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GMAT grammar book query

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GMAT grammar book query [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2013, 05:16
Ex.11;Q.7- I heard Peter _____________ that he was going out with Becky tonight. correct answer- say

normally "you say something" & you tell someone something.
Here since I'm not saying anything shouldnt it be "tell" instead of "say"?
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Re: GMAT grammar book query [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2013, 08:05
Nilabh_s wrote:
Ex.11;Q.7- I heard Peter _____________ that he was going out with Becky tonight. correct answer- say

normally "you say something" & you tell someone something.
Here since I'm not saying anything shouldnt it be "tell" instead of "say"?


'say' here refers to what Peter said. The intention here is that you actually heard Peter say "I am going out with Becky tonight", but you haven't specified the person to whom he was saying.
'Tell' should be followed by 'to whom you are telling'.
Since no noun comes after the blank here, we should use 'say'

We usually follow 'tell' with a personal object (the person that we are speaking to). We usually use 'say' without a personal object:
She told me that she loved John.
She said that she loved John.
He told everybody that he had to leave.
He said that he had to leave.

Notice how 'told' is sandwiched between the speaker and the listener in above examples, while 'said' doesn't need to be followed by any object.

See this link for more details :
http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/cw-say-tell.htm
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Re: GMAT grammar book query [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 02:01
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Nilabh_s wrote:
Ex.11;Q.7- I heard Peter _____________ that he was going out with Becky tonight. correct answer- say

normally "you say something" & you tell someone something.
Here since I'm not saying anything shouldnt it be "tell" instead of "say"?


I remember what my English school teacher used to say about difference between say and tell

if it is clear that to whom the sentence is addressed, use tell
e.g. x told y that .........

if it is not clear that to whom the sentence is addressed, use say
e.g. x said that ......

In the example presented above it is not clear that to whom peter was telling that he was going out. I heard does not necessarily mean he told me. So say would be correct in that scenario.

In my sentence too I remember what my English school teacher used to say, it is not clear that to whom the teacher was telling. The teacher might be telling it to my class or to me or to some other student group

Hope that helps!

Narenn
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Re: GMAT grammar book query   [#permalink] 13 Jul 2013, 02:01
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