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For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily

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For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2012, 05:28
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For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily production at a company was 50 units. If today's production of 90 units raises the average to 55 units per day, what is the value of n ?

(A) 30
(B) 18
(C) 10
(D) 9
(E) 7
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2012, 05:29
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Walkabout wrote:
For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily production at a company was 50 units. If today's production of 90 units raises the average to 55 units per day, what is the value of n ?

(A) 30
(B) 18
(C) 10
(D) 9
(E) 7


(average production for n days) * n = (total production for n days) --> 50n=(total production for n days);
(total production for n days) + 90 = (average production for n+1 days) * (n+1) --> 50n + 90 = 55 * (n+1) --> n=7.

Or as 40 extra units increased the average for n+1 days by 5 units per day then 40/(n+1)=5 --> n=7.

Answer: E.
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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2014, 10:52
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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2014, 12:25
Bunuel wrote:
Walkabout wrote:
For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily production at a company was 50 units. If today's production of 90 units raises the average to 55 units per day, what is the value of n ?

(A) 30
(B) 18
(C) 10
(D) 9
(E) 7


(average production for n days) * n = (total production for n days) --> 50n=(total production for n days);
(total production for n days) + 90 = (average production for n+1 days) * (n+1) --> 50n + 90 = 55 * (n+1) --> n=7.

Or as 40 extra units increased the average for n+1 days by 5 units per day then 40/(n+1)=5 --> n=7.

Answer: E.


Could you explain why there is n+1 days? I don't quite get the logic here. Thanks in advance.
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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2014, 13:13
Expert's post
trambn wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Walkabout wrote:
For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily production at a company was 50 units. If today's production of 90 units raises the average to 55 units per day, what is the value of n ?

(A) 30
(B) 18
(C) 10
(D) 9
(E) 7


(average production for n days) * n = (total production for n days) --> 50n=(total production for n days);
(total production for n days) + 90 = (average production for n+1 days) * (n+1) --> 50n + 90 = 55 * (n+1) --> n=7.

Or as 40 extra units increased the average for n+1 days by 5 units per day then 40/(n+1)=5 --> n=7.

Answer: E.


Could you explain why there is n+1 days? I don't quite get the logic here. Thanks in advance.


The past n days plus today, so one more day = n + 1 days.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2014, 11:45
For past n days, average daily production is 50.
Today's average production of 90 unit raises average for (n+1)days by 55.

Weight Average formula.

(n*daily average+1*today's average) = 55
(n+1)

n*55 + 1*90 = 55
(n+1)

n=7

OA is E
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Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2014, 21:16
Walkabout wrote:
For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily production at a company was 50 units. If today's production of 90 units raises the average to 55 units per day, what is the value of n ?

(A) 30
(B) 18
(C) 10
(D) 9
(E) 7



For "N" days avg production was 50 Units

Today production of 90 Units raises avg to 55 Units

So 90 Units of today raises each of N days avg unit by 5 Units + 55 Units of today.

Considering that if 55 Units were produced today then remaining 35 Units of today add up to raise value from 50 Units to 55 Units. Implies that if 5 units each are given to "N" days then the avg will be 55 Units

So, 35 / 5 = 7

Therefore "N" = 7

Ans E
Re: For the past n days, the average (arithmetic mean) daily   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2014, 21:16
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