Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 01 Aug 2014, 22:42

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Fresh Ellipsis Question

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Select the correct answer

You may select 1 option
Author Message
TAGS:
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1762
Followers: 1199

Kudos [?]: 3215 [2] , given: 179

Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2013, 21:07
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

93% (01:39) correct 7% (00:21) wrong based on 128 sessions
Happy Monday!! I hope by now you would have read the brand new article on Ellipsis. Now try your hand at this brand new SC question:
Image

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.


A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

- Shraddha
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________



Free Webinar: August 03, 2014 - Improve by 70 Points in 30 days: Register for this Free Webinar to learn how to define your strategy, analyze your mocks and improve by 70 points in 30 days. Click here to register.


Last edited by egmat on 07 May 2013, 07:58, edited 4 times in total.
Kaplan Promo CodeKnewton GMAT Discount CodesManhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1762
Followers: 1199

Kudos [?]: 3215 [2] , given: 179

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2013, 21:16
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Thanks everyone for their overwhelming participation in this question. Our hope is that you will now be able to address any question that tests ambiguous comparison concept.

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

Image
Sentence Structure
• After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found
• that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.
Meaning
• Geneticists compared the Neanderthal DNA to the human DNA and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA.
• Now the way this sentence is written, we can infer two meanings here:
o Meaning 1: Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than was the chimp DNA. Entities compared Neanderthal DNA and chimp DNA.
o Meaning 2: Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to the chimp DNA. Entities compared human DNA and chimp DNA.

Image

Error Analysis
• After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found
• that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

As we saw in the meaning analysis, the way this sentence is written, it presents ambiguous comparison.
If the intended comparison is between Neanderthal DNA and chimp DNA, then we need to repeat “was” before “the chimp DNA” to clarify the comparison.
If the intended comparison is between human DNA and chimp DNA, then we need to repeat preposition “to” before “the chimp DNA” to clarify the comparison.
We will do the PoE to find out the correct answer.

PoE

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA : Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp : Incorrect.

Error 1: Use of “might” is incorrect as it denotes that there is possibility that the geneticists may find the stated similarity. However, the original sentence says that geneticists have already found the similarity.
Error 2: This choice illogically compares Neanderthal DNA to “human” and “chimp” and not their DNAs.

C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s : Incorrect.
This choice repeats the error of choice A. The only difference is that the entities have been written using possessive case. Neanderthal’s (DNA), human’s (DNA), and chimp’s (DNA). Hence, this choice also presents ambiguous comparison.

D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA : Correct Answer
This choice clarifies the comparison by repeating preposition “to” before “chimp DNA”. Hence, the intended comparison is between human DNA and chimp DNA.

E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA: Incorrect.

Error 1: This choice does not have “to”. This removal leads to distorted meaning. Now we don’t know that the similarity of Neanderthal’s DNA is measured to who or what.

Image

1. Word/words can be omitted as long as their removal does not make the sentence ambiguous.
2. Repeat the already present words if removal of those words leads to ambiguity in comparison.

Thanks. :)
Shraddha
_________________



Free Webinar: August 03, 2014 - Improve by 70 Points in 30 days: Register for this Free Webinar to learn how to define your strategy, analyze your mocks and improve by 70 points in 30 days. Click here to register.


Last edited by egmat on 07 May 2014, 19:01, edited 2 times in total.
7 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Waiting
Joined: 11 Dec 2012
Posts: 73
Location: Bahrain
Concentration: Healthcare, General Management
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V24
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V40
WE: Sales (Other)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 42 [7] , given: 144

Reviews Badge
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2013, 23:15
7
This post received
KUDOS
Started with identifying the splits and understanding the meaning of the sentence.

1. have found vs found
Spotted comparing in the previous clause, implying ongoing action
Present perfect > simple past
E can be crossed out.

2. Neanderthal DNA vs Neanderthal's
In the unclear in the latter what is being compared.
Neanderthal DNA > Neanderthal's
C can be crossed out

3. more similar to vs more similar than
Idiom demands similar to
Similar to > Similar than
Than should come later to express comparison.
E can be crossed out

4. It is the DNA being compared only
A. DNA similar to Human than Chimp DNA. Wrong comparison
B. DNA Similar to Human than Chimp. Wrong comparison
A & B can be crossed out

5. Meaning
E. fails to establish the comparison.
E Can be crossed out

You are left with only D, the best answer in my opinion.

Cheers
_________________

--
Piyush Jain
GMAT Debrief | Personal Blog | Twitter | LinkedIn

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Status: Application process
Joined: 23 Jan 2013
Posts: 33
Location: India
GMAT 1: 600 Q50 V22
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V28
GPA: 3.39
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 12

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2013, 23:18
Was confused between C and D but finally chose D .
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 58
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Operations
Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.51
WE: Other (Transportation)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 33

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 10 Mar 2013, 23:31
egmat wrote:
Happy Monday!! I hope by now you would have read the brand new article on Ellipsis. Now try your hand at this brand new SC question:
Image

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

OA and OE will be posted after some initial discussion. I look forward to wonderful explanations from you.

- Shraddha


Only D addresses the Parallelism structure fault in the original stem.
A has parallel structure issues - DNA was more similar TO human DNA than Chimp DNA - INCORRECT
B tense change not required - INCORRECT
C incorrect comparison - Neanderthal's similar to human's than chimp's (What are we comparing is not mentioned at all) - INCORRECT
D rectified the parallelism issue in the original stem by adding to before Chimp DNA - BINGO!!!!
E same problem as in the stem - INCORRECT
(I am not very good at explaining SCs since i lack the Grammar Vocab required :oops: )
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Jan 2012
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 01:46
egmat wrote:

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

OA and OE will be posted after some initial discussion. I look forward to wonderful explanations from you.

- Shraddha



Neanderthal = A
Human= B
Chimp = C

A. Geniticists have found that A DNA was more similar to B than C DNA
(DNA compared to human and chimp DNA)

B. Geniticists might find
(After so much research Geniticists should find at least something)

C. Geneticists have found that the A's was more similar to B’s than C’s
(A's head was more similar to B's leg than C's brain???)

D. Geneticists have found that the A DNA was more similar to B DNA than to C DNA
(Perfect!!!, A was similar to both B & C, but it resembles more to B or its properties matches more with properties of B than with the properties of C)

E. Geneticists found that the A DNA was more similar than B DNA and C DNA
(To whom or to what? Similar to something......)

My Answer
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Final Lap
Joined: 25 Oct 2012
Posts: 291
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Oxford
GPA: 3.54
WE: Project Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 87 [1] , given: 85

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 02:25
1
This post received
KUDOS
egmat wrote:
Happy Monday!! I hope by now you would have read the brand new article on Ellipsis. Now try your hand at this brand new SC question:
Image

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

OA and OE will be posted after some initial discussion. I look forward to wonderful explanations from you.

- Shraddha

The correct comparaison should ressemble to :
After comparing X to Y and to Z, geneticists have found that X was more similar to Y than to Z
Answer : D
_________________

KUDOS is the good manner to help the entire community.

"If you don't change your life, your life will change you"

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Sep 2010
Posts: 340
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 102 [0], given: 136

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 02:31
After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

Meaning -
Geneticists compared 3 types of DNA- Neanderthal's DNA : Human DNA: Chimp DNA
after comparing, they found out that - N's DNA is similar to Human DNA rather than Chimps's DNA

C1- geneticists have
C2 -Neaderthal DNA was

Usage of That- Object of Verb - Found
SV Agreement - Correct
Pronoun Mismatch - No
Modifier - NO

Parallelism - Ambiguity -

the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

Two Meanings- Is it

a)the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA (was)
or
b) the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than (to)chimp DNA.

The correct answer choice must be either of the above forms -

Lets analyze answer choices-


A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA - Comparison Error
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp - incorrect comparison( N's DNA to Human to Chimp)
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s - Same Error as that in original choice; the only thing is the choice used possessive case
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA - Answer - correct structure (meets choice b)
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA - Again , What is this comparing - N's DNA to both H and C DNA combined)


Thanks
_________________

+1 Kudos me, Help me unlocking GMAT Club Tests

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2012
Posts: 47
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 2

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 04:38
egmat wrote:
After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

OA and OE will be posted after some initial discussion. I look forward to wonderful explanations from you.

- Shraddha


Meaning :- geneticists after doing an experiment have found that the Nean DNA is more similar to Hum DNA than to chimp DNA

Error Analysis :- The underlined portion is different from choice A, however there is an ambiguous comparison in the underlined part
a. Nean DNA was more similar to Hum DNA than to Chimp DNA
Or
b. Nean DNA was more similar to Hum DNA than Chimp DNA was more similar to Hum DNA

POE :-
Option A :- this option is different from the underlined part in the original sentence. this option has a comparison error wherein we compare the Nean DNA with Human.
Option B :- Same error as in option A. Also this option changes the intended meaning per this option the geneticists perform some experiment, they might find something, whereas per the original option the experiment has already been performed and the results published.
Option C :- The compared entity is not specified, what of Nean`s is more similar to hum`s than chimp`s ? also same ambiguous comparison error as in underlined part.
Option D :- Correct
Option E :- using simple past tense indicates that the action is completed in the past and its effects are no longer valid. Also the comparison is not correct, the nean DNA was more similar than hum`s and chimp`s but similar to what ?

IMO :- D
Expert Post
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1096
Followers: 73

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 101

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 07:47
Expert's post
OA:D...

Pretty easy one Shradhha I think...

Please get us through some really challenging ones...

btw, look forward to seeing a detail discussion on idioms and their usage in GMAT from e-GMAT :)
_________________

UPDATED : e-GMAT SC Resources-Consolidated || ALL RC Resources-Consolidated || ALL SC Resources-Consolidated || UPDATED : AWA compilations-109 Analysis of Argument Essays || NEW !!! GMAC's IR Prep Tool

GMAT Club guide - OG 11-12-13 || Veritas Blog || Manhattan GMAT Blog


KUDOS please, if you like the post or if it helps :-)

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Jun 2012
Posts: 10
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 2

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2013, 09:39
After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

Meaning - The geneticists compared the N-DNA to the equivalent of Human DNA and Chimp DNA. They found that N DNA was similar to Human DNA than to Chimp DNA

Error Analysis
Changed the color of sub and verb in original sentence

The comparison is incorrect

POE
Have found - recently past discovered this fact
Found - happened in the past and no bearing in the current state
might find - possibility - not talked in the sentence

So the perfect comparison and correct verb is used in D. Rest all have incorrect verb or Comparison.
Expert Post
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2012
Posts: 1096
Followers: 73

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 101

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2013, 07:58
Expert's post
debayan222 wrote:
OA:D...

Pretty easy one Shradhha I think...

Please get us through some really challenging ones...

btw, look forward to seeing a detail discussion on idioms and their usage in GMAT from e-GMAT :)



Hey e-GMAT,
Any update on this guys ? I mean do you have any plan to come up with an article on idioms and their usage and application in GMAT...It would be really helpful I think.

Much appreciate your feedback.
_________________

UPDATED : e-GMAT SC Resources-Consolidated || ALL RC Resources-Consolidated || ALL SC Resources-Consolidated || UPDATED : AWA compilations-109 Analysis of Argument Essays || NEW !!! GMAC's IR Prep Tool

GMAT Club guide - OG 11-12-13 || Veritas Blog || Manhattan GMAT Blog


KUDOS please, if you like the post or if it helps :-)

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2012
Posts: 64
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 9

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2013, 12:21
A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA-not parallel. to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp.-Wrong. Again comparing Neanderthal DNA to human and chimp.
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s.Wrong. Not clear what is being compared
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA.- Correct. All parts are parallel and comparison is also correct.
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA. wrong Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA. what is more similar to Neanderthal DNA. Not clear.
_________________

giving kudos is the best thing you can do for me..

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Jun 2011
Posts: 165
WE 1: Information Technology(Retail)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 29

Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2013, 21:07
IMO D,

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA- incorrect comparison.
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA- Correct comparison
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 899
Schools: University of Chicago, Wharton School
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 6

GMAT Tests User
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 16 Mar 2013, 21:25
egmat wrote:
Happy Monday!! I hope by now you would have read the brand new article on Ellipsis. Now try your hand at this brand new SC question:
Image

After comparing the Neanderthal DNA to the same stretch of DNA from human mitochondria and to equivalent chimpanzee DNA, geneticists have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than chimp DNA.

A. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp DNA
B. might find that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human than chimp
C. have found that the Neanderthal’s was more similar to human’s than chimp’s
D. have found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar to human DNA than to chimp DNA
E. found that the Neanderthal DNA was more similar than human DNA and chimp DNA

OA and OE will be posted after some initial discussion. I look forward to wonderful explanations from you.

- Shraddha


D: Not too difficult..

Compare between/among Neanderthal DNA and human DNA and chimp DNA

That's only in D.....
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 1484
Followers: 210

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question [#permalink] New post 06 May 2014, 08:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Fresh Ellipsis Question   [#permalink] 06 May 2014, 08:59
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Experts publish their posts in the topic Engadget Report - fresh SC question egmat 13 28 Aug 2013, 05:46
Fresh Verbal GMAT Practice Questions kirstik 0 20 Aug 2013, 08:51
4 Experts publish their posts in the topic A fresh 700 level bold face question egmat 8 15 Jan 2013, 21:42
Fresh questions in GMATPrep Software jallenmorris 5 12 Aug 2008, 14:06
ellipsis bmwhype2 1 30 Aug 2007, 21:29
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Fresh Ellipsis Question

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.