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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while

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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 06:01
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A
B
C
D
E

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Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.

It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 11:54
B or D and I would choose D...

A - too extreme.

C- Passage talks about Freud's theories, not Freud's place

E - Passage does not mention financial support anywhere.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 14:11
same reasoning, D out of B & D.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 17:47
I dont think we can reexamine the theories of Freud because they had nothing to do with the biological behavior.

I pick B for this reason over D.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 17:50
My pick is D.

The passage says "Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago." The implication is that Freud formulated his theory before we understood what we do today about the links between biology and human behaviour. Therefore, the author would tend to agree that we should re-evaluate his theories in light of the new evidence.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 18:25
B

"while brilliant for their day" makes C and D out, I guess.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2005, 18:26
"B" does not mention anything about "thought" & "emotion", it only says about "behavior".

My answer will be "D"

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 [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2005, 00:03
I will go for A.

"It would be foolish........" sounds extreme enough for me.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2005, 08:30
Definitely D here. The conclusion includes the words "parroting Freud's theories" meaning mindless repeating.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2005, 08:39
B for me...

here we need to focus on psychological theories vs biological emperical evidence...

so it boils down to psychology vs biology....


the last sentence, which is the conclusion if you can call it...

"It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred"

clearly refers to "Freud’s psychological theories ".... not just Freuds' theories..
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2005, 14:39
I might be wrong but my feeling goes with A.

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 [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2005, 16:36
(D)

Author is stating that Freud's theory was brilliant in its time. At the same time, Author is saying it will be foolish parroting Freud's theory in current time.
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2005, 14:01
There's no need to re-examine Freud's theory, that's why I think B is right.
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 [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2005, 14:24
D for me, and here is why,

A is wrong, because it is too extreme.
B is wrong. The argument is only questioning the continued reliance on Freud, and is not aiming for an increased reliance of biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
C is wrong, as Freud's place in the the history of psychology is not discussed
E is not stated or suggested.

D can be inferred from the last statement in the passage - "It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred"
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 [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2005, 04:25
OA is D.
  [#permalink] 10 Sep 2005, 04:25
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