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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -In a new book about the antiparty feeli

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New post 12 Aug 2014, 07:00
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Passage-16 GMATPrep RCs-Collection(Main article)
In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States, Ralph Ketcham argues that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England. In this view, government was designed not to satisfy the private desires of the people but to make them better citizens; this tradition stressed the disinterested devotion of political leaders to the public good. Justice, wisdom, and courage were more important qualities in a leader than the ability to organize voters and win elections. Indeed, leaders were supposed to be called to office rather than to run for office. And if they took up the burdens of public office with a sense of duty, leaders also believed that such offices were naturally their due because of their social preeminence or their contributions to the country. Given this classical conception of leadership, it is not surprising that the first six Presidents condemned political parties. Parties were partial by definition, self-interested, and therefore serving something other than the transcendent public good.

Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. Commerce--its profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals. Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, and under the direction of Van Buren, party gained a new legitimacy. The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
A. describing and comparing two theories about the early history of the United States
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
C. discussing new evidence that qualifies a theory about the early history of the United States
D. refuting a theory about political leadership in the United States
E. resolving an ambiguity in an argument about political leadership in the United States
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


2. According to the passage, the author and Ketcham agree on which of the following points?
A. The first six Presidents held the same ideas about political parties as did later Presidents in the United States.
B. Classical ideals supported the growth of commercial forces in the United States.
C. The first political parties in the United States were formed during Van Buren's term in office.
D. The first six Presidents placed great emphasis on individualism and civil rights.
E. Widespread acceptance of political parties occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are
A. values closely associated with the beliefs of the aristocracy of the early United States
B. political rights less compatible with democracy and individualism than with classical ideals
C. political rights uninfluenced by the formation of opposing political parties
D. values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
E. values whose interpretation would have been agreed on by all United States Presidents
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
B. Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.
C. During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.
D. More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.
E. Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?
A. He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six Presidents of the United States.
B. He fails to recognize that classical ideals had little influence on politics in the United States.
C. He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals.
D. He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.
E. He underestimates the effect of ideologies other than the humanist tradition on the first six Presidents.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


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Last edited by PiyushK on 16 Aug 2014, 03:03, edited 2 times in total.
OA added
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New post 12 Aug 2014, 08:18

Time taken 13 mins. Is it bad? <Updated time:10 mins>
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
Argument first descibes the era of earlier leadership (first 6 presidents) .
From second para, it introduces the changes in the system since the era of later Presidents.Finally, it mentions it views on the pros and cons of both the eras.

2. According to the passage, the author and Ketcham agree on which of the following points?
A. The first six Presidents held the same ideas about political parties as did later Presidents in the United States.
B. Classical ideals supported the growth of commercial forces in the United States.
C. The first political parties in the United States were formed during Van Buren's term in office.
D. The first six Presidents placed great emphasis on individualism and civil rights.
E. Widespread acceptance of political parties occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency.
>> For me it was between C &E. C is wrong bec arg says that Party found legal status but that doesn't mean they weren't formed before that.

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are
D. values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
"the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."

4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
"he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, "

5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?
C. He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals.
"Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. "
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Last edited by JarvisR on 20 Jul 2015, 20:56, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 12 Aug 2014, 08:49
13 min is not bad with med-long passage and with 5 questions.
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New post 20 Aug 2014, 22:20
10 mins 47 secs
1. B
2. E (Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. )
3. D
4. A
5. C

Please provide the OA.
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New post 21 Aug 2014, 03:24
maggie27 wrote:
10 mins 47 secs
1. B
2. E (Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. )
3. D
4. A
5. C

Please provide the OA.


OAs were already updated.
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New post 19 Sep 2014, 07:58
8:41. All correct! thanks for the boost!
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New post 21 Sep 2014, 00:09
10 min 41 secs All Correct!!!!

How will one rate this passage in terms Difficulty ?
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New post 05 Nov 2014, 00:51
Could anyone please explain why option A is only chosen for Question 4 ( Which of the following provides LEAST Support)

My take from a given line in the passage: Since Commerce starting coming up under Jackson's rule, Commercialization was considered as the enemy of the classical ideals.........Although Ketcham does not cover this STRUGGLE.

So basically what is implied is that commerce had to struggle to come its way up. Then WHY is option A which in a way states that struggle(many protests against commercialization) considered as the one that provides LEAST support?

Please clarify.
Would be really helpful.
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New post 26 Nov 2014, 23:59
time taken: 10:00
4th question incorrect.
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New post 14 Apr 2015, 07:20
dream21 wrote:
10 min 41 secs All Correct!!!!

How will one rate this passage in terms Difficulty ?


9:30 and one mistake.

It's an easy passage so I will evaluate it about a 500 pts passage but i'm not a specialist.
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New post 26 Jun 2015, 08:10
1B 2E 3D 4A 5C All Correct

5 minutes 26 seconds
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New post 22 Dec 2015, 16:43
could someone explain why 3 is D and why 5 isn't E?
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New post 11 May 2016, 07:56
Hi,

Thank you for posting such good question however I am unable to understand why 1B is correct , if someone can please help me understand . Would really appreciate. As per my reasoning E should be the answer of Q1. Please help.

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New post 25 Jul 2016, 22:22
Time Taken=9 min
Got 4th question wrong...
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New post 26 Jul 2016, 02:54
9 min,40 seconds.
All correct
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New post 03 Aug 2016, 12:50
13 mins
all correct
got stuck on the 4th question ,wasted too much time.
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New post 17 Aug 2016, 00:56
Interesting passage , took a lot of time to solve 4th question , still got it incorrect :cry:
10 mins , including 3 mins to read

- antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States - classical conception of leadership
- commercial forces - profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals
- classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press

1.
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States

2 . " Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism."
Answer E

3. " the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."
Answer D

5. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline.
Answer C
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New post 17 Aug 2016, 01:15
Quote:
4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency ?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
B. Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.
C. During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.
D. More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.
E. Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt.



The below is Ron's answer to the above question - https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 11468.html

first, you have to figure out what the highlighted thing means. (in general, if a question prompt contains vague words, you must clarify the vague language before answering the question.)

the highlighted thing, from the passage, means:
"he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. "

(A) RESISTED commerce -- there's your correct answer.
(B) they started to accept parties, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(C) they started to accept modern commerce, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(D) jackson's opponents opposed him because he supported commerce, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(E) the classical ideals were anti-parties, so jackson's drifting away from those ideals supports the highlighted thing.

here (a) is the clear favorite, since it's the only answer choice that directly contradicts the highlighted thing.
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New post 22 Aug 2016, 01:26
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Another question from this passage:

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Ketcham?

a) He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six presidents of the US.
b) He fails to recognize that classical ideals has little influence on politics in the US.
c) He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first six presidents' commitment to classical ideals.
d) He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.
e) He underestimates the effect of ideology other than the humanist tradition on the first six president.

OA: C

I narrowed it down to A & C but ended up choosing A which was incorrect. I picked it because the passage says "Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century." So that's why thought that Ketcham had "overemphasized the influence of classical ideals" even since the first president.

In hindsight, I understand why C is correct but not clear enough for me to make the distinction on the actual test. Can you better explain why C is correct and how I can avoid picking an answer like A?

Thanks!
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -In a new book about the antiparty feeli   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2016, 01:26
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