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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2014, 02:47
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Colonial historian David Allen's intensive study of five communities in seventeenth-century Massachusetts is a model of meticulous scholarship on the detailed microcosmic level, and is convincing up to a point. Allen suggests that much more coherence and direct continuity existed between English and colonial agricultural practices and administrative organization than other historians have suggested. However, he overstates his case with the declaration that he has proved "the remarkable extent to which diversity in New England local institutions was directly imitative of regional differences in the mother country.

Such an assertion ignores critical differences between seventeenth—century England and New England. First, England was overcrowded and land-hungry; New England was sparsely populated and labor-hungry. Second, England suffered the normal European rate of mortality; New England, especially in the first generation of English colonists, was virtually free from infectious diseases. Third, England had an all-embracing state church; in New England membership in a church was restricted to the elect. Fourth, a high proportion of English villagers lived under paternalistic resident squires; no such class existed in New England. By narrowing his focus to village institutions and ignoring these critical differences, which studies by Greven, Demos, and Lockridge have shown to be so important, Allen has created a somewhat distorted picture of reality.

Allen's work is a rather extreme example of the "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history whose intemperate excesses in removing all national issues from the history of that period have been exposed by Professor Clive Holmes. What conclusion can be drawn, for example, from Allen's discovery that Puritan clergy who had come to the colonies from East Anglia were one-third to one-half as likely to return to England by 1660 as were Puritan ministers from western and northern England? We are not told in what way, if at all, this discovery illuminates historical understanding. Studies of local history have enormously expanded our horizons, but it is a mistake for their authors to conclude that village institutions are all that mattered, simply because their functions are all that the records of village institutions reveal.
1. The passage suggests that Professor Clive Holmes would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A. An understanding of seventeenth-century English local institutions requires a consideration of national issues.
B. The "country community" school of seventeenth- century English history distorts historical evidence in order to establish continuity between old and new institutions.
C. Most historians distort reality by focusing on national concerns to the exclusion of local concerns.
D. National issues are best understood from the perspective of those at the local level.
E. Local histories of seventeenth-century English villages have contributed little to the understanding of village life.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author of the passage considers Allen's "discovery" (see highlighted text) to be
A. already known to earlier historians
B. based on a logical fallacy
C. improbable but nevertheless convincing
D. an unexplained, isolated fact
E. a new, insightful observation
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage considers Allen's research on seventeenth-century Massachusetts colonies to be
A. inconsequential but interesting
B. largely derivative
C. detailed but problematic
D. highly commendable
E. overly theoretical
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of most villages in seventeenth-century England?
A. The resident squire had significant authority.
B. Church members were selected on the basis of their social status within the community.
C. Low population density restricted agricultural and economic growth.
D. There was little diversity in local institutions from one region to another.
E. National events had little impact on local customs and administrative organization.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


5. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
A. substantiating a claim about a historical event
B. reconciling two opposing ideas about a historical era
C. disputing evidence a scholar uses to substantiate a claim about a historical event
D. analyzing two approaches to scholarly research and evaluating their methodologies
E. criticizing a particular study and the approach to historical scholarship it represents
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


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Last edited by PiyushK on 25 Aug 2014, 00:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2014, 20:24

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 15 Aug 2014, 02:04
Time taken 14 mins.
1. The passage suggests that Professor Clive Holmes would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A. An understanding of seventeenth-century English local institutions requires a consideration of national issues.
"...the "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history whose intemperate excesses in removing all national issues from the history of that period have been exposed by Professor Clive Holmes"

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author of the passage considers Allen's "discovery" (see highlighted text) to be
D. an unexplained, isolated fact
"We are not told in what way, if at all, this discovery illuminates historical understanding."

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage considers Allen's research on seventeenth-century Massachusetts colonies to be
C. detailed but problematic
"Colonial historian David Allen's intensive study of five communities in seventeenth-century Massachusetts is a model of meticulous scholarship on the detailed microcosmic level, and is convincing up to a point.
blah blah
However, he overstates his case with the declaration....
"

5. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
E. criticizing a particular study and the approach to historical scholarship it represents

4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of most villages in seventeenth-century England?
A. The resident squire had significant authority.
B. Church members were selected on the basis of their social status within the community.
C. Low population density restricted agricultural and economic growth.
D. There was little diversity in local institutions from one region to another.
E. National events had little impact on local customs and administrative organization.
>> Need help with this one.
By POE I can reach to A but don't know how to infer that from para. I was stumped by option D in starting bec of following line:
"Allen suggests that much more coherence and direct continuity existed between English and colonial agricultural practices and administrative organization than other historians have suggested. ".But after rereading i found the difference.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2014, 06:38
Expert's post
JarvisR wrote:
Time taken 14 mins.
1. The passage suggests that Professor Clive Holmes would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A. An understanding of seventeenth-century English local institutions requires a consideration of national issues.
"...the "country community" school of seventeenth-century English history whose intemperate excesses in removing all national issues from the history of that period have been exposed by Professor Clive Holmes"

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the author of the passage considers Allen's "discovery" (see highlighted text) to be
D. an unexplained, isolated fact
"We are not told in what way, if at all, this discovery illuminates historical understanding."

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage considers Allen's research on seventeenth-century Massachusetts colonies to be
C. detailed but problematic
"Colonial historian David Allen's intensive study of five communities in seventeenth-century Massachusetts is a model of meticulous scholarship on the detailed microcosmic level, and is convincing up to a point.
blah blah
However, he overstates his case with the declaration....
"

5. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with
E. criticizing a particular study and the approach to historical scholarship it represents

4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of most villages in seventeenth-century England?
A. The resident squire had significant authority.
B. Church members were selected on the basis of their social status within the community.
C. Low population density restricted agricultural and economic growth.
D. There was little diversity in local institutions from one region to another.
E. National events had little impact on local customs and administrative organization.
>> Need help with this one.
By POE I can reach to A but don't know how to infer that from para. I was stumped by option D in starting bec of following line:
"Allen suggests that much more coherence and direct continuity existed between English and colonial agricultural practices and administrative organization than other historians have suggested. ".But after rereading i found the difference.


Hi there,

Thanks for posting your question here. :-)

Since, Q#4 is an open ended question, we need to rely on the PoE to get to the correct answer.

Choice A - This one is the correct answer as the passage clearly mentions that " a high proportion of English villagers lived under paternalistic resident squires;".

Choice B - This cannot be the correct answer because the passage only says that the Church was open for the elects. It does not mention on what criteria was one elected.

Choice C - This information is not present in the passage.

Choice D - This is not the correct answer. Pay attention to this part in the passage - "However, he overstates his case with the declaration that he has proved "the remarkable extent to which diversity in New England local institutions was directly imitative of regional differences in the mother country." This part suggests that there was enough diversity in the local institutions from one region to another in English villages too and that's why Allen made this point in this studies. However, he over stated this similarity in comparing the New England villages with the England villages.

Choice E - There is no mention of national events in the passage.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2014, 09:56
8 mins 14 secs
1. A
2. D
3. C
4. A
5. E
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2014, 17:03
Hi,

Can anyone provide a detailed explanation for question number 5
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -Colonial historian David Allen's intens   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2014, 17:03
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