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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2014, 08:37
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Passage-25 GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)
According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


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Last edited by PiyushK on 21 Aug 2014, 00:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems


2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.


3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

Last edited by PiyushK on 13 Aug 2014, 21:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2014, 21:57
5 mins 41 secs
1. D
2. C
3. A

Please provide the OA.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2014, 00:22
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5min 5 sec.
D C A

OA are added above.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2014, 22:54
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First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2015, 02:16
Made mistake in a second one.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2015, 04:55
sunaimshadmani wrote:
First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.



TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems but need different strategies. You can't graft TQM onto other system directly. You need different strategies to make sure that TQM can be worked successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

In other words, you will get the same result as that in 1st paragraph by following different strategies.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 19:20
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2016, 16:01
vishwaprakash wrote:
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.


https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 10228.html
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2016, 09:45
bb61 wrote:

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems


2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.


3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives



I am confused, the green highlighted ones are the answers or the one with Spoiler?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2016, 08:27
For Q2, I think the main thing is that we have to distinguish what was the point of Drucker and what was the point made by the author. Drucker believed that TQM "can work successfully in conjunction with two other older management systems", while the author did not completely agree. The author agreed that all three share "the ultimate objective of increasing profitability", TQM differs from the other two by requiring "fundamentally different strategies...". that's why the answer C: It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2016, 05:46
Responding to a PM. Why option C is better than option B?

The fastest way to eliminate option B (without going into the details below) would be to mark the word "an" before "exception" and realize that there are more than one systems mentioned in paragraph B.

Now to details....

Option B: The first paragraph describes a general PRINCIPLE. The second discusses AN EXCEPTION.
The PRINCIPLE in the first paragraph is that TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school. In order for B to be correct, we require an example which is an EXCEPTION to this principle, i.e. an example (exception) that shows that TQM is NOT consistent with rationalist and HR schools. Such exception is not shown in paragraph 2.
Moreover the second paragraph does not discuss AN (one) exception (even if it were an exception), but many other systems that are not consistent with TQM:

Option C: First paragraph presents a CLAIM. The second provides information that QUALIFIES the claim.
The claim is that TQM CAN WORK SUCCESSFULLY in conjunction with 2 other principles. The PRINCIPLE mentioned above (TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school) is used to support this claim.

The second paragraph qualifies the claim providing the information that TQM cannot be grafted to other non-TQM systems ( i.e. TQM is not consistent with other systems) and thereby adds reservation to the above CLAIM. ( qualify = add reservation to)

Therefore C is better than B.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 06:22
Took 7 mins :( , including 2 mins 10 seconds to read the passage
-The passage talks about TQM and its relationship with other management systems
- The passage talks about other management systems as well and describes their roles in helping productivity

1.
Option (D) is the right answer as it clearly describes the author’s intent in writing the passage

2.
Answer C

3.
"TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability"
Answer A
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2016, 06:22
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