Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 18 Jan 2017, 10:45

STARTING SOON:

Open Admission Chat with MBA Experts of Personal MBA Coach - Join Chat Room to Participate.

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2010
Posts: 248
Schools: LBS, Oxford
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 12

Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Jul 2011, 01:11
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:54) correct 32% (01:34) wrong based on 22 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. How many different arrangements of finishes are there if No Hope always finishes before Goldenrod and if all of the horses finish the race?

(A) 720
(B) 360
(C) 120
(D) 24
(E) 21

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: goldenrod-and-no-hope-are-in-a-horse-race-with-6-contestants-82214.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Current Student
Joined: 26 May 2005
Posts: 565
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 13

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Jul 2011, 01:14
Alchemist1320 wrote:
Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. How many different arrangements of finishes are there if No Hope always finishes before Goldenrod and if all of the horses finish the race?

(A) 720
(B) 360
(C) 120
(D) 24
(E) 21

no hope finishing before goldenrod= 1/2 of the times
therefore the different arrangements are 1/2* 6! = 360 = B
Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2010
Posts: 248
Schools: LBS, Oxford
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 12

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Jul 2011, 01:18
vow...thats really smart way to solve this

thanks
Intern
Joined: 29 Jun 2011
Posts: 37
Location: Yugoslavia
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.72
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 3

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Jul 2011, 17:26
If anyone has the time, could you please elaborate on this? Why divide by 2? If the Goldenrod is always head, aren't there more than 1/2 ways for him to be ahead?
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2011
Posts: 268
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 454 [0], given: 13

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Jul 2011, 20:25
sudhir18n wrote:
Alchemist1320 wrote:
Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. How many different arrangements of finishes are there if No Hope always finishes before Goldenrod and if all of the horses finish the race?

(A) 720
(B) 360
(C) 120
(D) 24
(E) 21

no hope finishing before goldenrod= 1/2 of the times
therefore the different arrangements are 1/2* 6! = 360 = B

I don't get this intuition. Please kindly explain :D
_________________

Powerscore CR Bible Full Chapter Notes | Easily Extend Vocabulary List with Google Dictionary

Please kudo me if you found my post useful. Thanks!!!

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7121
Location: Pune, India
Followers: 2133

Kudos [?]: 13639 [1] , given: 222

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Jul 2011, 20:39
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Let's work on a simplistic example first:

There are 3 contestants A, B and C. In how many different ways can they finish a race? The following arrangements are possible
A B C
A C B
B A C
B C A
C A B
C B A
A total of 3! = 6 arrangements. The first position is occupied by the contestant whose name is written first i.e. A B C implies A stand first, B second and C third.
In how many of these is A ahead of B? We count and get 3 (A B C, A C B and C A B)
In how many of these is B ahead of A? We count and get 3 again (B A C, B C A, C B A)
The question is that out of 6 arrangements why is it that in half A is ahead and in the other half, B is ahead? Because the arrangements are symmetrical. Each element has the same status. Since we are taking into account all arrangements, if half of them are partial toward A, other half have to be partial toward B. There is no difference between A and B.

So if we have 6 contestants and two of them are Goldenrod and Nohope, out of a total of 6! = 720 arrangements, in 360 Goldenrod will be ahead of Nohope and in the other 360, Nohope will be ahead of Goldenrod.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Intern Joined: 29 Jun 2011 Posts: 37 Location: Yugoslavia Concentration: International Business, Entrepreneurship GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V38 GPA: 3.72 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 3 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 19 Jul 2011, 20:49 Makes so much sense now, thank you very much. Posted from my mobile device Current Student Joined: 26 May 2005 Posts: 565 Followers: 18 Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 13 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 19 Jul 2011, 20:57 Mahtab wrote: sudhir18n wrote: Alchemist1320 wrote: Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. How many different arrangements of finishes are there if No Hope always finishes before Goldenrod and if all of the horses finish the race? (A) 720 (B) 360 (C) 120 (D) 24 (E) 21 no hope finishing before goldenrod= 1/2 of the times therefore the different arrangements are 1/2* 6! = 360 = B I don't get this intuition. Please kindly explain :D Hi Mahtab, Not sure why you thought this was intuition? This is actually how the symmetry works, Try any random alphabets , XYZ .. Chances of X ahead of Y will always be 1/2 . This will be true for rest of the alphabets. Manager Joined: 14 Apr 2011 Posts: 199 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 19 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Jul 2011, 14:29 Thanks Karishma! once again great explanation. _________________ Looking for Kudos Manager Status: On... Joined: 16 Jan 2011 Posts: 189 Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 62 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Jul 2011, 20:06 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: Let's work on a simplistic example first: There are 3 contestants A, B and C. In how many different ways can they finish a race? The following arrangements are possible A B C A C B B A C B C A C A B C B A A total of 3! = 6 arrangements. The first position is occupied by the contestant whose name is written first i.e. A B C implies A stand first, B second and C third. In how many of these is A ahead of B? We count and get 3 (A B C, A C B and C A B) In how many of these is B ahead of A? We count and get 3 again (B A C, B C A, C B A) The question is that out of 6 arrangements why is it that in half A is ahead and in the other half, B is ahead? Because the arrangements are symmetrical. Each element has the same status. Since we are taking into account all arrangements, if half of them are partial toward A, other half have to be partial toward B. There is no difference between A and B. So if we have 6 contestants and two of them are Goldenrod and Nohope, out of a total of 6! = 720 arrangements, in 360 Goldenrod will be ahead of Nohope and in the other 360, Nohope will be ahead of Goldenrod. Got the same solution. Just to add upon Karishma's post. PS - Hope she does not mind;) When will the arrangements not be symmetrical ? This will happen when one letter is repeated more than other. In other words - there is higher weightage for one element - So there is more partiality and symmetry is not there... You can try with an example say AABC and see how many times A comes before B and B comes before A. Sign off for the night on a philosophical note - Nature does not love symmetry but we humans love symmetry - All it takes for a person to look beautiful are to have his eyes, nose, ears, etc in symmetry _________________ Labor cost for typing this post >= Labor cost for pushing the Kudos Button http://gmatclub.com/forum/kudos-what-are-they-and-why-we-have-them-94812.html Manager Joined: 25 Jun 2008 Posts: 129 Concentration: General Management, Technology Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 5 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 20 Jul 2011, 20:23 VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: Let's work on a simplistic example first: There are 3 contestants A, B and C. In how many different ways can they finish a race? The following arrangements are possible A B C A C B B A C B C A C A B C B A A total of 3! = 6 arrangements. The first position is occupied by the contestant whose name is written first i.e. A B C implies A stand first, B second and C third. In how many of these is A ahead of B? We count and get 3 (A B C, A C B and C A B) In how many of these is B ahead of A? We count and get 3 again (B A C, B C A, C B A) The question is that out of 6 arrangements why is it that in half A is ahead and in the other half, B is ahead? Because the arrangements are symmetrical. Each element has the same status. Since we are taking into account all arrangements, if half of them are partial toward A, other half have to be partial toward B. There is no difference between A and B. So if we have 6 contestants and two of them are Goldenrod and Nohope, out of a total of 6! = 720 arrangements, in 360 Goldenrod will be ahead of Nohope and in the other 360, Nohope will be ahead of Goldenrod. Great explanation, thank you! Intern Joined: 28 Mar 2011 Posts: 25 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 7 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 06 Aug 2011, 14:04 Alchemist1320 wrote: Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. Dont know if this question sounds little stupid, but , i want to clear it.. Shouldnt the total number of participants be considered 8. The reason is that "Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants", my reasoning is, when i tell i am walking with 2 people, it means there are totally 3. Am i thinking wrongly or how is it ? Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7121 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2133 Kudos [?]: 13639 [1] , given: 222 Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink] Show Tags 06 Aug 2011, 19:56 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post mustu wrote: Alchemist1320 wrote: Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants. Dont know if this question sounds little stupid, but , i want to clear it.. Shouldnt the total number of participants be considered 8. The reason is that "Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants", my reasoning is, when i tell i am walking with 2 people, it means there are totally 3. Am i thinking wrongly or how is it ? The given statement means that Goldenrod and No Hope are a part of [highlight]a horse race with 6 contestants[/highlight] (the horse race has 6 contestants). If the question wanted to say that there are 8 contestants, it would have said, "Goldenrod and No Hope are a part of a horse race with 6 other contestants." _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Intern
Joined: 28 Mar 2011
Posts: 25
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 7

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Aug 2011, 03:02
Thanks Karishma , Kudos
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 69
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Aug 2011, 05:40
I understood why the ans is 360, but can someone explain me why my method is wrong?

My variant:
there are 6 places _ _ _ _ _ _
If NH 1st there are 5 places left for another horse 1 _ _ _ _ _ (i.e. 5 variants)
if NH 2nd there are 4 places possible for another horse _ 2 _ _ _ _ (i.e. 4 variants)
If we continue we receive 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1 i.e. 5! = 120.

What I missed?
Intern
Joined: 05 Mar 2011
Posts: 1
Location: China
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 4

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Aug 2011, 06:37
alexpiers wrote:
I understood why the ans is 360, but can someone explain me why my method is wrong?

My variant:
there are 6 places _ _ _ _ _ _
If NH 1st there are 5 places left for another horse 1 _ _ _ _ _ (i.e. 5 variants)
if NH 2nd there are 4 places possible for another horse _ 2 _ _ _ _ (i.e. 4 variants)
If we continue we receive 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1 i.e. 5! = 120.

What I missed?

I am not sure whether I have found it correctly or not. I guess you have calculated the variants by taking only one horse into consideration. In this case we have to consider both the horses.

here is how i solved this problem
Rule : NH always finishes ahead of G
Possibilities
Lets assume that NH finishes 1st. In this case, the other horses can be arranged in 5! ways - 120( Rule Satisfied)
NH finishes 2nd. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 = 4!*4 = 96
NH finishes 3rd. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 4 or 5 or 6 = 4! * 3 = 72
NH finishes 4th. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 5 or 6 = 4! * 2 = 48
NH finishes 5th. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take only 6 = 4! * 1 = 24

So the total way of arranging is 120+96+72+48+21 = 24(5+4+3+2+1) = 360

hope this helps.
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 69
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ? [#permalink]

Show Tags

08 Aug 2011, 07:11
aravicamp wrote:
alexpiers wrote:
I understood why the ans is 360, but can someone explain me why my method is wrong?

My variant:
there are 6 places _ _ _ _ _ _
If NH 1st there are 5 places left for another horse 1 _ _ _ _ _ (i.e. 5 variants)
if NH 2nd there are 4 places possible for another horse _ 2 _ _ _ _ (i.e. 4 variants)
If we continue we receive 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1 i.e. 5! = 120.

What I missed?

I am not sure whether I have found it correctly or not. I guess you have calculated the variants by taking only one horse into consideration. In this case we have to consider both the horses.

here is how i solved this problem
Rule : NH always finishes ahead of G
Possibilities
Lets assume that NH finishes 1st. In this case, the other horses can be arranged in 5! ways - 120( Rule Satisfied)
NH finishes 2nd. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 = 4!*4 = 96
NH finishes 3rd. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 4 or 5 or 6 = 4! * 3 = 72
NH finishes 4th. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take 5 or 6 = 4! * 2 = 48
NH finishes 5th. Apart from G other horses can be arranged in 4! ways and G can take only 6 = 4! * 1 = 24

So the total way of arranging is 120+96+72+48+21 = 24(5+4+3+2+1) = 360

hope this helps.

Thanks! I understood my mistake: I counted only outcomes with 2 horses and forget about 4 others. That is why I have only 5*4*3*2 instead of 5!+4!+3!+2!
Re: How many different arrangements of finishes ?   [#permalink] 08 Aug 2011, 07:11
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 In a horse race, the winning horse's nose crosses the finish line 6 4 16 Jan 2017, 08:32
11 In a horse race, horse A runs clockwise 5 08 May 2014, 08:40
18 A ranch has both horses and ponies. Exactly 5/6 of the 15 10 May 2012, 05:10
49 On a race track a maximum of 5 horses can race together at 27 10 Oct 2009, 02:56
34 Goldenrod and No Hope are in a horse race with 6 contestants 18 10 Aug 2009, 19:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by