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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while

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Freud s theories of the workings of the mind, while [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2009, 04:31
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A
B
C
D
E

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45% (02:08) correct 55% (01:42) wrong based on 102 sessions
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2009, 06:11
IMO B
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2009, 07:30
IMO D
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2009, 09:59
B for me.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2009, 20:57
clear D. The author will favor the reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology, because Freud's studies are not up-to-date.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 19 Oct 2009, 23:35
I would also say D
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 08:26
a,c,e are clearly out..b is too specific..d IMO..OA plss..
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 09:32
I think the correct answer is D.
Please send the OA.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 18:49
D
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 20:28
what is the OA?
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2009, 21:30
Would like to go with B
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2009, 03:50
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor

(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories()no reason to believe the author wants this. too extreme.
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behaviorthis option is basically the same as the option A
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychologythe author acknowledges the brilliance of freud in the 1st sent.. so this one is out!
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biologyvoila!
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2009, 05:24
would like to go with B.
OA please..
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2009, 22:33
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noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


OA (from another thread) is D

B cannot be correct because we see no evidence that this is the case. For all we know, the advances in biochem and neurophys debunked Freud, but are still worse than today's version of psychology. We just can't properly infer B.

We can, however, get D. The beginning of the passage is implying that Freud was great, but not as great as we thought, and that we need to reexamine our evaluation of his theories (thanks to advances in science).

Remember, we only hear about biochem et. al. in relation to Freud's theories. Claiming B from this passage is just too much of a stretch.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2009, 02:47
IMO B.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 14 Nov 2009, 19:20
Expert's post
D, for reasons offered by barakhaiev and Ludacrispat26.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 13 May 2011, 02:41
B and D both are a little far from being inferred from the argument directly.
Since conclusion says that we need not parrot Freud's theory,then new theories are existing indicates we should rely on new insights.

thus B wins based on authors subtle assumption here.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 19 May 2011, 09:20
i think D is the correct answer mainly because of the conclusion.

B is incorrect because it pits biology v/s psychology which is not what the author conveys.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 19 May 2011, 09:47
D is the clear answer for me.
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Re: Freud [#permalink] New post 19 May 2011, 10:32
noboru wrote:
Freud’s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this century’s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freud’s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freud’s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freud’s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freud’s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry


The author's argument is suggesting that biological components are better indicator for determining human behavior. Thus, he is promoting biological aspects for determining behavior over psychological theories. His intention is not to undermine or debunk Freud's theories for he thinks those were great 80 years back; thus ordering a reexamination would be less likely.

Ans: "B"
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Re: Freud   [#permalink] 19 May 2011, 10:32
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