For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito

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For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2008, 18:24
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For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito have been damaged by exhaust from the many tour buses that come to the city. There has been little parking space, so most buses have idled at the curb during each stop on their tour, and idling produces as much exhaust as driving. The city has now provided parking that accommodates a third of the tour buses, so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument?

(A) The exhaust from Palitito's few automobiles is not a significant threat to Palitito's buildings.
(B) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other than engine exhaust.
(C) Tour buses typically spend less than one-quarter of the time they are in Palitito transporting passengers from one site to another.
(D) More tourists come to Palitito by tour bus than by any other single means of transportation.
(E) Some of the tour buses that are unable to find parking drive around Palitito while their passengers are visiting a site.

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19 Jul 2008, 19:26
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IMO between B/C/D. Not sure how to reson among these. IMO C

Good question.

A. out of scope of the passage
E. even if 2/3 that cannot find parking just drive aroudn the city the pollution will increase
C. If the buses are spending only 1/4 of their time transporting tourists and are idiling 3/4 of the time on curbs emitting fumes then this will increase the pollution. However, if they can park in a parking lot and shut off the engines then pollution will at lest be reduced.
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19 Jul 2008, 19:40
MamtaKrishnia wrote:
For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito have been damaged by exhaust from the many tour buses that come to the city. There has been little parking space, so most buses have idled at the curb during each stop on their tour, and idling produces as much exhaust as driving. The city has now provided parking that accommodates a third of the tour buses, so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly support the argument?

a) The exhaust from Palitito's few automobiles is not a significant threat to Palitito's buildings.
b) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other then engine exhaust.
c) Tour buses typically spend less than one-quarter of the time they are in Palitito transporting passengers from one site to another.
d) More tourists come to Palitito by tour bus than by any other single mean of transportation.
e) Some of the tour buses that are unable to find parking drive around Palitito while their passengers are visiting a site.

a) out- as it is weakens the arg
b) out- irrelevant
c) out-talks @ transportation of tourists. The passage talks @ pollution from exhausts and not from no of tourists visiting the place
d) out- again talks @ no of tourists. No has nothing to do with the pollution
e) in- Some buses unable to find parking place,keep moving around the place. This supports the arg that lack of parking space was resulting in more pollution.Also the passage tells that pollution while idling is equivalent to that produced during driving
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21 Jul 2008, 22:29
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OA is C.

c) Tour buses typically spend less than one-quarter of the time they are in Palitito transporting passengers from one site to another.

This option states that its only 1/4 th of the time do the tour buses actually transport tourists.
The rest of the 3/4th time they are either idle or looking for parking space.
Therefore is directly strengthens the argument.

Option E on the other hand is close but says SOME which makes it less preferable over option C.
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08 Sep 2010, 03:11
C is winner.
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14 Sep 2010, 05:19
+1 for C
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29 Dec 2010, 01:45
WHY E IS WRONG
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20 Jan 2012, 23:00
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thangvietnam wrote:
WHY E IS WRONG

the question is to find something supports the argument. in other words, in addition to what is mentioned in the argument, find something ELSE to support the argument.

E is an already mentioned fact but not something new. Hence, answer is C.

On a separate note...
this question is really tricky. argument gave a conclusion (provided parking lot helps reduce the pollution). But no answer choice addresses this; instead they all talk about intermediate statements/conclusion.. Be careful
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22 Jan 2012, 20:35
Chembeti wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
WHY E IS WRONG

the question is to find something supports the argument. in other words, in addition to what is mentioned in the argument, find something ELSE to support the argument.

E is an already mentioned fact but not something new. Hence, answer is C.

On a separate note...
this question is really tricky. argument gave a conclusion (provided parking lot helps reduce the pollution). But no answer choice addresses this; instead they all talk about intermediate statements/conclusion.. Be careful

That's correct!
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2012, 21:07
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MamtaKrishnia wrote:
For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito have been damaged by exhaust from the many tour buses that come to the city. There has been little parking space, so most buses have idled at the curb during each stop on their tour, and idling produces as much exhaust as driving. The city has now provided parking that accommodates a third of the tour buses, so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument?
(A) The exhaust from Palitito's few automobiles is not a significant threat to Palitito's buildings.
(B) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other than engine exhaust.
(C) Tour buses typically spend less than one-quarter of the time they are in Palitito transporting passengers from one site to another.
(D) More tourists come to Palitito by tour bus than by any other single means of transportation.
(E) Some of the tour buses that are unable to find parking drive around Palitito while their passengers are visiting a site.

I thought it to be B initially but as i write this explanation I could see why it's wrong.... even if buildings are not threatened by pollution other than Palitito's exhaust, then also this comment has no bearing on my conclusion that providing parking for 1/3 buses would reduce pollution and hence damage. It could still be possible that rest 2/3 buses out on road cause major pollution.

A can be crossed out because stimulus specifically talks building damage due to pollution from tour buses.

Again D could be taken out on similar lines .... number of tourist preferring tour buses has no bearing on reducing pollution from tour buses. It could have been a strengthener for a case considering pollution due to tour buses and other means of transportation, but here it does not have any impact on scheme of providing parking to tour bus.

out of C and E .... i feel E to have a much narrower scope as it talks abt some buses tht a unable to find a parking spot.

on the other hand C talks about tour buses in general spending 1/4 time travelling while 3/4 of their time idle, thus providing parking to tour buses would effectively reduce the pollution during curb side parking.
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2014, 01:00
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 13:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 01:13
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Why is B wrong? Somebody helps me, please!
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 05:30
oanhnguyen1116 wrote:
Why is B wrong? Somebody helps me, please!

Hi
B states that--
(B) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other than engine exhaust.
the Argument does not talk of any other pollution, so it is actually not affecting the argument, as we are talking of a particular cause of pollution..

B would have been correct if the argument said that the pollution due too buses exhaust has gone down and this will result in very less damage to the building overall..

Now B would have said hat there is no other pollution, which would have supported our CONCLUSION in highlighted portion above...
But our conclusion is so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.
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For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 01:17
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Now I am clear. Thank you chetan2u!

chetan2u wrote:
oanhnguyen1116 wrote:
Why is B wrong? Somebody helps me, please!

Hi
B states that--
(B) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other than engine exhaust.
the Argument does not talk of any other pollution, so it is actually not affecting the argument, as we are talking of a particular cause of pollution..

B would have been correct if the argument said that the pollution due too buses exhaust has gone down and this will result in very less damage to the building overall..

Now B would have said hat there is no other pollution, which would have supported our CONCLUSION in highlighted portion above...
But our conclusion is so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 02:25
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very hard to eliminate B
B is somewhat repeatation of evidence.
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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12 May 2016, 01:59
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chetan2u

Isn't B a more like an assumption? And when an assumption is explicitly mentioned, it does support an argument and can be a probable strengthener in this case. Please correct me if I am wrong.
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For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 06:00
JackH wrote:
chetan2u

Isn't B a more like an assumption? And when an assumption is explicitly mentioned, it does support an argument and can be a probable strengthener in this case. Please correct me if I am wrong.

Hi JackH

The problem is not if B is an assumption or not. The problem is that the assumption must cater to the conclusion

The conclusion is : idling of buses is causing problem

Every statement can have a 1000 assumptions.

For example. I came second last year. I am stronger than last year. I will win the competition this year.

I can put 1000 more assumptions catering to : "I am stronger than last year". For example :

I am eating more
I am exercising more

But they don't cater to the main conclusion of the argument which is " I am stronger than every one else in the competition.
". It is actually a classic GMAT trap. Always look at the conclusion to see if assumptions are catering to conclusion

And PS: Assumptions are not explicitly mentioned. Premises are.
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 11:32
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MamtaKrishnia wrote:
For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito have been damaged by exhaust from the many tour buses that come to the city. There has been little parking space, so most buses have idled at the curb during each stop on their tour, and idling produces as much exhaust as driving. The city has now provided parking that accommodates a third of the tour buses, so damage to Palitito's buildings from the buses' exhaust will diminish significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument?

(A) The exhaust from Palitito's few automobiles is not a significant threat to Palitito's buildings.
(B) Palitito's Renaissance buildings are not threatened by pollution other than engine exhaust.
(C) Tour buses typically spend less than one-quarter of the time they are in Palitito transporting passengers from one site to another.
(D) More tourists come to Palitito by tour bus than by any other single means of transportation.
(E) Some of the tour buses that are unable to find parking drive around Palitito while their passengers are visiting a site.

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 Question: 32 Page: 38 Difficulty: 600

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So let's start by quickly putting into easy words what this whole situation is about. So we have some city where buses are ruining the buildings. Most buses pretty much do 2 things- they either drive passengers around or they idle around doing nothing. In either case, buildings are damaged by the exhaust. So the city thinks building parking that will accommodate 1/3 of buses will lessen exhaust damage. Now let's look at the answer choices.

A) Who cares about regular automobiles? We are only concerned about buses and parking spots here. It's a trap choice because the GMAT is trying to shift your thinking towards alternative causes of pollution; a type of thinking handy on many other CR questions. If we can assume other things won't make the problem worse, we would have reason to believe this plan might work, but this is exactly the type of thinking the GMAT is tricking you with here, since the prompt says the buildings are damaged by buses, and thus cars don't matter here.

B) Whether other pollution harms these buildings or not does not matter as well, since the plan seeks to reduce damage from buses and not other sources. Pretty easy one to eliminate.

D) Also may be a trap answer for some test-takers. D confirms the idea that buses constitute the majority proportion of tourist traffic. Either way, this does not support the city's plan that parking will reduce bus pollution. Whether buses are 99% of all tourist traffic or 51%, this has no bearing on the fact that additional parking will reduce current pollution levels.

E) Okay, this is probably the trickiest and most appealing trap answer choice here. Here's why it's a trap- E states that some of the buses that can't find parking are gonna just drive around polluting the city with reckless abandon, so you think great, additional parking will definitely reduce pollution because these buses would be parked instead of driving around. But here's the thing, what would those buses that can't find parking do instead? They are either going to idle around, polluting the city anyway. E doesn't actually change anything about what we already know of this world. E is in fact, describing a scenario that is, in terms of pollution output, fundamentally the same as what is already written in the prompt. We already know parking is limited, and that buses idle around because of this. Whether they drive around or idle around makes no difference to the level of harm the buildings will experience. So it doesn't really support the plan, E is rather neutral.

C) THE CORRECT ANSWER! Whew, we made it guys! Let's look at why C definitely is the correct answer. C says buses spend less than one-quarter of the time transporting people around from site to site. So the rest of the time, the MAJORITY of the time, these buses need to find somewhere to park or they will just idle around. The prompt says parking is limited though, so most of the time these buses are damaging buildings by idling at the curb. If a third of these buses are now able to find parking, you'd have good reason to believe the pollution to buildings will decrease, thereby strengthening the logic of the prompt. It is also important to note that C says the majority of the time is spent idling, since parking is the alternative to idling; thus, buses will actually spend a lot of time parked and therefore not polluting.
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Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2016, 14:09
Chembeti wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
WHY E IS WRONG

the question is to find something supports the argument. in other words, in addition to what is mentioned in the argument, find something ELSE to support the argument.

E is an already mentioned fact but not something new. Hence, answer is C.

On a separate note...
this question is really tricky. argument gave a conclusion (provided parking lot helps reduce the pollution). But no answer choice addresses this; instead they all talk about intermediate statements/conclusion.. Be careful

E can't be the correct answer because, per the question stem, driving produces just as much exhaust as idling. Thus, it does not matter whether or not the bus is driving or idling because either choice will produce harmful exhaust. Answer C addresses this issue by providing an alternative to driving or idling.

Hope that helps.
Re: For years the beautiful Renaissance buildings in Palitito   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2016, 14:09
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