GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem : GMAT Reading Comprehension (RC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 19 Jan 2017, 09:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 992
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 164

Kudos [?]: 1460 [1] , given: 227

GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2014, 07:37
1
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Question 1
00:00

Question Stats:

56% (02:59) correct 44% (01:58) wrong based on 131

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00

Question Stats:

32% (01:44) correct 68% (00:40) wrong based on 130

### HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00

Question Stats:

66% (02:33) correct 34% (01:35) wrong based on 126

### HideShow timer Statistics

NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation

Passage-25 GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)
According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Last edited by PiyushK on 20 Aug 2014, 23:22, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2012
Posts: 131
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 79 [2] , given: 101

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2014, 08:22
2
KUDOS

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

Last edited by PiyushK on 13 Aug 2014, 20:32, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 25 Apr 2014
Posts: 154
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 1474

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2014, 20:57
5 mins 41 secs
1. D
2. C
3. A

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 992
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 164

Kudos [?]: 1460 [1] , given: 227

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2014, 23:22
1
KUDOS
5min 5 sec.
D C A

_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2014
Posts: 74
GMAT 1: 630 Q42 V35
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [3] , given: 51

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Dec 2014, 21:54
3
KUDOS
First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.
Chat Moderator
Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 748
Concentration: Strategy, Healthcare
Schools: Sloan '18 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V41
GPA: 4
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 166 [0], given: 537

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2015, 01:16
Made mistake in a second one.
_________________

If my post was helpful, press Kudos. If not, then just press Kudos !!!

Manager
Joined: 11 Sep 2013
Posts: 153
Concentration: Finance, Finance
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 156

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2015, 03:55
First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.

TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems but need different strategies. You can't graft TQM onto other system directly. You need different strategies to make sure that TQM can be worked successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

In other words, you will get the same result as that in 1st paragraph by following different strategies.
Joined: 24 Oct 2012
Posts: 198
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 93 [0], given: 45

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Sep 2015, 18:20
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.
Intern
Joined: 03 Dec 2014
Posts: 21
GMAT 1: 620 Q43 V32
GPA: 2.9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 486

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Feb 2016, 15:01
vishwaprakash wrote:
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 10228.html
Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2015
Posts: 56
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 366

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Apr 2016, 08:45
bb61 wrote:

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

I am confused, the green highlighted ones are the answers or the one with Spoiler?
Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 20
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V38
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 420

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2016, 07:27
For Q2, I think the main thing is that we have to distinguish what was the point of Drucker and what was the point made by the author. Drucker believed that TQM "can work successfully in conjunction with two other older management systems", while the author did not completely agree. The author agreed that all three share "the ultimate objective of increasing profitability", TQM differs from the other two by requiring "fundamentally different strategies...". that's why the answer C: It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2341
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 357

Kudos [?]: 1488 [2] , given: 20

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2016, 04:46
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
Responding to a PM. Why option C is better than option B?

The fastest way to eliminate option B (without going into the details below) would be to mark the word "an" before "exception" and realize that there are more than one systems mentioned in paragraph B.

Now to details....

Option B: The first paragraph describes a general PRINCIPLE. The second discusses AN EXCEPTION.
The PRINCIPLE in the first paragraph is that TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school. In order for B to be correct, we require an example which is an EXCEPTION to this principle, i.e. an example (exception) that shows that TQM is NOT consistent with rationalist and HR schools. Such exception is not shown in paragraph 2.
Moreover the second paragraph does not discuss AN (one) exception (even if it were an exception), but many other systems that are not consistent with TQM:

Option C: First paragraph presents a CLAIM. The second provides information that QUALIFIES the claim.
The claim is that TQM CAN WORK SUCCESSFULLY in conjunction with 2 other principles. The PRINCIPLE mentioned above (TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school) is used to support this claim.

The second paragraph qualifies the claim providing the information that TQM cannot be grafted to other non-TQM systems ( i.e. TQM is not consistent with other systems) and thereby adds reservation to the above CLAIM. ( qualify = add reservation to)

Therefore C is better than B.
Math Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 937
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 39

Kudos [?]: 382 [0], given: 58

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2016, 05:22
Took 7 mins , including 2 mins 10 seconds to read the passage
-The passage talks about TQM and its relationship with other management systems
- The passage talks about other management systems as well and describes their roles in helping productivity

1.
Option (D) is the right answer as it clearly describes the author’s intent in writing the passage

2.

3.
"TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability"
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 948
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q50 V32
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.65
WE: Brand Management (Health Care)
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 235 [0], given: 33

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2016, 06:11
Time Taken : 6 mins. Got Question 2 wrong.

It seems a 700 level passage.
_________________

Thanks.

Manager
Joined: 29 May 2016
Posts: 96
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 176

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2016, 21:01
Took 9 min got all right....I know time was supposed to be less than 7 min.
Manager
Joined: 15 Apr 2016
Posts: 90
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 66

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2016, 11:43

where is the claim qualified in second paragraph ?
_________________

Cheers,
Shri
-------------------------------
GMAT is not an Exam... it is a war .. Let's Conquer !!!

Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2014
Posts: 61
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V31
GPA: 2.75
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 82

Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Dec 2016, 18:24
Shrivathsan wrote:

where is the claim qualified in second paragraph ?

Qualify a claim means to explain whether the claim is right or wrong.

Here second para is telling that claim is wrong because there are differences between older 2 theories and TQM.

I hope that this will help.
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2016, 18:24
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Western Managers 2 22 Mar 2015, 03:07
17 GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Conventional wisdom has it that large 14 12 Aug 2014, 06:54
8 GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Comparable worth, as a standard applied 8 12 Aug 2014, 04:56
20 GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Some historians contend that conditions 17 12 Aug 2014, 02:24
24 GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Citing the fact that the real gross 24 12 Aug 2014, 02:03
Display posts from previous: Sort by