form of federal and state financial aid.

Based on the above facts the argument is concluded as “For-profit colleges enroll more students who are financially weak than non-profit colleges do.

For assumptions questions, one trick is the answer should tie together the facts stated and the conclusion.

Fewer students, more aid --> more students who are financially week.

Now look at the ans choices.

1. The argument is comparing the For-Profit and Non-profit colleges. Not the public and private colleges. Rule this option out.
2. This is in some way tying all the pieces in the argument (atleast you are seeing all the critical words – aid, students…..possible ans.
3. This is also in some way tying all the pieces of the argument (key words being students, aid.). But the problem with this choice is that it is restating the conclusion. Students from for-profit colleges who are receiving aid is greater than students from non-profit colleges. So rule out this option also. An assumption cannot restate the conclusion.
4. Educational quality is of no relevance with the conclusion. Rule out this option.
5. Students defaulting their loans after the completion of the college is not relevant to the conclusion. Rule out this option.

So my ans will be B.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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13 May 2011, 03:15
Negating B floors the conclusion.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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18 May 2011, 07:13
negate b

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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2011, 22:41
B
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2011, 22:57
i agree with B

But can someone explain why not E?

Because if the students do not pay the loan then the for -profit organization would go into debts and it is a disadvantage for for -profit organization
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 00:01
E truly do not talk about financial aid from federal and state, and I try negating it. It do not make sense of weakening the argument. So why E is wrong.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 14:01
can't understand why D is wrong?
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 14:59
D is out of scope.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2011, 07:11
Clearly B.
It is the one that joins all the dots.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 04:50
D and E both are out of context
has to be B
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 06:39
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The argument concludes that for-profit colleges enroll a greater proportion of
financially disadvantaged students than do non-profit colleges. This conclusion is
based on the fact that students at for-profit colleges draw a disproportionate
share of federal and state financial aid. The argument assumes a link between
students enrolled. In so doing, it assumes that there are not other possible
reasons for the disproportionate aid distribution.
(A) The conclusion makes a claim about the differences between for-profit and
non-profit colleges. Differences among non-profit colleges – such as public vs.
private – are irrelevant to the argument.
(B) CORRECT. One alternative reason that might explain the disproportionate
aid distribution is that for-profit colleges engaged in fraudulent practices to obtain
unneeded financial assistance for their students. If this were true, then much of
the aid was distributed based not on the actual financial situation of the students
but on the ability of colleges to defraud federal and state governments. This
answer choice asserts that this was NOT in fact the case, thereby eliminating this
alternative explanation and highlighting a key assumption upon which the
argument rests.
(C) The argument's claim is centered on proportions. The actual number of
students receiving aid at for-profit vs. non-profit colleges is irrelevant to the
conclusion.
(D) The relative educational quality of for-profit vs. non-profit colleges lies outside
the scope of the argument, which is focused solely on differences in financial aid
distribution.
(E) The issue addressed by the argument is the amount of financial aid
distributed to students at two types of institutions. Whether students successfully
repay their loans after college is immaterial to the claim made in the argument.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 19:15
I was confused between B and D and finally chose D for the reason: incase the quality of education in for-profit colleges is better, the bigger chunk of grant is anyways justified, so, enrolling a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students... becomes unnecessary to justify higher grants.
So, the author must be assuming that the quality of education must be the same.

- DA
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2014, 23:51
As it says that for-profit colleges draw disproportionate financial share of federal and state financial aid.

According to this, it should be C.
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2014, 05:57
divineacclivity wrote:
I was confused between B and D and finally chose D for the reason: incase the quality of education in for-profit colleges is better, the bigger chunk of grant is anyways justified, so, enrolling a greater proportion of financially disadvantaged students... becomes unnecessary to justify higher grants.
So, the author must be assuming that the quality of education must be the same.

- DA

Hi DA,

I think there is a little confusion about tuition grants! Grants in this context aren't like research grants, where they are based on the merit of the work being done. Rather, tuition grants are a specific type of "financial aid," which is generally reserved for financially struggling students.

Does that help clarify?
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Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2014, 05:24
mydreammba wrote:
i agree with B

But can someone explain why not E?

Because if the students do not pay the loan then the for -profit organization would go into debts and it is a disadvantage for for -profit organization

E is irrelevant to the topic and it doesn't make any contribution to the conclusion. Whether the students will default or not default doesn't make a pinch to the conclusion, which says for profit colleges enrolls higher proportion of economically backward people than the other colleges, and also a person is defaulter or not doesn't tell anything about the probable financial situation at the time of admission..
Re: For-profit colleges serve far fewer students than either   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2014, 05:24

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