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GMAT PREP (CR)

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GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 06 May 2010, 11:39
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

40% (01:15) correct 60% (01:28) wrong based on 10 sessions
Please explain...
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 06 May 2010, 12:14
Is OA (A)?

if it is not volunteering that causes logevity
then there has to be some other reason for logevity.

option A suits the most.
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 06 May 2010, 12:39
seekmba wrote:
Is OA (A)?

if it is not volunteering that causes logevity
then there has to be some other reason for logevity.

option A suits the most.


Correct!
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 06 May 2010, 12:52
OA is A
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 07 May 2010, 09:01
IEsailor wrote:
OA is A



Why? Please explain your logic of choosing the answer
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 28 May 2010, 17:25
Expert's post
This question is good for helping you exercise your "find the alternative explanation" muscle.

THE FACTS (MUST BE TRUE)
-Established causal relationship: helping others ---> endorphins--->feeling of well being
-Established correlational relationship: volunteers live longer, on average, than non-volunteers

THE HYPOTHESIS (MIGHT BE TRUE OR MIGHT BE FALSE)
-Proposed causal relationship: endorphins---> long life
*IF* this proposed relationship were true, then volunteering (a form of helping others) -->endorphins--->long life

BUT the conclusion, signaled by the word "However," is that the Established correlational relationship (volunteers live longer) would be true even in the absence of the proposed cause for it (endorphins). Your job is to figure out why.

In simpler terms: we know volunteering (a form of helping others) will cause endorphins. But what might account for the fact that volunteers live longer *other than* the proposed causal relationship?

Note: There's a sneaky jump in wording here--notice the conclusion says "even if VOLUNTEERING does not boost longevity" rather than "even if ENDORPHINS do not boost longevity." This actually makes your job a little easier because you are examining an even more specific chain of causation: *volunteering-->endorphins-->longevity? * rather than the broader endorphins--> longevity.

Choice (A) neatly cuts out the necessity for any causal link between endorphins and longevity by explaining that the longer-than-average lifespans of volunteers is due to the fact that these volunteers are women. Volunteers are likely to be women who are likely to live longer; therefore the volunteers are likely to live longer. YES!

Choice (B) is incorrect because the number of volunteers in the population is irrelevant to the phenomenon we are trying to explain (volunteers living longer). Also, we are looking for an explanation for longevity that is not related to people's volunteering activities!

Choice (C) is also incorrect because it doesn't explain longevity. Endorphins may mask symptoms --for a time-- but that doesn't mean those people live longer.

Choices D and E are incorrect for reasons similar to the reason choice B is incorrect. We're looking for a cause of longevity *other than* volunteering and the endorphins it creates. Out of scope.

Hope this helps.
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 06:56
Awesome parker ,do you have any other links where you have explained ,i have never seen a much better explanation ,

Thanks Much ,

Amlan Dutta
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 17:29
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Thanks Amlan! I've posted a couple of dozen times but I'm not sure how to access them as a group outside of my own account. Perhaps doing a search for my username in the forums? Sorry I can't be more helpful on that-- I'm pretty good at the gmat but only average at the computer stuff. If anyone else knows please chime in.
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 04 Sep 2010, 17:54
No probs parker.......ur explanation for the above question is too kewlllllllllll!!!!!!!!I hsave pressed the following button ,this will help me know whenever you post in future ........loved your explanation...your way of breaking this complicated argument has done wonders to my learning!!!!!
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 08:37
A
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 09:55
i got this one correct...
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 12:45
I totally missed it and selected E.
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR) [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2010, 10:07
Straightforward
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Re: GMAT PREP (CR)   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2010, 10:07
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