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GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9

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GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2013, 20:14
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GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9
Field: Arithmetic
Difficulty: 650


Which of the following is a factor of 18!+1?

A. 15
B. 17
C. 19
D. 33
E. 39
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2013, 20:14
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18! and 18!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

Now, since we can factor out each 15, 17, 33=3*11, and 39=3*13 out of 18!, then 15, 17, 33 and 39 ARE factors of 18! and are NOT factors of 18!+1. Therefore only 19 could be a factor of 18!+1.

Answer: C
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2013, 10:11
bb wrote:
GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9
Field: Arithmetic
Difficulty: 650


Which of the following is a factor of 18!+1?

A. 15
B. 17
C. 19
D. 33
E. 39

Solution 1: Because 19 is a prime, applying Wilson's theorem, we have 19 is a factor of (19-1)! + 1 = 18! +1.
Solution 2: We have 15 = 3*5, 33= 3*11, 39 = 3*13. Therefor, 15, 17, 33, 39 are factors of 18! = 1 * 2 *3 * 4 * 5 * ... * 17 * 18. Because 18! +1 and 18! are co-prime, 15, 17,33 and 39 is not a factor of 18! + 1. The answer must be C (19).
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2013, 14:25
bb wrote:
18! and 18!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

Now, since we can factor out each 15, 17, 33=3*11, and 39=3*13 out of 18!, then 15, 17, 33 and 39 ARE factors of 18! and are NOT factors of 18!+1. Therefore only 19 could be a factor of 18!+1.

Answer: C


I Find it difficult to understand the explaination..is there any other way to solve this question... :(
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2013, 00:39
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lindt123 wrote:
bb wrote:
18! and 18!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

Now, since we can factor out each 15, 17, 33=3*11, and 39=3*13 out of 18!, then 15, 17, 33 and 39 ARE factors of 18! and are NOT factors of 18!+1. Therefore only 19 could be a factor of 18!+1.

Answer: C


I Find it difficult to understand the explaination..is there any other way to solve this question... :(


Frankly, solution provided is the easiest from my point of view.

We have that each 15, 17, 33, and 39 IS a factor of 18!, thus NOT a factor of 18!+1. Therefore, only 19 can be a factor of 18!+1. Since one of the options must be correct and we know that A, B, D and E are not, then C must be correct.

Does this make sense?

Check similar questions to practice:
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Hope this helps.
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 05 Jan 2014, 17:17
Bunuel wrote:
lindt123 wrote:
bb wrote:
18! and 18!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

Now, since we can factor out each 15, 17, 33=3*11, and 39=3*13 out of 18!, then 15, 17, 33 and 39 ARE factors of 18! and are NOT factors of 18!+1. Therefore only 19 could be a factor of 18!+1.

Answer: C


I Find it difficult to understand the explaination..is there any other way to solve this question... :(


Frankly, solution provided is the easiest from my point of view.

We have that each 15, 17, 33, and 39 IS a factor of 18!, thus NOT a factor of 18!+1. Therefore, only 19 can be a factor of 18!+1. Since one of the options must be correct and we know that A, B, D and E are not, then C must be correct.

Does this make sense?

Check similar questions to practice:
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is-x-1-a-factor-of-100740.html
if-x-and-y-are-positive-integers-what-is-the-gcf-of-x-and-y-144190.html
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Hope this helps.


Thanx a lot Bunuel...was able to understand better this time..:)
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2014, 00:59
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How 17 is a factor of 18!+1 or 18!?

17 is a prime no. I agree with 15= 5*3, 33=11*3, 39=13*3

Bunuel wrote:
lindt123 wrote:
bb wrote:
18! and 18!+1 are consecutive integers. Two consecutive integers are co-prime, which means that they don't share ANY common factor but 1. For example 20 and 21 are consecutive integers, thus only common factor they share is 1.

Now, since we can factor out each 15, 17, 33=3*11, and 39=3*13 out of 18!, then 15, 17, 33 and 39 ARE factors of 18! and are NOT factors of 18!+1. Therefore only 19 could be a factor of 18!+1.

Answer: C


I Find it difficult to understand the explaination..is there any other way to solve this question... :(


Frankly, solution provided is the easiest from my point of view.

We have that each 15, 17, 33, and 39 IS a factor of 18!, thus NOT a factor of 18!+1. Therefore, only 19 can be a factor of 18!+1. Since one of the options must be correct and we know that A, B, D and E are not, then C must be correct.

Does this make sense?

Check similar questions to practice:
if-a-and-b-are-odd-integers-a-b-represents-the-product-of-144714.html
is-x-1-a-factor-of-100740.html
if-x-and-y-are-positive-integers-what-is-the-gcf-of-x-and-y-144190.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-factor-of-positive-integers-a-126637.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-factor-of-x-and-y-109273.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-divisor-of-positive-integers-m-129802.html
x-and-y-are-positive-integers-such-that-x-8y-12-what-is-the-126743.html
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find-the-number-that-divides-103251.html
if-n-is-the-least-of-3-consecutive-positive-integers-and-128102.html
if-both-x-and-y-are-positive-integers-that-are-divisible-by-119658.html
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for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-is-defi-82314.html
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for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-149722.html
if-n-is-a-positive-integer-greater-than-1-then-p-n-represe-144553.html
if-x-y-and-z-are-3-different-prime-numbers-which-of-the-153338.html

Hope this helps.

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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2014, 01:47
Expert's post
arindamsur wrote:
How 17 is a factor of 18!+1 or 18!?

17 is a prime no. I agree with 15= 5*3, 33=11*3, 39=13*3

Bunuel wrote:
lindt123 wrote:

I Find it difficult to understand the explaination..is there any other way to solve this question... :(


Frankly, solution provided is the easiest from my point of view.

We have that each 15, 17, 33, and 39 IS a factor of 18!, thus NOT a factor of 18!+1. Therefore, only 19 can be a factor of 18!+1. Since one of the options must be correct and we know that A, B, D and E are not, then C must be correct.

Does this make sense?

Check similar questions to practice:
if-a-and-b-are-odd-integers-a-b-represents-the-product-of-144714.html
is-x-1-a-factor-of-100740.html
if-x-and-y-are-positive-integers-what-is-the-gcf-of-x-and-y-144190.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-factor-of-positive-integers-a-126637.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-factor-of-x-and-y-109273.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-divisor-of-positive-integers-m-129802.html
x-and-y-are-positive-integers-such-that-x-8y-12-what-is-the-126743.html
gcd-of-a-b-126427.html
if-a-and-b-are-positive-integers-divisible-by-6-is-6-the-100324.html
if-a-and-b-are-positive-itegers-what-is-the-value-of-a-b-135199.html
is-x-1-a-factor-of-100740.html
find-the-number-that-divides-103251.html
if-n-is-the-least-of-3-consecutive-positive-integers-and-128102.html
if-both-x-and-y-are-positive-integers-that-are-divisible-by-119658.html
what-is-the-greatest-common-divisor-of-positive-integers-m-129802.html
for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-is-defi-82314.html
if-a-b-and-c-are-positive-integers-with-a-b-c-85644.html
x-is-the-product-of-all-even-numbers-from-2-to-50-inclusive-156545.html
for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-is-126691.html
for-every-positive-even-integer-n-the-function-h-n-149722.html
if-n-is-a-positive-integer-greater-than-1-then-p-n-represe-144553.html
if-x-y-and-z-are-3-different-prime-numbers-which-of-the-153338.html

Hope this helps.


Please rad carefully: each 15, 17, 33, and 39 IS a factor of 18!, thus NOT a factor of 18!+1.

17 is a factor of 18! because 18! contains 17 as a multiple: 18! = 1*2*3*...*17*18.
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NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9 [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2014, 02:20
Thank you Bunuel sir for open my eyes.
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Re: GMAT Diagnostic Test Question 9   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2014, 02:20
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