This post is a part of [GMAT GRAMMAR BOOK
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Exercise 1: Identifying Subject, Verb, Complement and Modifier
|2||Mr. Johnson||drinks||coffee||every morning.|
|4||The dog||chased||the cat||up the tree.|
|6||Jimmy||scored||a goal||at the soccer match||last Saturday.|
|8||Bill, George and Alice||bought||CDs||at the music store||today.|
|9||The barrel||rolled||down the hill.|
Exercise 2: Identifying Count and Non-Count Nounsminute
Exercise 3: Using Articles
1. John is wearing ___a
___ baseball cap today.
__ chair is ___a
___ useful piece of furniture.
__ chairs in __the
__ living room are antiques.
4. She cried when she peeled __the
___ onion. (Depends if onion is being referred to specifically or generally.)
__ women like to wear ___Ø
____ jewelry. (Depends if women are being referred to specifically or generally.)
___ jewelry that my sister wears is made of ___Ø
7. When you look at __the
___ moon, you can see ___a
___ hour ago I saw ___a
___ eagle flying overhead.
___ life can be fun, but sometimes there are ___Ø
____ last time I saw ____a
____ bear, I was travelling in ___Ø
Exercise 4: Using Other
1. I received two gifts for my birthday. One was from my parents. __The other
__ one was from my brother.
2. This pie is fantastic! Can I have ___another
3. These pants don’t fit well. Let me try ___the other
4. I have a large stamp collection. The stamps in this section are from the United States. ___Others
___ are from ___other
___ places in the world.
5. Joshua likes to wear Nike shoes. He won’t wear any ___other
6. I’m almost finished with my homework. I just need ___another
___ ten minutes.
7. John, Melissa and I are going to the movies. ___The others
___ are going to the Craft Fair.
8. This house is brand new. ___The other
___ house is really old.
9. We like to swim. ___Others
____ like to surf, and still ___others
___ like to ski.
10. You can buy this shirt and ___another
____ one. Which ___other
____ would you like?
Exercise 5: Determining Quantity
1. Joan drank __________ sodas.
b. a few
c. [strike]hardly any[/strike]
f. a lot of
g. a great deal of
h. [strike]too much[/strike]
j. a number of
k. too many
l. [strike]a little[/strike]
2. Randy drank _________ coffee.
b. [strike]a few[/strike]
c. hardly any
f. a lot of
g. a great deal of
h. too much
j. [strike]a number of[/strike]
k. [strike]too many[/strike]
l. a little
Exercise 6: Using the Present Tense Forms of Verbs
1. John ___is sleeping
___ (sleep) on the couch at the moment.
2. My dad always ___sits
___ (sit) in that chair.
3. I ___like
___ (like) to go to the movies on the weekends.
4. The children ___are playing
___ (play) at the neighbor’s house today.
5. The company ___is building
___ (build) a new store.
6. Water ___washes
___ (wash) away dirt.
7. My little brother ___has eaten
___ (eat) all the candy! It’s all gone!
8. Jane ___is reading
___ (read) her favorite book now.
9. Those boys ___have scared
___ (scare) that cat many times before.
10. My wife and I ___cry
___ (cry) when we watch sad movies.
Exercise 7: Using the Past Tense Forms of Verbs
1. She ___was talking
___ (talk) on the phone when the door bell rang.
2. Yesterday, I ___caught
___ (catch) a big fish on our camping trip.
3. Our group ___hiked
___ (hike) the full length of the Inca Trail last week.
4. The bear ___had climbed
___ (climb) a tree before the dogs got there.
5. The sky diver ___was falling
___ (fall) very fast when the parachute opened.
6. My grandparents ___had arrived
___ (arrive) before I returned from school.
7. I ___read
___ (read) that story last year in literature class.
8. Mary ___was watching
__ (watch) a movie when her aunt called from New York.
9. Jason ___was fishing
___ (fish) in the pond when he saw a big snake.
10. The plumber ___found
___ (find) the source of the water leak.
Exercise 8: Using the Future Tense of Verbs
1. Steve, Lucy and I __will be going
__ (go) to Harvard University this fall.
2. I __will have started
___ (start) classes by the time Rachel returns from Europe.
3. Rachel __will join
___ (join) me in class when she returns.
4. I __will be thinking
___ (think) about Rachel until she returns safely.
5. My cat __will be crying
__ (cry) when I get home because she is hungry.
6. Our dog, Rufus, __will travel
__ (travel) with us this summer.
7. My letter __will have arrived
__ (arrive) to Rita by the time I get there.
8. The pilot said that it __will be raining
__ (rain) when we arrive in Brazil.
9. My sister __will marry
__ (marry) this coming June.
10. Tom __will have eaten
__ (eat) three hamburgers when he finishes this one.
Exercise 9: Using the Perfect Continuous Tense of Verbs
1. John __will have been hunting
__ (hunt) for six hours when the sun goes down.
2. Sally and Mary __have been playing
__ (play) together for three hours.
3. Our fans __had been cheering
__ (cheer) until the other team scored.
4. Ralph and I __have been shopping
__ (shop) all day.
5. The truck __had been making
__ (make) bad noises until we got it fixed.
6. All the turkey __will have been eaten
__ (eat) by the time we arrive.
Exercise 10: Using Say and Tell
1. Jason __told
__ his friend to shut up.
2. Jane __said
__ that she is feeling sick.
3. My English teacher __said
__ that I’m learning quickly.
4. The driver __said
__, “I’ll pick you up at the airport.”
5. Please, __tell
__ me where to find the washing detergent.
6. The angry mother __said
__, “ I __told
__ you not to do that!”
7. I heard Peter __say
__ that he was going out with Becky tonight.
8. The security guard __told
__ me to get off the stage.
__ me the story again!
10. Will you __tell
__ John to meet me after work?
Exercise 11: Using Know and Know How
1. The boys __know how
__ to catch rabbits with snares.
2. Do you __know how
__ to get to the airport from here?
3. I didn’t __know
__ that Jenny was pregnant.
4. I am amazed that Jack __knows
__ where to go from here.
5. Some primitive tribes __knew how
__ to perform surgery long ago.
Exercise 12: Using Need
1. I need __to finish
__ (finish) my homework.
2. The bus needs to be __filled
__ (fill) with gas.
3. Mary’s garden needs __watering
4. The thief needs to be __punished
5. Harold will need __to make
__ (make) extra cash for his trip.
6. This problem needs __solving
7. Nancy needs __to wash
__ (wash) the dishes soon.
8. The crops need to be __harvested
__ (harvest) before it rains.
9. Stacy and I need __to move
__ (move) to another apartment.
10. That hole in the road needs __filling
Exercise 13: Using Raise/Rise, Set/Sit and Lay/Lie
1. Hens (lay
, lie) eggs.
2. Janice (set
, sat) the table for dinner.
3. Janice (set, sat
) at the table for dinner.
4. Mrs. Smith (raises
, rises) a garden every year.
5. I (laid
, lay) my wallet on top of the dresser.
6. The ability to succeed (lies
, lays) within you.
7. The old lady (set, sat
) on the bench because she was tired.
8. Hot air (raises, rises
9. When I get tired, I (lay, lie
) down and take a nap.
10. Jennifer (raised, rose
) from her seat to pick up her test paper.
Exercise 14: Subject/Verb Agreement
1. The daughter of my best friend (has
/have) won the spelling competition.
2. The geese that fly south for the winter (is/are
) nesting around the lake.
3. The mayor, together with his wife, (is
/are) attending the inaugural ball.
4. John and his wife Mary will (has/have
) been married seven year tomorrow.
5. Police cars, which are old and outdated, (is/are
) being auctioned off today.
6. Earthquakes around the ring of fire (has/have
) been more frequent lately.
7. Joan of Arc, who led many Frenchmen in revolution, (was
/were) the subject of my report.
8. The jury, which has been deliberating the Johnson trial, (has
/have) been ordered to make a decision soon.
9. The grandson of the late Mr. Hopkins (has
/have) inherited the billionaire’s estate.
10. Michele, along with Sam and Justin, (is
/are) coming for my birthday party.
Exercise 15: Using Pronouns
1. I think (he
, his, him) is a great teacher.
2. Jason had to get (he, him, himself
) ready for school today.
3. That yellow cat over there is (me, mine
4. The snake bit (we, us, our
) horse on (it, it’s, its
5. Joanne and (I
, me) don’t want to go to (him, his
, he) party.
6. I can’t believe that (you, your
) mother doesn’t like (our, ours
7. John thought that (he
, his, him) could do the job by (hisself, himself
8. The cute boy speaks to (she, her
) every morning as (they
, them, themselves) walk to school.
9. All of (we, us
) boy scouts are going camping this weekend.
, Her) scolded (she, her
) dog for ruining (it, its
, it’s) new toy.
Exercise 16: Creating Embedded Questions
1. Who has seen the new vampire movie?
I’d like to know __who has seen the new vampire movie
2. How do you do this algebra homework?
Could you tell me __how to do this algebra homework
3. Where can I find that new fantasy book?
Tell me __where I can find that new fantasy book
4. When will the train arrive?
The travel updates __show when the train will arrive
5. Why is Sally crying?
Do you have any idea __why Sally is crying
Exercise 17: Creating Tag Questions
1. You’re learning English quickly, __aren’t you
2. Tommy is going to the party with us, __isn’t he
3. Tom and Andy will be coming to the movies with us, __won’t they
4. It’s a great time of the year for a vacation, __isn’t it
5. There isn’t any pizza left from last night, __is there
6. We’ve already taken that test, __haven’t we
7. Yvette is going to Peru this year, __isn’t she
8. There’s plenty of room left in the bus, __isn’t there
9. They shouldn’t be playing around that area, __should they
10. You have been to Washington D.C., __haven’t you
Exercise 18: Using Adjectives and Adverbs
1. They sing (good, well
2. Ellen’s chocolate cake is (delicious
, deliciously). __AJ
3. The students speak (fluent
, fluently) English. __AJ
4. The students speak English (fluent, fluently
5. This is an (awesome
, awesomely) painting. __AJ
6. The lady at the opera sang (beautiful, beautifully
7. (Incredible, Incredibly
), the baby survived the plane crash. __AV
8. That is a (considerable
, considerably) fee to enter the game. __AJ
9. The fee is (considerable, considerably
) more than I expected. __AV
10. He needs to swim (fast, fastly
) in order to beat the champion. __AV
Exercise 19: Using Conjunctions in Parallel Structure
1. Sally [highlight]and[/highlight] Randy went to the dance together. ______nouns
2. The children played lively [highlight]and[/highlight] energetically. ______adverbs
3. Johnny is jumping [highlight]and[/highlight] bouncing on the trampoline. _____ verbs
4. Margaret has lost her earrings [highlight]but[/highlight] not her bracelet. ______nouns
5. That color isn’t really brown, orange, [highlight]or[/highlight] red. ______adjectives
Exercise 20: Identifying Prepositions and Objects of Prepositions
1. The dragon blew fire at (P) the knight (OP)
2. Yesterday, I saw Kathy at (P) the store (OP) around (P) the corner (OP)
3. The scared rabbit ran under (P) the porch (OP)
4. In (P) the beginning (OP)
, John was nervous about (P) the test (OP)
5. The eggs were broken in (P) the carton (OP)
6. Sally hurt her knee on (P) the ice (OP) from (P) the fall (OP)
7. Children love to play in (P) the snow (OP)
8. The band played passionately to (P) the fans (OP) at (P) the stadium (OP)
9. The medics rushed the patient down (P) the hall (OP) into (P) the emergency room (OP)
10. Carla and Amy love to go to (P) the movies (OP) on (P) Saturday night (OP)
Exercise 21: Using Comparisons
1. This bowl of soup is __hotter
__ (hot) than the last bowl.
2. She acts __as well as
__ (well) as Sandra Bullock.
3. Jerry’s pet is __more exotic
__ (exotic) than Sue’s.
4. Your graduation gift is __better
__ (good) than mine.
5. My job is __as serious
__ (serious) as yours.
6. He was __more determined
__ (determined) than Joe to win the race.
7. Charlie has grown __as tall
__ (tall) as his brother.
8. She was __as shocked
__ (shock) as I to see the test results.
9. Johnny was __more truthful
__ (truthful) than before in telling his story.
10. I feel __worse
__(bad) today than yesterday.
Exercise 22: Using Comparisons: Than, As, From
1. A cat is much quicker __than
__ a mouse.
2. The dolphins swam as fast __as
__ our boat.
3. Jennifer was much more certain of the answer __than
4. My twin cousin is indistinguishable __from
__ the other.
5. Unmanned rockets can now travel much further __than
__ the moon.
6. John’s speech was much different __than
7. The ball game continued much longer __than
8. Our cheerleaders were as good __as
9. Nathan was stronger __than
__ Michael, so he won the match.
10. I think crumpets are much tastier __than
Exercise 23: Avoiding Double Negatives
1. Kathy didn’t do nothing. Kathy didn’t do anything
2. There isn’t no milk in the refrigerator. There isn’t any
milk in the refrigerator. OR
There is no
milk in the refrigerator.
3. I can’t never understand him. I can’t ever
4. We couldn’t see nothing at the concert. We couldn’t see anything
at the concert
5. They didn’t trust nobody. They didn’t trust anybody
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