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# George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation,

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George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation, [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2009, 04:06
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George Bernard Shaw wrote: " That any sane nation, having observed that you could provide for the supply of bread by giving bakers a pecuniary interest in baking for you, should go on to give a surgeon a pecuniary interest in cutting off your leg is enough to make one despair of political humanity."

Shaw's statement would best serve as an illustration in an argument criticizing which of the following?

(A) Dentists who perform unnecessary dental work in order to earn a profit
(B) Doctors who increase their profits by specializing only in diseases that affect a large percentage of the population
(C) Grocers who raise the price of food in order to increase their profit margins
(D) Oil companies that decrease the price of their oil in order to increase their market share
(E) Bakers and surgeons who earn a profit by supplying other peoples' basic needs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2009, 09:12
Damn tough question because of convoluted language.Let me give a try

I'll go with A

The argument, in a nut shell, says that just because someone gives some incentives for bakers to produce bread, doesn't mean that incentives should be given to surgeons to cut your leg off. So, in effect, it is criticizing the surgeons' work.

So, the answer choice that follows the same reasoning for criticism as offered in the surgeon's case is correct

A, by saying that Dentist's job is unnecessary works in the same fashion

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2009, 00:04
yeah A seems right though on exam day i would have chosen E
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2009, 09:53
Why is not B?
The argument here is that as bread caters to all, doctors are only speacilizing in diseases that cater to all.
I am not sure how performing unnecessary surgery goes with the criticism.

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2009, 00:28
I think the point that is made here is that while a baker will supply bread if there is a monetary reason, it is unethical for a doctor to reason the same way.

I would have gone with A. But A says that the doctor is ripping you off which is not really true. The doctor prefers to treat specific illness (here sarcastically cutting off the leg) because of profit.

It seems that B is the correct answer.
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2009, 11:18
OA is A.
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 07:52
My answer is A. Thanks. A good one!!
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 08:19
I went with A and this was my reasoning behind choosing this ..
The language is pretty convoluted and i could not figure out the analogy . I could only trim it down to Doctors being unreasonable in their demands ...
I was torn between A & E , but went with A on a gut feeling ..
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I am a GMAT rookie and have been preparing for about a week now ..
Can you anyone advise on how to handle such questions ,which take some time analyzing ?
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 12:07
i will go with A too
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 14:07
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The question hisnges on the word pecuniary which means of or pertaining to money.

“That any sane nation, having observed that you could provide for the supply of bread by giving bakers a pecuniary interest in baking for you," this means bakers will only bake bread for you if it in there money making interests. Making bread is profitable.

"should go on to give a surgeon a pecuniary interest in cutting off your leg is enough to make one despair of political humanity.” This means doctors interests in providing you medical attention is linked making them money and not becaue it is the right thing to do, so if cutting off your leg would make them more money then they would cut more legs off not because it medically necessary but becaus it is profitable, which is a sad commentary on human nature.

(B) Doctors who increase their profits by specializing only in diseases that affect a large percentage of the population - This staes the doctor is motivated by money to specialize in certain diseases but it this does not mean he is motivated to misdiagnose

(A) Dentists who perform unnecessary dental work in order to earn a profit - A goes to the heart of the matter perfoming medical procedures for the sake of profit and not medical need.

rnemani wrote:
Why is not B?
The argument here is that as bread caters to all, doctors are only speacilizing in diseases that cater to all.
I am not sure how performing unnecessary surgery goes with the criticism.

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2010, 12:15
The wording initially was pretty brutal but I'd go with A.

It's an argument on monetary motivation being the sole purpose of why individuals perform their jobs. I'm sure that there's no one on this website who has a job that they work only for the money.
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 09:44
This question costs me 2min53!!! Those words are too difficult to follow. "A" for me.
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Last edited by andysimple on 22 Feb 2011, 22:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 09:57
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 10:41
yes i'll also go with A...
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 12:18
I guessed at the 1:30 mark. The wording was tough to understand and I couldn't deduce "pecuniary"
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 16:22
Wow, I hope this wasn't supposed to be an easy question... I had to look up pecuniary to figure it out.

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2011, 21:20
Easy "A" - The question is masquerading by switching terms. "profit margin" instead of profit etc, "increase market share" instead of profit. And then A Vs B - but there is a word "unnecessary" which separates the real answer.
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2011, 11:18
I struggled between A & C. Finally picked A.

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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2011, 15:47
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Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2011, 08:10
Very simple answer .... surgeon cutting legs (ofcourse, unnecessary) is paralle to dentist performing unnecessary dental work.
Re: CR - George Bernard Shaw   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2011, 08:10

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