Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was

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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 01:50
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Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was exoneration and his freedom.

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom
(C) being exonerated and freed
(D) exoneration and his freedom
(E) being freed, having been exonerated
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2010, 17:15
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It basically depends on how you interpret "before". If "before" is used as a preposition, it forms a prepositional phrase, which modifies the nearest noun. However, if "before" is used as a conjuction, it can have a proper clause or it can participial phase modiyfing the subject of the main sentence.

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - "there" pronoun error.
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - "was" is a form of "to be". We can't use both.
(C) being exonerated and freed - Correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - "before exoneration .." is a prepositional phrase that modifies "years"
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - "having been" structure error.
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2009, 08:50
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2010, 11:31
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(A) Gives me the feeling as if someone were telling me that "Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was a concept called exoneration.
(B) Gives the feeling as if poor Dreyfus was poised to be exonerated but unfortunately got imprisoned before that could happen. Bloody traitorous colleagues!!
(C) CORRECT
(D) Had it been "his exoneration and freedom", I'd be happy. But "exoneration and his freedom" doesnt agree with me.
(E) Its like "Since he was exonerated, they put him in jail for 12 yrs".
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 03:20
C looks like the ans.What is the OA?
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 03:31
I don't know the answer.

But guys it would be really appreciated if you can share your reasoning as well. A healthy discussion will help all.
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 07:40
Another C..

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - awkward construction with 'there'...
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - 'to be'
(C) being exonerated and freed - correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - not parallel...
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - awkward construction

Whats the OA...also is this case 'being' is correct..whereas in most of the cases we seem to remove options which have being..Can anyone signify the importance of being..
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 08:50
sanoasis wrote:
Another C..

(A) there was exoneration and his freedom - awkward construction with 'there'...
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom - 'to be'
(C) being exonerated and freed - correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom - not parallel...
(E) being freed, having been exonerated - awkward construction

Whats the OA...also is this case 'being' is correct..whereas in most of the cases we seem to remove options which have being..Can anyone signify the importance of being..

can you explain the reason of D not being parallel.
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 09:06
rashminet84 wrote:
ashishd wrote:
4. Framed by traitorous colleagues, Alfred Dreyfus was imprisoned for twelve years before there was exoneration and his freedom.
(A) there was exoneration and his freedom awkward
(B) he was to be exonerated with freedom wordy awkward
(C) being exonerated and freed concise and correct
(D) exoneration and his freedom "his freedom" is incorrect
(E) being freed, having been exonerated wordy and awkward

Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?
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14 Jul 2009, 09:09
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sudeep wrote:

Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?

Whenever i find a passive voice, i always look for options with active voice. Gmat rarely gives a correct choice with passive voice.

exoneration and "his freedom" both are passive, only C has active voice
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14 Jul 2009, 09:13
rashminet84 wrote:
sudeep wrote:

Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?

Whenever i find a passive voice, i always look for options with active voice. Gmat rarely gives a correct choice with passive voice.

exoneration and "his freedom" both are passive, only C has active voice

I am not getting your concept of active and passive in here.

Can you enlighten me more on this please?
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14 Jul 2009, 13:07
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 13:27
I would go with C

D came close but seems awkward
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2009, 19:53
rashminet84 wrote:
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful

Really!

How "exoneration" and "his freedom" become passive was my question?
Both are nouns and contain no verb so how can they be considered as passive.
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14 Jul 2009, 21:39
C seems like the best fit, but shouldnt the sentence use the past participle "had been" instead of "was" ?
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2009, 05:34
rashminet84 wrote:
sudeep wrote:

Can you please explain:

before exoneration - is this correct?
before his freedom - this is incorrect as we need to define the instance and moment in here. Right?

Whenever i find a passive voice, i always look for options with active voice. Gmat rarely gives a correct choice with passive voice.

exoneration and "his freedom" both are passive, only C has active voice

I think you meant to say only C is passive..?
But I liked your reasoning to eliminate choices.
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15 Jul 2009, 06:01
sudeep wrote:
rashminet84 wrote:
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful

Really!

How "exoneration" and "his freedom" become passive was my question?
Both are nouns and contain no verb so how can they be considered as passive.

consider these:
1)They exonerated and freed him
2) He was exonerated and freed
3) There was his exoneration and freedom.

1 is obviously active, 2 is not when compared to 1, but 2 is relatively active compared to 3.
3 sounds very clumsy and awkward.
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15 Jul 2009, 11:00
rashminet84 wrote:
sudeep wrote:
rashminet84 wrote:
Passive : The rabbit was eaten by the tiger.

Active : The tiger ate the rabbit.

Hope this was helpful

Really!

How "exoneration" and "his freedom" become passive was my question?
Both are nouns and contain no verb so how can they be considered as passive.

consider these:
1)They exonerated and freed him
2) He was exonerated and freed
3) There was his exoneration and freedom.

1 is obviously active, 2 is not when compared to 1, but 2 is relatively active compared to 3.
3 sounds very clumsy and awkward.

Thanks for explanation!
Not convinced with the 3rd one though.
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2009, 07:19
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According to Manhattan, other things equal, choose verb over adjective over noun. Thus, C is clearly better than D
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Re: traitorous colleagues [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2010, 10:09
IMO C

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Re: traitorous colleagues   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2010, 10:09

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