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From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the

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From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 20 May 2008, 18:23
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96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 20 May 2008, 19:00
Answer is D = or is it C. I'm inclining towards D
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2010, 11:35
one vote for D.. it solves modifier issues
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2010, 13:03
C is wrong.

Knowledge that scientists know is completely redundant. Knowledge that scientists have, maybe.
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2010, 10:30
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Lots of modifier issues going on here to make up one awkward honker of a sentence.

"Which" is one of those "red flag" words for me on SC questions-- as soon as I see it, I check to make sure it's being used correctly...often it's not. Remember that ", which" should be immediately preceded by the thing that is being modified. In this case, "the cranium" clearly is intended to refer to the "bony house of the brain." You might make an argument for "of the brain" being a necessary modifier to the meaning of "bony house," but as currently written the pronoun could be referring to the brain itself--at best we're in muddy waters. This construction is doubly awkward because the phrase is followed by *another* modifier --"located in the back of the skull." Yuck.

Choices B and C, both of which begin with "The knowledge," have different verbs -- "come" versus "comes." "The knowledge" is singular, so lose B. "The knowledge that scientists KNOW" is redundant so C's out too.

Not only is E wordier than D, it also uses the relative pronoun "this" without something attached to to it. The GMAT doesn't like "this" or "that" floating around unattached (though we use both terms this way all the time in real life)--E is out. D is what's left standing: the phrases explaining what the cranium is and where it is located are merged into one nice clean modifier and placed immediately after the word "cranium."
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 16:37
D Modifier - bony house modifies Cranium... yeaahhhh GMAT here we come!
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 18:51
+1 for D.

Good explanation by parker.

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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2011, 04:41
sondenso wrote:
96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains


D - should be the OA

A - Awkward original sentence
B - dangling modfiers
C - "knowledge that scientists know" reptition
E - "and it is from studies of this that" - lot of dangling pronouns.
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Re: SC.Prep.Cranium [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2011, 01:08
sondenso wrote:
96. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.

A. From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the cranium, located in the back of the skull, come what scientists know about dinosaur brains.
B. The knowledge of dinosaur brains that scientists have come from studies of the bony house of the brain, located in the back of the skull, that is, the cranium
C. The knowledge that scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the bony house of the brain, which is located in the back of the skull and is called the cranium
D. What scientists know about dinosaur brains comes from studies of the cranium, the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull
E. Located in the back of the skull is the cranium, the bony house of the brain, and it is from studies of this that scientists know what they know about dinosaur brains


D corrects all modifier issues.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2011, 05:50
D or C,
Knowledge .. Knows ---> C goind
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 02 Nov 2011, 06:14
IMO-D,

Can someone confirm the OA?
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2011, 07:43
The noun modifier "the bony house of the brain located in the back of the skull" is correctly used in D.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 03 Nov 2011, 17:21
D ... although i think it begins in an awkward manner starting with "what". but it is the only one that makes sense all the way through.
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2014, 21:05
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Re: From studies of the bony house of the brain, which is the   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2014, 21:05
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