Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 27 Jul 2016, 18:32

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# GmatPrep question

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 29 Jul 2010
Posts: 4
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2013, 04:25
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (02:16) correct 22% (01:31) wrong based on 107 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The below SC question is from Gmat prep software , could you please clarify my below doubt.

When an active tooth in the shark’s jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

A. When an active tooth in the shark’s jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.
B. Whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, which are each ready to slide into the appropriate position.
C. Many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, each one of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position when an active tooth is lost or worn down.
D. The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.
E. In the shark’s jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

Ans: E.
My analysis:
In the shark's jaw: this is a prepositional phrase modifying " lie"
many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve: this is a Independent clause with subject :teeth an verb: lie.
each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.: this is a modifier modifying teeth.

But my doubt is what kind of modifier is this"each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.T
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Attachments

GmatPrep-Q.jpg [ 3.36 MiB | Viewed 1685 times ]

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 3260
Followers: 1092

Kudos [?]: 4788 [1] , given: 53

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2013, 13:17
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
My analysis:
In the shark's jaw: this is a prepositional phrase modifying " lie"
many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve: this is a Independent clause with subject :teeth an verb: lie.
each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.: this is a modifier modifying teeth.

But my doubt is what kind of modifier is this"each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.T

That's an excellent question, and I'm happy to help.

Here's the OA, version (E):
In the shark’s jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.
You are perfectly correct about the independent clause --- "many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve" is the one independent clause in this sentence, with "many spare teeth" as the main subject of the sentence and "lie" as the main verb.

After the comma, the phrase starting with "each one .." is a sophisticated structure known as an absolute phrase. See
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/
An absolute phrase has the structure
[noun]+[noun modifier]
and it is a somewhat independent structure, sometimes modifying the entire independent clause, and sometimes just a part. Here, we have an indefinite pronoun, "each one", in the place of the noun, referring to the teeth. An absolute phrase is a phrase --- no bonafide verb, so it never can be clause on its own.

This is a structure you would find in sophisticated reading. How much do you read? Reading challenging English material is the best way to develop an ear for sophisticated grammatical structure such as this. Here are some suggestions for reading:

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1966
Followers: 1904

Kudos [?]: 6239 [0], given: 253

### Show Tags

29 Nov 2013, 12:12
Expert's post
Hi Jose,

Thanks for posting your query here.

Great job with the analysis! Since 'one' is a pronoun, and pronouns function as nouns, the modifier "each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down" functions as a noun phrase modifying "teeth". So we have a noun + noun modifier here.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna
_________________

1158 reviews | '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8808
Followers: 771

Kudos [?]: 159 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

24 Dec 2014, 12:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8808
Followers: 771

Kudos [?]: 159 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 May 2016, 13:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: GmatPrep question   [#permalink] 27 May 2016, 13:39
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Gmat prep question 8 21 Apr 2010, 12:23
Explanations for GMAT Prep Questions 0 01 Feb 2010, 15:29
Doubt in GMAT Prep Question 3 04 Jan 2010, 05:43
gmat prep question. 2 20 Sep 2009, 11:28
GMAT PREP SC questions.. 6 08 Jun 2009, 06:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by