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From Knewton The couturier hired a consultant who advised

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From Knewton The couturier hired a consultant who advised [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2011, 14:45
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5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:35) correct 18% (00:14) wrong based on 28 sessions

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From Knewton
The couturier hired a consultant who advised that the increasing of risks of failure for those in the fashion industry has prompted many young designers to seek an international customer base in order to sell their clothes more quickly and for a higher price.

(A)the increasing of risks

(B)increasing risks

(C) the increasing risk

(D)because of the increasing risk

(E)because of increasing risk

[Reveal] Spoiler: My question
In regards to this question I have a few questions:

The increasing of risks of failure.

Is the -ing form + of always an incorrect form grammatically ?

Knewton explains D and E as follows:
Choices D and E use because, which introduces a subordinate clause. However, the second part of the sentence does not make sense as a subordinate clause; the second sentence pattern becomes a fragment..

Is this (below) the right understanding ?

...who advised that (is an dependant clause).... because of increasing risk (because introduces another dependent clause)?

If you pick E, is the structure of the entire sentence.

The courier (subject) hired (main verb)=> Independent clause + dependent clause + dependent clause ?
Is this above a structurally grammatical error ?

how are the rules,

For example is it ok to structure a sentence: dependent + independent + dependent ?

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Dependent vs. Independent? Fragment ? [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2011, 15:59
Expert's post
hafgola wrote:
From Knewton
The couturier hired a consultant who advised that the increasing of risks of failure for those in the fashion industry has prompted many young designers to seek an international customer base in order to sell their clothes more quickly and for a higher price.

(A)the increasing of risks

(B)increasing risks

(C) the increasing risk

(D)because of the increasing risk

(E)because of increasing risk

[Reveal] Spoiler: My question
In regards to this question I have a few questions:

The increasing of risks of failure.

Is the -ing form + of always an incorrect form grammatically ?

Knewton explains D and E as follows:
Choices D and E use because, which introduces a subordinate clause. However, the second part of the sentence does not make sense as a subordinate clause; the second sentence pattern becomes a fragment..

Is this (below) the right understanding ?

...who advised that (is an dependant clause).... because of increasing risk (because introduces another dependent clause)?

If you pick E, is the structure of the entire sentence.

The courier (subject) hired (main verb)=> Independent clause + dependent clause + dependent clause ?
Is this above a structurally grammatical error ?

how are the rules,

For example is it ok to structure a sentence: dependent + independent + dependent ?

We don't teach with these fancy subordinate clauses, but here's how we think through it:

"the increasing of risks" is automatically a RED FLAG idiom.

It should be either:
increasing risk (C)
or
increasing risks (B)

But how do we know which one? Is it singular or plural?

Well, look further into the sentence for the keyword: "has prompted"

So you know it must be singular, NOT plural.

So between (B) and (C), you choose "increasing risk" (singular) HAS prompted.

And that's it. Choose (C). Not too much thinking required.
_________________
Re: Dependent vs. Independent? Fragment ?   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2011, 15:59
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From Knewton The couturier hired a consultant who advised

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