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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while [#permalink]
07 Sep 2005, 07:01
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Freudâ€™s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this centuryâ€™s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freudâ€™s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freudâ€™s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freudâ€™s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freudâ€™s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry
The passage says "Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago." The implication is that Freud formulated his theory before we understood what we do today about the links between biology and human behaviour. Therefore, the author would tend to agree that we should re-evaluate his theories in light of the new evidence.
A is wrong, because it is too extreme.
B is wrong. The argument is only questioning the continued reliance on Freud, and is not aiming for an increased reliance of biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
C is wrong, as Freud's place in the the history of psychology is not discussed
E is not stated or suggested.
D can be inferred from the last statement in the passage - "It would be foolish to continue parroting Freudâ€™s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred"
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