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G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan

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G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan [#permalink] New post 02 May 2007, 19:10
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A
B
C
D
E

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G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.

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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 00:31
E ?
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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 01:27
I think it B.
as this is only the choice which shows any kind of bias.
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 01:45
AimHigher wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.
This statement talks about an artist in general and does not weakens G's allegation. Hence eliminate this choice

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

This , at best , shows that there is a bias and hence strengthens g's allegation. Hence eliminate it

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

This choice is out of the scope of the argument

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

This lends support to G' allegation. Hence eliminate

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.


This is correct choice.
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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 03:00
(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.

How this can be the best choice....how this previous year’s data can prove that there was a bias.
It only shows that previous year the bias was in favor of paintings and sculptures:-D
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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 09:11
B is the only choice which shows some sort of bias towards photographers. Hence it has to be the correct answer. What is the OA?
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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 09:37
Clear B.
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 09:43
javed wrote:
AimHigher wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.
This statement talks about an artist in general and does not weakens G's allegation. Hence eliminate this choice

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

This , at best , shows that there is a bias and hence strengthens g's allegation. Hence eliminate it

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

This choice is out of the scope of the argument

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

This lends support to G' allegation. Hence eliminate

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.


This is correct choice.


Its B. I just miss read the question at first, silly me

Javed.

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 [#permalink] New post 03 May 2007, 19:01
Yes it is straight B.

I mis read and chose D.

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 [#permalink] New post 04 May 2007, 19:25
why is it B? I understand that charging the others more is a form of bias - but it just doesn't seem like the right kind of bias to me.


how does that affect how many works get exhibited if the criteria for judging is the same and if equal entries were made from all three media?
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 [#permalink] New post 04 May 2007, 20:54
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.

I agree with gmatiscoming. B can't be the "straight answer". There definitely is a bias when it comes to entering the work. But, it doesn't govern the method of choosing the work that would be exhibited. None of the answers make sense as a right answer.

A comes close though. If a work is exhibited, the artist would make money and part of that money would go to the art gallery. It could be possible that photographs fetch more money than the other forms of art do and hence would make the gallery more money. Hence the bias.

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 [#permalink] New post 04 May 2007, 22:04
shoonya wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.

I agree with gmatiscoming. B can't be the "straight answer". There definitely is a bias when it comes to entering the work. But, it doesn't govern the method of choosing the work that would be exhibited. None of the answers make sense as a right answer.

A comes close though. If a work is exhibited, the artist would make money and part of that money would go to the art gallery. It could be possible that photographs fetch more money than the other forms of art do and hence would make the gallery more money. Hence the bias.
Shoonya, assuming thing of CR could be a big trouble in GMAT. B shows that photographers were charged $25 and scluptures and painters were charged $75 and hence we can say that there is bias. Chocie A talks about artist (it could be photoghapher,sclupture or painter)in general and hence incorrect choice.

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 [#permalink] New post 04 May 2007, 22:42
what is the OA?

Except C), each one of the choice look to me like potential correct answer through weak inferences.
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 [#permalink] New post 04 May 2007, 22:51
OA is B

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 [#permalink] New post 05 May 2007, 05:54
buffetfollower wrote:
what is the OA?

Except C), each one of the choice look to me like potential correct answer through weak inferences.


(A) The artist who has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show is at an advantage. It could well be that there are more painters than photographers have their works exhibited.

(B) The fee for entering photographs is $25 for photorapher and $75 for painting or sculpture artist. Therefore it is an incentive for photographers to apply and handicap for painters to apply. As you already mentioned, clear the best answer!

(C) Irrelevant, the commitee seems to be quite equal!

(D) It is about the newspaper or the public opinion or preference and not about the commitee or painters/photographs, irrelevant!

(E) This strenghens the argument that paintings and sculptures are at an advantage, weakens the argument, therefore wrong!
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2008, 11:02
AimHigher wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.


The OA is B (fyi, this question is from LSAT kaplan book, medium difficulty section)

Conclusion: There was bias in favor of photographers
Evidance: More photos were exhibited despite = # of submissions
Question: Support the conclusion

I selected B but have a problem with that answer.
I agree that B supports the conclusion that there was bias, but B does not utilize any evidence that was provided in the passage. B omits all the evidence for and against the conclusion.

Unless I miss something here, I conclude that some GMAT/LSAT questions do not require you to use evidence provided in the passege.

What do you guys say?
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2008, 11:14
snaps wrote:
AimHigher wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.


The OA is B (fyi, this question is from LSAT kaplan book, medium difficulty section)

Conclusion: There was bias in favor of photographers
Evidance: More photos were exhibited despite = # of submissions
Question: Support the conclusion

I selected B but have a problem with that answer.
I agree that B supports the conclusion that there was bias, but B does not utilize any evidence that was provided in the passage. B omits all the evidence for and against the conclusion.

Unless I miss something here, I conclude that some GMAT/LSAT questions do not require you to use evidence provided in the passege.

What do you guys say?


snaps, weaken/strengthen questions can bring in some outside information ... Yes, some GMAT questions may not require us to use the premises of the passage .... But they are required to understand the argument.....

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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2008, 11:19
snaps wrote:
AimHigher wrote:
G: The group of works exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show reveals a bias in favor of photographers. Equal numbers of photographers, sculptors, and painters submitted works that met the traditional criteria for the show, yet more photographs were exhibited than either sculptures or paintings. As you know, each artist was allowed to submit work in one medium only.

H: How could there have been bias? All submitted works that met the traditional criteria-and only those works-were exhibited in the show.


Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports G¡'s allegation of bias?

(A) If an artist has had one of his or her works exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show, that artist has an advantage in getting commissions and selling works over artists who have never had a work exhibited in the show.

(B) The fee for entering photographs in the Metropolitan Art Show was $25 per work submitted, while the fee for each painting or sculpture submitted was $75.

(C) The committee that selected from the submitted works the ones to be exhibited in this year's Metropolitan Art Show had four members: one photographer, on sculptor, one painter, and one who works in all three media but is the least known of the four members.

(D) Reviews of this year's Metropolitan Art Show that appeared in major newspapers and magazines tended to give more coverage to the photographs in the show than to the sculptures and paintings that were exhibited.

(E) in previous years, it has often happened that more paintings or more sculptures were exhibited in the Metropolitan Art Show than photographs, even though the total number of works exhibited each year does not vary widely.


The OA is B (fyi, this question is from LSAT kaplan book, medium difficulty section)

Conclusion: There was bias in favor of photographers
Evidance: More photos were exhibited despite = # of submissions
Question: Support the conclusion

I selected B but have a problem with that answer.
I agree that B supports the conclusion that there was bias, but B does not utilize any evidence that was provided in the passage. B omits all the evidence for and against the conclusion.

Unless I miss something here, I conclude that some GMAT/LSAT questions do not require you to use evidence provided in the passege.

What do you guys say?



Oh, I think I figured out why the answer B is not based on the evidence from the passage. B has nothing to do with the evidence because evidence of G is neutralized by evidence of H, thus to support G's conclusion of bias we need info from outside! B supplies that info.

How G's evidence in support of the bias is neutralized by H's evidence against the bias:

G's evidence:
equal number of works from each, so x=y=z
x, y, z works submitted
x, y, z works met the criteria
more pics displayed thus we conclude that not all y and z were displayed

H's evidence:
no, all works were displayed , thus G's evidence neutralized by H's evidence

However, we are still required to support the bias (i.e. G) therefore look for info from outside. B provides that info.
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2008, 11:22
amitdgr -- thanks for the info.
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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2008, 20:53
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Notice that G's evidence does NOT say that an equal number of works of each type were submitted. It says that an equal number of ARTISTS of each type submitted works (and that no artist submitted more than one type of work). His second piece of evidence is that more photographic WORKS were displayed than the other types. His conclusion is that there was "bias".

But let's stop and understand what that one-word conclusion really means. It actually means "the proportion of photographic WORKS displayed exceeded the proportion of PHOTOGRAPHERS because of a deliberate action by the organizers". In other words, this is a standard cause-and-effect conclusion, although well hidden. The conclusion is that the organizers' actions CAUSED the disproportionate number of photographs to be displayed.

H weakens this by saying that the organizers did NOT preferentially select photographs over other works; instead, every work submitted that met the criteria was displayed. Thus, he provides another cause for the difference, other than actions by the organizers. This other (proposed) cause is simply that more eligible photographic WORKS were submitted. Providing an alternative cause is, of course, the most common way of weakening a cause-and-effect argument.

So in order to strengthen G again, we need a fact which says that the organizers' actions did cause, or could have caused, the disproportion. BUT this fact must be consistent with all the evidence that already exists! So we are NOT actually ignoring the evidence; we must fully recognize it and accept it. That is, we must find a fact which not only makes the organizers' actions a probable cause of the disproportion, but also does NOT contradict any of G's or H's evidence.

Clearly, only B does this.

This LSAT-type question would be somewhat rare on the GMAT. The GMAT usually makes cause-and-effect conclusions easier to see and understand than this one is.

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Re: CR: Metropolitan Art Show   [#permalink] 29 Oct 2008, 20:53
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