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Gamba: Mu oz claims that the Southwest Hopeville Neighbors

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Gamba: Mu oz claims that the Southwest Hopeville Neighbors [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2012, 04:27
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Question Stats:

100% (02:31) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 26 sessions
Gamba: Muñoz claims that the Southwest Hopeville Neighbors Association overwhelmingly opposes the new water system, citing this as evidence of citywide opposition. The association did pass a resolution opposing the new water system, but only 25 of 350 members voted, with 10 in favor of the system. Furthermore, the 15 opposing votes represent far less than 1 percent of Hopeville’s population. One should not assume that so few votes represent the view of the majority of Hopeville’s residents.

Of the following, which one most accurately describes
Gamba’s strategy of argumentation?

(A) questioning a conclusion based on the results of
a vote, on the grounds that people with certain
views are more likely to vote

(B) questioning a claim supported by statistical data
by arguing that statistical data can be
manipulated to support whatever view the
interpreter wants to support

(C) attempting to refute an argument by showing
that, contrary to what has been claimed, the
truth of the premises does not guarantee the
truth of the conclusion

(D) criticizing a view on the grounds that the view
is based on evidence that is in principle
impossible to disconfirm

(E) attempting to cast doubt on a conclusion by
claiming that the statistical sample on which
the conclusion is based is too small to be
dependable
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Re: Gamba: Muñoz claims that the Southwest Hopeville.. [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2012, 09:53
Analysis of Argument
Prephrase: Small sample size does not imply the same finding would hold for a larger sample size

(A) questioning a conclusion based on the results of a vote, on the grounds that people with certain views are more likely to vote Likelihood of voting based on views is out of scope of the argument. Incorrect.

(B) questioning a claim supported by statistical data by arguing that statistical data can be manipulated to support whatever view the interpreter wants to support Manipulation of statistical data is not implied, but rather that the samplesize of the data is not large enough. Shell game choice. Incorrect.

(C) attempting to refute an argument by showing that, contrary to what has been claimed, the truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion The problem is that the scope of the premise is not large enough, rather than the validity of the premise->conclusion logic itself. Interesting choice, nonetheless. Incorrect.

(D) criticizing a view on the grounds that the view is based on evidence that is in principle impossible to disconfirm Impossibility of proving is not part of the argument. Out of scope. Incorrect.

(E) attempting to cast doubt on a conclusion by claiming that the statistical sample on which the conclusion is based is too small to be dependable Matches prephrase. Correct.

Thanks Vomhorizon. :)
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Re: Gamba: Muñoz claims that the Southwest Hopeville.. [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2012, 22:24
Expert's post
vomhorizon wrote:
Gamba: Muñoz claims that the Southwest Hopeville Neighbors Association overwhelmingly opposes the new water system, citing this as evidence of citywide opposition. The association did pass a resolution opposing the new water system, but only 25 of 350 members voted, with 10 in favor of the system. Furthermore, the 15 opposing votes represent far less than 1 percent of Hopeville’s population. One should not assume that so few votes represent the view of the majority of Hopeville’s residents.

Of the following, which one most accurately describes
Gamba’s strategy of argumentation?

(A) questioning a conclusion based on the results of
a vote, on the grounds that people with certain
views are more likely to vote

(B) questioning a claim supported by statistical data
by arguing that statistical data can be
manipulated to support whatever view the
interpreter wants to support

(C) attempting to refute an argument by showing
that, contrary to what has been claimed, the
truth of the premises does not guarantee the
truth of the conclusion

(D) criticizing a view on the grounds that the view
is based on evidence that is in principle
impossible to disconfirm

(E) attempting to cast doubt on a conclusion by
claiming that the statistical sample on which
the conclusion is based is too small to be
dependable


"Munoz claims that X opposes Y, citing this as evidence of citywide opposition." In other words, Munoz tells X is representative of the general population of the town.
He gives the evidence, which is too weak.
Conclusion of the argument is that "one should not assume that so few votes represent the view of the majority of Hopeville’s residents."

Only E agrees with the above logic.
+1 E
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Re: Gamba: Muñoz claims that the Southwest Hopeville..   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2012, 22:24
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