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Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from

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Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2014, 08:27
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Question Stats:

61% (01:50) correct 39% (01:07) wrong based on 204 sessions
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it , can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zatmah on 06 Feb 2014, 12:05, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: GOOD ONE [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2014, 08:29
Zatmah wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories


My questions is how can A be correct ? "it" has no clear antecedent , it could refer to "sun" or "heat" . As a matter fact I do not find any correct !!! Help
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Re: GOOD ONE [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2014, 08:36
In GMAT, ambiguity ,such as the one you are talking about here, is no longer an issue as long as sentence is meaningful. GMAT gives preference to meaning and here, we have 'heat' as the most meaningful logical referent for 'it'. Can we say that 'burning calories to generate 'sun'?

Hope it makes sense. :-)

Zatmah wrote:
Zatmah wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it, can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories


My questions is how can A be correct ? "it" has no clear antecedent , it could refer to "sun" or "heat" . As a matter fact I do not find any correct !!! Help
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Re: GOOD ONE [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2014, 10:08
Hi,

Please underline the portion of the sentence and also rename the topic with the beginning of the sentence instead of " a good one"

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html

Thank you
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from [#permalink] New post 19 Aug 2014, 09:49
Zatmah wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it , can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories


Why C is not a correct answer ? As it seems A has parallelism mistake . In option A "drawing their body heat " is made parallel to "burning calories" where as it should be "generating it" . Option C provides correct parallelism. Please respond.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from [#permalink] New post 20 Aug 2014, 08:41
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dransa wrote:
As it seems A has parallelism mistake . In option A "drawing their body heat " is made parallel to "burning calories" where as it should be "generating it" .

That's not a parallelism mistake. That is the correct parallelism, clearly depicting the intended meaning:

Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than (by) burning calories to generate it.......

In other words, reptiles:
i) draw their body heat directly from the Sun
ii) don't burn calories to generate the body heat
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2015, 04:08
Zatmah wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it , can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

A) rather than burning calories to generate it
B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories
C) and not from generating it by burning calories
D) instead of by burning calories for generating it
E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories


B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories

Not parallel.
by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun: Simple gerund
the generation of body heat by burning calories: Action noun

C) and not from generating it by burning calories

Not parallel. In the first part we have 'from Sun'. Hence, in the second part 'and not from ...' should be parallel to 'Sun'.
'generating it by ...' is not parallel to 'Sun', as the former is a simple gerund, while the latter is a concrete noun.

D) 'instead of': is followed by a preposition, 'by', while it should be followed by a noun or pronoun.

E) Terrible! Not parallel and meaning problem.
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Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from [#permalink] New post 01 Jun 2015, 09:54
Zatmah wrote:
Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it , can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require


Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it , can survive on ten percent of the nourishment that a mammal of similar size would normally require

by drawing their body heat directly from the Sun rather than burning calories to generate it = Non essential modifier.

X Rather than y = Shows preference of X over Y.
Instead of X ,Y = Replace X thing with Y.

Lets understand the meaning of the sentence to determine the correct answer will be rather than/instead of.

Reptiles have 2 options for heating their body -

1. From the sun
2. Burning Calories

The best usage will be rather than since both the options are presented infront of the reptiles and they prefer option 1.

A) rather than burning calories to generate it

from the Sun rather than burning calories

It = Correctly refers to Body heat , hence this option is correct.

B) rather than the generation of body heat by burning calories - Passive and awkward.

C) and not from generating it by burning calories - Can be straigtaway rejected.

D) instead of by burning calories for generating it - Incorrect.

E) instead of body heat generated by burning calories - Passive + Instead of Incorrect.

Hence IMHO (A) looks the best.
Re: Reptiles, by drawing their body heat directly from   [#permalink] 01 Jun 2015, 09:54
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