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From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be [#permalink]
22 Jan 2010, 23:42

00:00

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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:00) correct
23% (01:35) wrong based on 76 sessions

From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be randomly selected. What is the probability that equal numbers of boys and girls will be selected?

prob of not having eq no's is = prob of having 3 Boys and 1 girl or prob of having 3 girls and 1 boy =(1* 3/15) +(3/15 * 1)=2/5

reqd prob= 1-2/5=3/5

In this case it's easier to calculate directly what is asked. Equal # of boys and girls out of 4 means 2 boys and 2 girls.

From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be randomly selected. What is the probability that equal numbers of boys and girls will be selected? A. 1/10 B. 4/9 C. 1/2 D. 3/5 E. 2/3

Here we are counting the probability of BBGG, this combination can occur in different # of ways: BGBG, GGBB, ... Total # of ways would be the # permutations of the letters BBGG, which is \(\frac{4!}{2!2!}\).

Re: Probability problem [#permalink]
24 Oct 2010, 23:14

1

This post received KUDOS

Merging similar topics ....

monirjewel wrote:

From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be randomly selected. What is the probability that equal number of boys and girls will be selected?

Total ways to pick children = C(6,4) = 15

Ways to pick 2 boys & 2 girls = C(3,2) x C(3,2) = 9

Re: From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be [#permalink]
14 Jan 2015, 00:44

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Re: From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be [#permalink]
27 Feb 2015, 13:15

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

Hi LaxAvenger,

You COULD calculate the answer to this question using 'probability math', but the calculation would be far MORE complicated than what you wrote down. Here's how it would work....

First, you have to account for all of the different 'ways' to get 2 boys and 2 girls. Assuming that the children are chosen one at a time, here are the options that "fit" what we're looking for:

BBGG BGBG BGGB GBBG GBGB GGBB

Using the first example, here is the probability of THAT EXACT sequence occurring: BBGG = (3/6)(2/5)(3/4)(2/3) = 36/360 = 1/10

Each of the other 5 options will yield the exact SAME probability.... eg BGBG = (3/6)(3/5)(2/4)(2/3) = 36/360 = 1/10

So we have 6 different options that each produce a 1/10 chance of occurring.

Re: From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be [#permalink]
28 Feb 2015, 01:32

Expert's post

vaivish1723 wrote:

From a group of 3 boys and 3 girls, 4 children are to be randomly selected. What is the probability that equal numbers of boys and girls will be selected?

A. 1/10 B. 4/9 C. 1/2 D. 3/5 E. 2/3

Total children = 6 We need 2 boys and 2 girls. Total ways of selecting boys = 3C2 = 3 Total ways of selecting girls = 3C2 = 3 Total ways of selecting 4 children = 6C4 = 15

Required probability = (3 * 3)/15 = 3/5 Hence option D.

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