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GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK

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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 07:31
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Weaken Question Strategies



‘Which of the following.. weaken/undermine/challenge/refute/damage/counter..?’
Most frequently occurring GMAT CR question type

 Stimulus will be an argument, and it will always have a conclusion. Isolate and assess this conclusion, so as to be able to attack it. The key is to attack the conclusion.
 Argument will mostly have reasoning errors/gaps- Read carefully.
 Strong prephrasing possible. Speculate in your head possible answers before reading answer choices
 Answer choice CAN have new/external/out of stimulus’ scope information – they have to be accepted as true
 You don’t need to find an answer that destroys the argument completely – just one that WEAKENS/UNDERMINES it.
Correct answer choice
• Will make the author reconsider, or force him to respond.
• Will attack argument by:
o Attacking premise- rarely an answer choice, mostly only when premise is a sub conclusion
o Attacking conclusion – not simply contradicting, but undermining it by showing that it fails to consider some possibility- Shows that conclusions doesn’t follow from premises, even if premises are true.
• Answers that weaken conclusion will ATTACK ASSUMPTIONS behind the author’s argument.
Keys:
1. Don’t worry about the premises- focus on conclusion and find holes in the way the author has come to that conclusion.
2. Personalize the argument – if you are to challenge the author in a conversation, which option will you use?

 Stimulus will mostly have an error of assumption- will fail to account for some possibility, or will leave out some key piece of information.
 Correct answer choice will not require large logical leaps to be correct.
Most common errors/holes in the stimulus argument:
• Incomplete information- author fails to consider all possibilities/ relies upon incomplete evidence. Correct answer choice will bring up new possibility or information.
• Improper comparison – Author compares two or more different objects
• Qualified conclusion – Conclusion is not all inclusive – is limited in application and hence open to attack
Incorrect answer choice:
Opposite Answer: Strengthens instead of weaken
Shell Game Answer: Presents an idea similar to one in stimulus, but changed to be wrong
Out of Scope Answer: Misses the main point, raise unrelated/tangential issues- no tie to the conclusion- does bring in language from the conclusion, but doesn’t weaken it.
Answer Choice E is often used as a trap to put a highly attractive wrong answer. Reason is that if none of the 4 previous choices have jumped put as correct answer, you will be prone to choose E towards the end! Mostly Shell Game answers, which are wrong but appear true if you miss slight detail! Similarly, A is a trap answer choice if stimulus is difficult, as to get a hang of the stimulus; you usually tend to depend on reading first answer choice, and sub consciously believing it to be true! Beware!
Can be made more complicated by argument/counter argument kind of structure- two opposite points of view. Identify first which is the conclusion from author’s point of view.

CAUSE AND EFFECT: Causality in GMAT


Cause and Effect relationship form the basis of many Weaken, Strengthen, Flaw and Method CR Questions – Most tested logical concept in GMAT
Causality explains why something happened. When one event causes another. Cause happens before.
In GMAT most such conclusions are wrong because there are alternate explanations. Another cause caused the effect, third event caused both these events, situation is actually reversed, events are related but not causally, or the relation is just by chance- random.
How to recognize? When one event makes the other occur. Indicators like – caused by, leads to, because of, responsible for, reason for, induced by, promoted by, determined by, produced by, product of, played a role in, was a factor in, is an effect of.
Causality may be present in stimulus in two ways: premises, or conclusion. If causality is in premises, the argument is not likely to have reasoning errors. If causality is in conclusion, it is likely that the conclusion is flawed.
Why will causal relationships occur? When one event occurs before the other, or when two events occur simultaneously, it is often assumed that one event caused the other.
Central Assumption of Causal Relationships:
• Stated cause is the only possible cause of the effect. No other causes can create the same effect.
• Whenever the cause will occur, effect will occur
How to attack weaken questions with cause- effect relationship:
- Find an alternate cause for the effect
- Show that even when cause occurred, effect didn’t occur
- Show that even when effect occurred, cause didn’t occur
- Show that stated relationship is actually reverse- cause is effect and effect is cause
- Show that the statistical data used to draw the conclusion itself is wrong

The unemployment rate in the city jumped from 5 % to 9% last month. Therefore the local economy is in trouble.
The city has a large university that graduated 20000 students last month. Does this weaken?
Yes, as this provides as alternate reason for increased unemployment. Here we are assuming: a significant number of students stayed in the local area, and that not all of these graduates were immediately employed.
Remember, On Strengthen/ Weaken problem you need to interpret the statements is the MOST PROBABLE or MOST REASONABLE or COMMON SENSE way.
Use INTUITIVE THINKING
Make COMMON SENSE Assumptions: Interpret in Most probable, real word kind of way
Overall Argument much more important than details

GMATPrep Examples


Q. In Morigia the average age of cars that are still in use has historically been seven years, but now it is nearly nine years. Car manufacturers claim that the current poor economy has forced people to put off buying new cars, and thus when the economy improves, the average age of cars will return to former levels.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls into question the car manufacturers' prediction?
(A) Fewer cars per year are now being manufactured in Morigia than were being manufactured there five years ago.
(B) When the threat of job loss is particularly strong, people are reluctant to commit themselves to expensive purchases.
(C) The older a car is, the greater the amount of upkeep it requires.
(D) The air-pollution control devices now being used in cars manufactured in Morigia cost less than those that were used seven years ago.
(E) Most people in Morigia now believe that replacing an old car with a new one has very undesirable ecological consequences.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
People are buying older cars on average. Manufacturers are saying that bad economy is the reason.
B actually strengthens.
C is a reason not to drive older cars, but people are still driving it. so the pros and cons of driving older cars is sort of irrelevant.
Answer: E

Q, Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment over the next five years. Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints and plastics.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in Kernland off their land and into the cities.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
If the tariff were removed, more farmers could profit but you couldn’t employ as many people as processing industry now employs.

Temporarily don’t think about whether it is strengthen or weaken and just evaluate the choices by themselves
E many of the farmers will be unemployed when they get to the cities (most probable interpretation). So if this is true then removing a tariff would mean that farmers will make profit, fewer will move to the city – less unemployment.
Answer: E

Northern Air has dozens of flights daily into and out of Belleville Airport, which is highly congested. Northern Air depends for its success on economy and quick turnaround and consequently is planning to replace its large planes with Skybuses, whose novel aerodynamic design is extremely fuel efficient. The Skybus’s fuel efficiency results in both lower fuel costs and reduced time spent refueling.

Q. Which of the following, if true, could present the most serious disadvantage for Northern Air in replacing their large planes with Skybuses?

(A) The Skybus would enable Northern Air to schedule direct flights to destinations that currently require stops for refueling.
(B) Aviation fuel is projected to decline in price over the next several years.
(C) The fuel efficiency of the Skybus would enable Northern Air to eliminate refueling at some of its destinations, but several mechanics would lose their jobs.
(D) None of Northern Air’s competitors that use Belleville Airport are considering buying Skybuses.
(E) The aerodynamic design of the Skybus causes turbulence behind it when taking off that forces other planes on the runway to delay their takeoffs.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
We have to find whether the planes will get off the runway faster/ slower and more costly/ less costly.
A and C strengthen. B and D neutral.

Notes Credit: Vivesomnium, Ron Purewal, GMATPrep


WEAKEN QUESTION SET



1. A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team
averaged 1 home run per game; in stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2
home runs per game; and, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per
game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

• The team’s leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
• The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
• The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
• In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer
to home base.
• The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

2. The recent decline in the employment rate was spurred by predictions of slow economic growth in the coming
year. However, those predictions would not have affected the employment rate if it had not been for the lack of
capital reserves of major industries. So if major industries increase their capital reserves, the employment rate
will not decline in the future.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the validity of the argument above?

• Major industry foresaw the drop in employment.
• Some major industries had appreciable capital reserves.
• An increase in labor costs could adversely affect the employment rate.
• The government could pass legislation mandating that major industries set aside a fixed amount as capital reserves
every year.
• The drop in the employment rate was more severe this year than last.

3. Farmers in developing countries claim that the United States government, through farm subsidies, is responsible
for the artificially low global price of wheat. Because the U.S. government buys whatever wheat American farmers
are unable to sell on the open market, American farmers have no incentive to modulate the size of their crops
according to the needs of the global market. As a result, American farmers routinely produce more wheat than the
global market can absorb and the global price of wheat is kept low. Without these subsidies, the farmers in
developing economies claim, American farmers would produce only the amount of wheat that they could sell on
the open market and the global price of wheat would rise.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the claims of the farmers in developing countries regarding the price of wheat?

• Wheat that is not processed for consumption is often used for certain industrial applications.
• Non-governmental buyers of wheat and wheat products are able to predict how much wheat they will need several
years in advance.
• The United States government offers similar subsidies to soybean farmers, though the global price of soybeans is
significantly higher than that of wheat.
• Other countries, such as Canada and Russia, are likely to produce more wheat if the United States were to reduce
its output.
• The price of sorghum, a crop for which the United States government offers no subsidies, is lower than that of
wheat.

4. The amount of money estimated to be lost by Hollywood studios due to DVD piracy overseas increased to more
than $500 million last year. As a consequence, Hollywood studios have little prospect of making money this year
by exporting their films worldwide.

All of the following, if true, weaken the argument EXCEPT:

• $500 million represents a very small fraction of overseas profits.
• New laws and heightened international enforcement aimed at this piracy were implemented in January of this year
and have been effective.
• Even in countries where DVD piracy is widespread, theatrical first-run distribution is both very popular and profitable.
• Last year, all films that were nominated for an Academy Award were known to have been pirated on DVD.
• Domestic DVD sales were sharply higher last year; in the past, strong domestic sales have been an indicator of
higher international DVD sales in the following year.

5. Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for
mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal
immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed
to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan
will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:

• In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
• Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal
immigration.
• Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
• The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms
despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
• Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.

6. Adam will spend $4,000 to rent a booth at the town’s annual county fair to promote his new Sandwich Shoppe. In
previous years, the average food booth at the fair served 400 customers. Thus, in order to cover his costs, Adam
has calculated that he must sell 400 sandwiches for $10 each.

Which of the following statements casts the most doubt on Adam’s chances of breaking even at the county fair?

• Adam should not limit himself to 400 sandwiches; he should be prepared to sell more.
• Adam has not factored in the costs of raw materials or labor in calculating the amount of revenue he needs to
generate to break even.
• If booths in previous years averaged 400 customers, that means some booths served more than 400 and some
served fewer than 400.
• Many people prefer other types of food to sandwiches.
• If Adam shares his booth, and the cost of the rental, with a complementary business, he will not have to sell as
many sandwiches to break even.

7. The people of Prohibitionland are considering banning the service of alcoholic beverages in restaurants to curb
unruly behavior on the part of its residents. Proprietors of restaurants in Prohibitionland are protesting the ban on
the grounds that it will reduce their revenues and profits. However, several provinces in Prohibitionland enacted
restrictions on alcoholic beverages last year, and the sales taxes paid by the restaurants in those provinces rose by
an average of 50 percent. In contrast, the sales taxes paid by restaurants located in areas of Prohibitionland that
did not have any restrictions rose by an average of 30 percent.

Which of the following, if true, supports the restaurant proprietors’ economic stance against the ban?

• In the provinces that restricted alcoholic beverages, there was a short-term negative impact on restaurant visitation
in the beginning of last year.
• The sales tax in Prohibitionland is lower on food and beverages than it is on other consumer goods, such as
clothing.
• The consumption of alcoholic beverages in Prohibitionland has been on a gradual decline the last 20 years.
• The restrictions on alcoholic beverages enacted last year allowed for the service of drinks beginning around
dinnertime each evening.
• Overall sales tax revenue did not increase at a substantially higher rate in the provinces that enacted the restrictions
on alcoholic beverages than in the rest of Prohibitionland last year.

8. Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries.

All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.

9. Experts estimate that insurance companies’ tardiness in paying doctors for legitimate medical claims adds
approximately 10 percent in overhead costs for physicians. Insurance companies counter that the tardiness sometimes
results from billing errors made by the doctors themselves. Since dealing with these billing errors costs the
insurance companies time and money, it is clear that insurance companies do not have a significant economic
incentive to delay claim payments to doctors.

Which of the following pieces of information, if true, weakens the conclusion above?

• Some doctors who submit accurate bills to insurance companies still receive tardy payments.
• The cost to the insurance companies to process incorrect bills from doctors’ offices is roughly equivalent to the
increased costs that physicians accrue as a result of tardy payments from insurance companies.
• A rising proportion of medical claims submitted by doctors to insurance companies are deemed illegitimate by
those insurance companies.
• The billing errors made by doctors’ offices are typically very minor, such as the submission of a claim with an
outdated patient home address.
• The overhead costs incurred by doctors as a result of delayed insurance payments result in an increase in the
premiums paid by consumers to health insurance companies that far exceeds any increase in the fees paid to
doctors by insurance companies.

10. Of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the proportion who retired to SunState has
decreased by 10 percent over the past five years. Since many local businesses in SunState cater to retirees, this
decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

• SunState attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
• There are far more local businesses in SunState that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to
retirees.
• The number of retirees who have moved out of SunState to accept re-employment in other states has increased
over the past five years.
• SunState has lower property taxes than any other state, making the state a magnet for retirees.
• The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly
over the past five years.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA in 12 hours

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Expert Post
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Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 2281
Followers: 228

Kudos [?]: 1959 [0], given: 666

Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 09:18
Expert's post
Expert Post
MBA Section Director
User avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 1553
Location: India
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 557

Kudos [?]: 1866 [0], given: 650

Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 10:38
Expert's post
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 11:46
Expert's post
Quote:
In Morigia the average age of cars that are still in use has historically been seven years, but now it is nearly nine years. Car manufacturers claim that the current poor economy has forced people to put off buying new cars, and thus when the economy improves, the average age of cars will return to former levels.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls into question the car manufacturers' prediction?
(A) Fewer cars per year are now being manufactured in Morigia than were being manufactured there five years ago.
(B) When the threat of job loss is particularly strong, people are reluctant to commit themselves to expensive purchases.
(C) The older a car is, the greater the amount of upkeep it requires.
(D) The air-pollution control devices now being used in cars manufactured in Morigia cost less than those that were used seven years ago.
(E) Most people in Morigia now believe that replacing an old car with a new one has very undesirable ecological consequences.


1 - irrilevant
2 - threat not is a valid reasoning to think about future lack of purchases
3 - irrilevant
4 - air pollution is not mentioned
5 - Correct

Quote:
Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by
growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing the tariff would seriously hamper the government’s effort to reduce urban unemployment over the next five years. Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints and plastics.
B. Other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small farmers in Kernland off their land and into the cities.


1 - irrilevant
2 - other countries, is not relevant
3 - irrilevant
4 - out od scope
5 - correct

This one is the only one where I used a pure POE. I understood the argument but the stimulus was a bit confused

Quote:
Northern Air has dozens of flights daily into and out of Belleville Airport, which is highly congested. Northern Air depends for its success on economy and quick turnaround and consequently is planning to replace its large planes with Skybuses, whose novel aerodynamic design is extremely fuel efficient. The Skybus’s fuel efficiency results in both lower fuel costs and reduced time spent refueling.

Q. Which of the following, if true, could present the most serious disadvantage for Northern Air in replacing their large planes with Skybuses?

(A) The Skybus would enable Northern Air to schedule direct flights to destinations that currently require stops for refueling.
(B) Aviation fuel is projected to decline in price over the next several years.
(C) The fuel efficiency of the Skybus would enable Northern Air to eliminate refueling at some of its destinations, but several mechanics would lose their jobs.
(D) None of Northern Air’s competitors that use Belleville Airport are considering buying Skybuses.
(E) The aerodynamic design of the Skybus causes turbulence behind it when taking off that forces other planes on the runway to delay their takeoffs.


1 - tempting but irrilevant
2 - price of fuel - no good
3 - fuel efficiency - maybe strong the argument
4 - irrilevant
5 - skybus no good - correct

Quote:
A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team
averaged 1 home run per game; in stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2
home runs per game; and, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per
game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines
the argument above?

• The team’s leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
• The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
• The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
• In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer
to home base.
• The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.


1 - confront medium and large stadium but do not adress home run
2 - fans - irrilevant
3 - team average - irrilevant
4 - Correct
5 - irrilevant

Quote:
The recent decline in the employment rate was spurred by predictions of slow economic growth in the coming
year. However, those predictions would not have affected the employment rate if it had not been for the lack of
capital reserves of major industries. So if major industries increase their capital reserves, the employment rate
will not decline in the future. Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the validity of the argument
above?

• Major industry foresaw the drop in employment.
• Some major industries had appreciable capital reserves.
• An increase in labor costs could adversely affect the employment rate.
• The government could pass legislation mandating that major industries set aside a fixed amount as capital reserves
every year.
• The drop in the employment rate was more severe this year than last.


1 - irrilevant
2 - this says nothing about rate
3 - correct
4 - could pass - no good
5 - this year and last year - irrilevant

Quote:
Farmers in developing countries claim that the United States government, through farm subsidies, is responsible
for the artificially low global price of wheat. Because the U.S. government buys whatever wheat American farmers
are unable to sell on the open market, American farmers have no incentive to modulate the size of their crops
according to the needs of the global market. As a result, American farmers routinely produce more wheat than the
global market can absorb and the global price of wheat is kept low. Without these subsidies, the farmers in
developing economies claim, American farmers would produce only the amount of wheat that they could sell on
the open market and the global price of wheat would rise. Which of the following, if true, most weakens the claims
of the farmers in developing countries regarding the price of wheat?

• Wheat that is not processed for consumption is often used for certain industrial applications.
• Non-governmental buyers of wheat and wheat products are able to predict how much wheat they will need several
years in advance.
• The United States government offers similar subsidies to soybean farmers, though the global price of soybeans is
significantly higher than that of wheat.
• Other countries, such as Canada and Russia, are likely to produce more wheat if the United States were to reduce
its output.
• The price of sorghum, a crop for which the United States government offers no subsidies, is lower than that of
wheat.


1 - irrilevant
2 - prediction - not the point
3 - soybeans iis not the issue
4 - correct
5 - sorghum - irrilevant

Quote:
The amount of money estimated to be lost by Hollywood studios due to DVD piracy overseas increased to more
than $500 million last year. As a consequence, Hollywood studios have little prospect of making money this year
by exporting their films worldwide. All of the following, if true, weaken the argument except:

• $500 million represents a very small fraction of overseas profits.
• New laws and heightened international enforcement aimed at this piracy were implemented in January of this year
and have been effective.
• Even in countries where DVD piracy is widespread, theatrical first-run distribution is both very popular and profitable.
• Last year, all films that were nominated for an Academy Award were known to have been pirated on DVD.
• Domestic DVD sales were sharply higher last year; in the past, strong domestic sales have been an indicator of
higher international DVD sales in the following year.


1 - weaken
2 - weaken
3 - weaken
4 - irrilevant - correct
5 - weaken

Quote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for
mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal
immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed
to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan
will win the election for mayor. All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:

• In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
• Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal
immigration.
• Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
• The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms
despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
• Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


1 - weaken
2 - irrilevant - correct
3 - weaken
4 - weaken
5 - weaken

Quote:
Adam will spend $4,000 to rent a booth at the town’s annual county fair to promote his new Sandwich Shoppe. In
previous years, the average food booth at the fair served 400 customers. Thus, in order to cover his costs, Adam
has calculated that he must sell 400 sandwiches for $10 each. Which of the following statements casts the most
doubt on Adam’s chances of breaking even at the county fair?

• Adam should not limit himself to 400 sandwiches; he should be prepared to sell more.
• Adam has not factored in the costs of raw materials or labor in calculating the amount of revenue he needs to
generate to break even.
• If booths in previous years averaged 400 customers, that means some booths served more than 400 and some
served fewer than 400.
• Many people prefer other types of food to sandwiches.
• If Adam shares his booth, and the cost of the rental, with a complementary business, he will not have to sell as
many sandwiches to break even.


1 - vague
2 - correct
3 - irrilevant
4 - we do not care what prefer people
5 - tempting but out the share with other businesses


Quote:
The people of Prohibitionland are considering banning the service of alcoholic beverages in restaurants to curb
unruly behavior on the part of its residents. Proprietors of restaurants in Prohibitionland are protesting the ban on
the grounds that it will reduce their revenues and profits. However, several provinces in Prohibitionland enacted
restrictions on alcoholic beverages last year, and the sales taxes paid by the restaurants in those provinces rose by
an average of 50 percent. In contrast, the sales taxes paid by restaurants located in areas of Prohibitionland that
did not have any restrictions rose by an average of 30 percent. Which of the following, if true, supports the
restaurant proprietors’ economic stance against the ban?

• In the provinces that restricted alcoholic beverages, there was a short-term negative impact on restaurant visitation
in the beginning of last year.
• The sales tax in Prohibitionland is lower on food and beverages than it is on other consumer goods, such as
clothing.
• The consumption of alcoholic beverages in Prohibitionland has been on a gradual decline the last 20 years.
• The restrictions on alcoholic beverages enacted last year allowed for the service of drinks beginning around
dinnertime each evening.
• Overall sales tax revenue did not increase at a substantially higher rate in the provinces that enacted the restrictions
on alcoholic beverages than in the rest of Prohibitionland last year.


1 - vistitation - out of scope
2 - sales taxes - irrilevant
3 - gradual decline - out
4 - correct
5 - overall sales - out

Quote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.


tough one :(

1 - w
2 - w
3 - w
4 - w
5 - correct

Quote:
Experts estimate that insurance companies’ tardiness in paying doctors for legitimate medical claims adds
approximately 10 percent in overhead costs for physicians. Insurance companies counter that the tardiness sometimes
results from billing errors made by the doctors themselves. Since dealing with these billing errors costs the
insurance companies time and money, it is clear that insurance companies do not have a significant economic
incentive to delay claim payments to doctors. Which of the following pieces of information, if true, weakens the
conclusion above?

• Some doctors who submit accurate bills to insurance companies still receive tardy payments.
• The cost to the insurance companies to process incorrect bills from doctors’ offices is roughly equivalent to the
increased costs that physicians accrue as a result of tardy payments from insurance companies.
• A rising proportion of medical claims submitted by doctors to insurance companies are deemed illegitimate by
those insurance companies.
• The billing errors made by doctors’ offices are typically very minor, such as the submission of a claim with an
outdated patient home address.
• The overhead costs incurred by doctors as a result of delayed insurance payments result in an increase in the
premiums paid by consumers to health insurance companies that far exceeds any increase in the fees paid to
doctors by insurance companies.


1 - vague
2 - equivalent - out
3 - rising proportion - irrilevant
4 - correct
5 - seems to far from the real point

This was the toughest of the set for me. I feel it is wrong for sure. I wait responses from someone :(

Quote:
Of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the proportion who retired to SunState has
decreased by 10 percent over the past five years. Since many local businesses in SunState cater to retirees, this
decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses. Which of the following, if true,
most seriously weakens the argument?

• SunState attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state.
• There are far more local businesses in SunState that cater to tourists than there are local businesses that cater to
retirees.
• The number of retirees who have moved out of SunState to accept re-employment in other states has increased
over the past five years.
• SunState has lower property taxes than any other state, making the state a magnet for retirees.
• The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly
over the past five years.


1 - irrilevant
2 - irrilivant local businesses
3 - re-employment - irrilevant
4 - property taxes - irrilevant
5 - correct

Please Souvik let me know about this set. it was really tough, good.

if someone wants to discuss this amazing drill set we are here :)

Thanks
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Last edited by carcass on 19 Sep 2012, 16:21, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 12:03
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 09:07
Carcass -
I got: c c d b b b d d e e.

I see where I am wrong with #1 and #4 (b/c I read over "except" I never had a chance); but with regard to #s 8 and 9, I don't know if I agree with you.

#8 -- I believe that choice E does in fact weaken the official's argument, at least to some extent. Answer E points out an issue with representativeness by suggesting that all UN Nations is not necessarily representative of "other industrialized nations;" whereas Answer D (my choice) actually strengthens the argument as it suggests that mortality rates are relevant in comparing US to other nations with regard to infectious disease vulnerability since US' competitive M rates do include deaths related to Inf Dis.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 09:16
#9 -- conclusion: Insurance co. have little incentive to delay payments to Drs. since billing errors cost Ins Cos money.

assumption: Delaying pmts leads to add'l costs that outweigh any associated benefit (i.e., time value of money... if I can withhold that which I owe you for 30 days, I can invest and make 5%, which outweighs the 4% late payment fee you charge me...terrible ex, but you get it)

Answer E (my choice) - delayed pmts from Ins to Dr. results indirectly to increased income to Ins co, thereby implying possibility of incentive to delay pmts to Dr.


Let me know what you think of these responses. Thanks!
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 09:33
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Hi jerembo

Yup I think you are right

I revisited the entire drill and think I picked wrong just 8 and 9.

8) A is the only answer that say nothing on the argument and not E

9) E and not D because tha chain should be this : the delay by doctor increase the insurance's premium, people pay more, insurance gain a lot of profit.

waiting for OA
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 09:50
# 8 - choice A actually weakness argument. If true, A casll to question the relevance of the evidence provided by the official about the high quality of US hospitals. Someone who purports what A says, may argue that just because ppl trust the quality of US hospitals, doesn't necessarily mean that the US is any less vulnerable to infectious diseases. In my view, choice D is the only one that does not weaken the argument.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 09:54
Put another way - suppose that "The average life span of United States citizens is determined by deaths due to all causes other than infectious diseases." This would certainly weaken the argument. But the way it is written, choice D points out that infectious diseases is considered a cause influencing mortality rate.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 11:30
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Sorry for the delay guys, but I will be up with a SC project soon
Here are the OEs for the weaken set


"WEAKEN" SET OFFICIAL EXPLANATIONS


WEAKEN
1.
On average, the team hit more home runs playing in front of larger crowds than
in front of smaller crowds. The argument attributes this statistic to the motivation
that comes from playing in front of larger crowds. In order to undermine this
conclusion, look for another reason to explain why more home runs were hit in
front of larger crowds.
(A) The argument makes a claim about the collective behavior of the team. This
collective claim does not preclude certain individuals from hitting fewer home
runs in larger stadiums.
(B) The claim made in the argument is based on the size of the crowd in each
stadium. For whom the fans cheered is irrelevant to the argument.
(C) Similar to answer choice A, this choice cites one specific example of
contradictory information, while the argument is based on the average behavior
of the team throughout the entire season. The does not strongly undermine that,
on average, the team was motivated by larger crowds.
(D) CORRECT. This choice explains that the larger stadiums actually have
different dimensions from the smaller stadiums. In order to accommodate a
larger number of fans, the outfield walls are closer to the batters. Thus, it is very
possible that the greater number of home runs is due to the fact that the ball
does not have to travel as far in larger stadiums.
(E) The announcer’s opinion is not relevant to the argument, and, even if it were,
this choice would strengthen the argument.
2.
The conclusion is that "if major industries increase their capital reserves, the
employment rate will not decline in the future." Why? Because major industry did
not have capital reserves. The author assumes that having capital reserves is
sufficient to prevent a decline in the employment rate. We are asked to cast
doubt (i.e., weaken) the author's claim.

(A) Whether the drop in employment was foreseen does not relate to the core of
the argument, which is that capital reserves will prevent another decline in the
employment rate.

(B) The fact that some major industries had appreciable capital reserves does
not contradict the claim that an increase in these reserves would prevent a future
drop in employment rates.

(C) CORRECT. The author neglects to take into account the fact that other
factors, such as an increase in labor costs, could adversely affect the
employment rate. For example, if the cost of labor becomes prohibitively
expensive, even with increased reserves, the employment rate could decline.

(D) Legislation mandating a certain level of reserves does not contradict the
claim that increased reserves would prevent a drop in employment rates.

(E) The fact that the employment rate was more severe this year than last does
not contradict the claim that an increase in reserves would prevent a drop in the
employment rate.
3.
Farmers in developing countries claim that the global price of wheat is low
because American farmers produce too much of the grain. They also claim that
American farmers produce too much wheat because they have no incentive to
manage their crops, since the U.S. government will buy whatever wheat
American farmers cannot sell on the open market. We are asked to find a choice that
weakens the claims of the farmers in developing countries that removing the
American subsidy would cause the price of wheat to rise.
(A) That there are uses for wheat that is not eaten is irrelevant here. This does
not address any aspect of the farmers' claims.
(B) The fact that buyers of wheat can predict their needs in advance is irrelevant
here, because the text indicates that American farmers do not pay attention to
actual demand for wheat.
(C) In this argument, the global market for soybeans is irrelevant to the global
market for wheat, which is a different commodity with different demand, supply,
and pricing structures.
(D) CORRECT. The farmers assume that the sole cause of the wheat surplus is
the United States. This answer choice suggests that other countries would
modify their output to counterbalance any reduction on the part of the United
States, keeping prices constant instead of allowing them to rise.
(E) The price of another crop is largely irrelevant. Moreover, the fact that the
price of sorghum, a non-subsidized crop, is lower tends to support, rather than
weaken, the claims of the farmers.
4.
This argument concludes that “Hollywood studios have little chance of making
money this year by exporting their films worldwide,” based on the premise that
profits from piracy overseas rose sharply last year. The argument assumes that
no other relevant conditions have changed for the better since then. The question
asks for a choice that does not weaken the argument, which means that the
correct answer will either strengthen it or is irrelevant.
(A) This choice weakens the argument. It attacks the necessary assumption that
$500 million is a large enough amount to destroy Hollywood profits.
(B) This choice weakens the argument. It attacks the necessary assumption that
there would not be a heightened and effective law enforcement campaign against
piracy.
(C) This choice weakens the argument. It attacks the assumption that there are
no other ways for Hollywood studios to profit from export of its films than DVDs.
(D) CORRECT. This choice is irrelevant. The conclusion (and premise) concern
money. That all of the Academy Award-nominated films were pirated last year
does not increase or diminish the probability of Hollywood studios making money
this year. Thus, this does not weaken the argument.
(E) This choice makes the conclusion less likely by providing a premise that
suggests that this year’s profits internationally will rise.
5.
The analyst argues that the mayoral candidate who opposes the deportation plan
will win the governor’s race because 60% of city residents also oppose the plan.
The analyst assumes that a majority of residents will vote for this candidate
based on his position on illegal immigration. Any statement that calls this
assumption into question will weaken the argument. We are looking for the one
statement that does NOT call this assumption into question.
(A) This statement calls into question the assumption that voters will cast their
ballots based on the illegal immigration issue. Therefore, this statement
weakens the analyst's argument.
(B) CORRECT. This does not weaken the argument. In fact, if some of those
who support the plan are willing to reconsider, they may ultimately oppose the
original plan and decide to vote for the candidate who is also in opposition. If
anything, this would help justify the analyst's claim that the candidate who
opposes the plan will win the election.
(C) This statement calls into question the assumption that a majority of residents
will vote for the candidate who opposes the plan. If many of these residents are
not registered voters, they will not be able to vote, regardless of their position on
the immigration issue. This weakens the argument.
(D) This calls into question the assumption that the residents will vote based on
the illegal immigration issue. This statement shows that voters have a history of
voting for the incumbent despite his controversial position on important issues. It
is possible that the voters will again vote for the incumbent, even if he has taken
an unpopular position on the illegal immigration issue. This weakens the
argument.
(E) If just under 30% of the residents are illegal immigrants, it is likely that many
of the 60% in opposition to the plan are actually illegal immigrants themselves. If
these people can’t vote, it is less likely that the candidate who opposes the plan
will win.
6.
Adam concludes that to cover the $4,000 cost of a booth at the fair, he will need
to sell 400 sandwiches at $10 each. He relies on information about the number of
customers served by the average booth in previous years. The question asks
what most weakens Adam’s conclusion. The correct answer will either show that
Adam has overlooked other important costs, or that his logic is fundamentally flawed.
There could be more than one choice that seems to suggest that Adam
might not break even; the correct answer will be the one that eliminates any
possibility that he will break even.
(A) Though this is certainly true in a practical sense, it does not show that Adam's
plan will not work and that he will not stay within his budget. In fact, if he could
sell more than 400 sandwiches, it is likely that this would help him break even.
(B) CORRECT. Each sandwich costs some amount of money to make and sell,
so even if Adam sells the 400 sandwiches as planned, his net income will
certainly be less than $4,000. Based on this statement, Adam definitely will not
break even.
(C) Though it is true that an average number of customers means some booths
served more and some served fewer, this statement does not tell us that Adam
will have fewer than 400 or that his plan cannot work. Consider also that each
customer might buy more than one sandwich, so Adam could have fewer
customers but still sell enough sandwiches to cover his costs.
(D) Although some people will buy other types of food at the fair, this statement
fails to conclusively weaken Adam’s logic. Adam relied on information about the
average number of customers for food booths in previous years, but those
booths may have sold sandwiches or other foods – we simply don’t have enough
information to judge whether this statement strengthens or weakens Adam’s
conclusion.
(E) Sharing the booth would actually make it more likely that Adam would break
even. If he shares the cost of the booth rental, then he is more likely to sell
enough sandwiches to cover his costs.
7.
The argument concerns the economic impact on restaurants in Prohibitionland if
the service of alcoholic beverages is banned. It presents evidence that, despite
restrictions on the service of alcohol in certain areas of Prohibitionland, sales
taxes in restaurants in those areas rose at a higher rate than for those in other
parts of Prohibitionland, suggesting that the ban would not have any adverse
economic impact. We are asked to support the restaurant proprietors' claim , so
the correct answer choice will call the relevance of the seemingly contradictory
evidence into question.
(A). This answer choice may seem to strengthen the argument that banning the
service of alcoholic beverages would have an adverse impact on restaurants.
However, as the evidence involves data for the entire year, citing a short-term
negative impact on restaurant visitation at the beginning of the year does not
measurably strengthen the argument.
(B) The relative tax rate on food and beverages as compared to other consumer
good is irrelevant here.
(C) A gradual decline in alcohol consumption over the past 20 years would
suggest that over time, any ban on alcohol would have an increasingly small
impact on restaurant visitation, weakening the proprietors’ argument.
(D) CORRECT. This statement calls the evidence into question by indicating that
any measured increase in sales taxes and, presumably, revenues for restaurants
that have been operating under the restrictions last year enacted is irrelevant, as
the restrictions could be argued to be completely different than the total ban that
is being proposed. This answer choice substantially strengthens the proprietors’
argument by threatening to make the cited evidence irrelevant.
(E) The fact that overall sales tax revenue did not increase at a higher rate in the
provinces that enacted the restrictions on alcoholic beverages weakens the
proprietors’ argument, as it makes the cited evidence more compelling by ruling
out the possibility of different growth rates in the different areas.
8.
The official's conclusion is that people who claim that the U.S. is more vulnerable
than other nations because of the country's lack of a national vaccine laboratory
are disloyal and incorrect. His basis for that conclusion is that the U.S. has
generally long life span and low infant mortality relative to all UN countries.
Moreover, he cites the high quality of American hospitals, and he adds that many
people he knows from around the world come to the U.S. for medical care. We
are asked to find the choice that does NOT point out a weakness or potential
weakness in the official's argument.
(A) CORRECT. This choice states that the high quality of hospitals is not a factor
affecting the public's vulnerability to infectious disease. However, the quality of
hospitals very arguably does affect how vulnerable the public is to such disease.
(B) This choice highlights the official's logical jump from "disloyal" to "wrong" in
the phrase "these critics are disloyal and thus wrong about the public's
vulnerability." There is no necessary connection between disloyalty and
wrongness.
(C) If the Europeans that the official cited overwhelmingly consist of wealthy men
over the age of fifty, then the official relied on an unrepresentative sample to
justify his claim. What is true of wealthy older European men is not necessarily
true of Europeans or non-Americans generally.
(D) If the average life span of Americans is determined by causes other than
infectious disease, then the official is not limiting his evidence to cases relating to
vaccines. Other causes of death are not relevant to the critics' argument.
(E) The ranking of the United States relative to all UN countries is misleading,
since it does not compare the U.S. to other "advanced industrialized" or
"developed" nations, as the critics' claim does.
9.
The conclusion of the argument is that insurance companies do not have a
significant economic incentive to delay claim payments to doctors. To weaken
this conclusion, an answer choice must provide some significant economic
incentive for insurance companies to be tardy in paying doctors for legitimate
medical claims.
(A) While the fact that some doctors who submit accurate bills to insurance
companies still receive tardy payments seems to indicate that there must be
something other than errors causing delayed payments, it fails to prove that the
insurance company has an economic incentive to deliberately delay claim
payments to doctors. For example, this fact could simply indicate that the
insurance companies are inefficient at handling all of their paperwork.
(B) This choice compares costs insurance companies must absorb due to
incorrect bills to costs physicians must absorb due to tardy payments. However,
this information is irrelevant to establishing an economic incentive for insurance
companies to delay claim payments to doctors.
(C) The argument is focused on the payment of legitimate claims; the rising
proportion of illegitimate claims does not establish a clear economic incentive for
insurance companies to delay payments of legitimate claims.
(D) The types of billing errors made by doctors' offices does not establish any
economic motive for insurance companies to make a practice of delaying
payments to doctors.
(E) CORRECT. This choice articulates a logical chain that establishes a clear
economic motive for insurance companies to be tardy in paying doctors for
legitimate medical claims. If insurance companies delay payments to doctors,
this results in a 10 percent increase in overhead costs for physicians. These
costs ultimately result in higher fees that doctors charge to insurance companies.
Insurance companies, in turn, raise the premiums they charge consumers for
health coverage. This choice states that the insurance companies increase their
fees to consumers far more than the doctors increase their fees to insurance
companies, enabling the insurance companies to pocket the difference; therein
lies the economic motive for insurance companies to be tardy in paying doctors
for legitimate medical claims. 10.
This argument concludes that a decline in the percentage of retirees who
relocate to SunState will have a negative impact on businesses there that cater
to retirees. However, a decline in this percentage would only have a negative
impact on businesses if it indicated a decrease in the actual number of retirees. If
the actual number of retirees is steady or increasing, then a decrease in the
percentage wouldn't matter. As we are looking for a statement that weakens the
argument, we should look for an answer choice that somehow mitigates the
effect of this percentage decrease.
(A) The fact that SunState attracts more retirees than any other state does not
address the impact of the declining proportion of retirees moving to SunState.
(B) The existence of other businesses in SunState that do not cater to retirees is
not relevant.
(C) Any increase in departure of retirees from SunState to accept re-employment
would further damage businesses that serve retirees. However, the argument
explicitly discusses the impact of the declining percentage of retirees relocating
to SunState, and no other factors, making this answer choice irrelevant. In any
case, this answer choice suggests that such businesses will indeed lose
business, which would strengthen the conclusion, not weaken it.
(D) Low property taxes provide one reason why SunState is an appealing
destination for retirees, but this is not relevant in determining the economic
impact of the smaller proportion of retirees moving to SunState overall.
(E) CORRECT. If the total number of retirees that relocated to other states
increased significantly, a 10 percent reduction in the proportion of retirees that
moved to SunState may not result in a reduction in the actual number of people
who moved to SunState. This choice weakens the contention that businesses
that cater to retirees in SunState will suffer from a drop-off resulting from the
percentage decrease.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 11:37
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Quote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.


THIS QUESTION IS PRETTY CONTROVERSIAL.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 12:35
souvik101990 wrote:
Quote:
Recently, some critics of the U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu. A government official said these critics were
disloyal and thus wrong about the public’s vulnerability. To support his claim, the official cited the generally long
life span and low infant mortality of United States citizens, relative to all United Nation member nations. Mentioning
the high quality of American hospitals, he added that all of the Europeans that he knew preferred to undergo major
medical treatments in the United States rather than in the socialized medical systems in place in their home
countries. All of the following are weaknesses or potential weaknesses in the official’s argument EXCEPT:

• The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
• Whether or not the critics are disloyal has no bearing on whether or not they are wrong.
• The Europeans that the official cited are a demographically narrow sample, overwhelmingly composed of wealthy
males over the age of fifty.
• The average life span of United States citizens is determined not only by deaths due to infectious diseases but also
by deaths due to all other causes.
• Comparing the United States to all United Nations member nations does not address the concern that the U.S. is
behind other advanced industrialized nations in a particular way.


THIS QUESTION IS PRETTY CONTROVERSIAL.


Yes..In fact i was going to reply the same :P... This http://www.beatthegmat.com/recently-som ... 58fe9b13ab says that the correct answer is C.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 13:31
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Answer is not C but lets just rejec this question for now!
Quote:
Hi all,

Strangely enough, just recently there has been a small burst of complaints about this problem, which has caused us to put it under the microscope. Under scrutiny, the problem certainly shows flaws: first of all, the question stem should read "if true," which is a tag-line that the GMAT always puts in such questions (for strengthen/weaken). While small, this tag-line is critical: without it, you are left trying to determine which choices are true and which are false instead of which weaken and which don't. As a result, you wind up having to use outside knowledge to determine which answers are true and which aren't. Specifically, answer choice A requires too much outside information to draw a connection between the quality of hospitals and the public's vulnerability to disease.

We actually pulled the question yesterday for rehab -- before seeing your well-timed post, in fact. Sorry about the issue, and thanks for bringing it to our attention.

Thanks,
Chris

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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 14:43
Expert's post
Please jeremy post your response in one only reply or post. You can write whatever you want without limit in one post. This to maintain clear the thread :) Thanks

In 8 we have to find the answer the NOT weaken the argument or that is irrilevant.

The conclusion is
Quote:
U.S. government have pointed out that this country is the only advanced industrialized
nation without a national vaccine laboratory and suggested that this lack makes the American public more vulnerable
than other developed nations to infectious diseases, such as avian flu


Based on this conclusion, some critics are argued. Then we have to find something that or STRENGTHEN (the fact that US is vulnerable) or be IRRILEVANT to the argument as whole.

In A
Quote:
The high quality of hospitals in the United States is not a factor affecting the public’s vulnerability to infectious
disease.
does the argument true, strong, more heavy. Indeed, A says that U.S a vurnerable

I picke dit wrong and generalyy the exceot question are my favourite question. Howerve, this one put me out of balance due to the conclusion at the beginning, is rare and sometimes this suach question blow my mind. Is really good as question because forces you to stay carefull, to open your eyes. This kind of question this: stay on the look out, here is gmatland, stay suspicious, stay on the frontline. ALWAY.

Does it make sense ?
:)
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 16:51
Hey Carcass, I apologize for the multi-posting. I am relatively new and I need to learn one way or another. So thank you for the heads up.

Your response does make plenty of sense. Your reasoning is clear. I just think that you are missing the conclusion. As you will see, Souvik points out:

"8. The official's conclusion is that people who claim that the U.S. is more vulnerable
[...] Moreover, he cites the high quality of American hospitals, and he adds that many
people he knows from around the world come to the U.S. for medical care..."

So, at least in the opinion of Souvik, the conclusion is in the point of view of he official and not of the critic of the US Gov't.

Later Souvik, among others, states that the question is controversial and under scrutiny. But, based on what we have - the original question, and Souvik's OE - one can see how, if taken to be true, Choice A actually weakens the conclusion. If it is true that the quality of hospitals in the US is not a factor of the vulnerability, then the high quality of said hospitals as a supporting fact behind the conclusion that the critic's claims are wrong is certainly called into question.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2012, 22:21
Expert's post
Guys, dont do this question
IMO, not one second is worth on poorly made questions
Let me know whether you got every other OE clearly.
Next strategy and set??
What do you guys want?
How about some SC this time??
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2012, 03:05
Expert's post
I agree with you :)

Aside 8, the rest was a really good drill. Albeit the majority of people focus too much on meth part of the test, they should attend more your post :)

I would suggest instead RC time, but really good passages. I posted some tough passages, I think is one of the most underrated section of the entire gmat and at the same time is the first that blow your mind completely; because a SC or RC is short but the passages are long and ackward, you can completely lose.

I go for RC, my oopinion :)
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2012, 04:45
souvik101990 wrote:

GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK



Hello all
I got my first 760 on MGMAT CAT 2 so I am extremely happy.
With that happiness I have decided to take a break, devoting my time entirely into gmatclub.

So here is what we are going to do
Each week On this forum we will discuss one main topic of Verbal and go over as much we can, covering everything we can share, including resources and questions.


Update:
"STRENGTHEN" STRATEGY AND SET
"STRENGTHEN" SET Official Explations
"WEAKEN" STRATEGY AND SET
"WEAKEN" SET Official Explations



HI Souvik,
kudos for starting this, I have restarted my GMAT marathon and I am pretty dumb in CR questions :-D sometimes,
timing of your thread matches perfectly well with my preparation and lets hope I help myself by helping others in this thread.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2012, 05:47
Quote:
8. Charter schools are independent public schools that are given greater autonomy in exchange for increased
accountability. Charter school operators are freed from many of the regulations of the traditional public school
bureaucracy, thereby allowing them to pursue more innovative educational ideas than non-charter public schools
can pursue. At the same time, charter schools are held accountable for achieving specific educational outcomes
and are closed down if those outcomes are not met. Which of the following, if true, best supports the assertion
that students attending charter schools will, on average, perform better on assessments of writing ability than
students attending traditional public schools?
• Students who attend schools that emphasize order and discipline perform worse on assessments of writing ability
than students who attend schools that do not emphasize order and discipline.
• The majority of students who score in the 99th percentile on assessments of writing ability attend charter schools.
• Public schools that operate outside of the traditional public school bureaucracy spend more time teaching students
writing than do traditional public schools.
• Students who attend schools that are allowed to experiment with their writing curricula perform better on
assessments of writing ability than students who attend schools that have less flexible curricula.
• There are far more students attending non-charter public schools than students attending charter schools.


I chose (B) for this question and it was wrong, now after reading your answer set, I feel that the correct AC [D] is just a simple rephrase of the assertion that is asked in the Stimulus question.

Is it normal on such Strengthen questions or this is just an exception.
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Re: GMATCLUB VERBAL ATTACK   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2012, 05:47
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