Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both

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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2005, 22:58
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 56
Page: 139
Difficulty:

Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A: The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
B: The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country's years of growing prosperity.
C: The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
D: In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
E: People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Narenn on 07 Oct 2013, 08:30, edited 2 times in total.
Necessary Corrections for Official Guide Verbal Review 2nd Edition Project
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23 Apr 2005, 23:15
E.

if consumption of grain remains same, there will not be additional grain to produce meat. argument holds.
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24 Apr 2005, 05:53
How to refute B.

If the population of Gortland has decreased, then the total consumption will decrease and Gortland will not have to import either grain or meat or both.

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24 Apr 2005, 09:56
Agree with (E).

chunjuwu wrote:
How to refute B.

even though population is constant, its per capita will keep on increasing(as per eveidence). This assumption has no effect on the argument.
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24 Apr 2005, 18:57
B says that population remains constant. but argument states that per capita income is rising so is consumption of grain and meat. even if population decrease, per capita income may rise to such an extent that it it offsets amount consumed by decreased population.
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27 Apr 2005, 04:12
The OA is (E). Thank you.
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27 Apr 2005, 04:12
The OA is (E). Thank you.
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2007, 03:24
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grains to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortlnad will not decrease substantially
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperity
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jul 2013, 01:08, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA.
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Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2007, 00:12
Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and meat.However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
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06 Apr 2007, 05:49
E.

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
- Decrease in production of grain is not mentioned.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
- proportion of expenditure on food in income is not mentioned.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
- "same rate" is irrelevant.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
- irrelevant

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
- Yes, since ppl will not radically decrease their consumption of grain, Gortland may have to import grain.

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06 Apr 2007, 06:14
Yes. E is the answer. Negation works here.
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06 Apr 2007, 06:35
E.
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06 Apr 2007, 21:24
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E is the answer. If the meat consumption increases, the grain consumption should come down, which will offset partially the production of meat. But if it doesn't happen, then the import becomes necessary
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07 Apr 2007, 22:47
E !
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09 Apr 2007, 19:13
OA is E
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Re: CR: Gortland [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2007, 20:41
faifai0714 wrote:
Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and meat.However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

another E
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10 Apr 2007, 11:14
another E
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10 Apr 2007, 11:22
Most answers are either out-of-scope or are not really an assumption made to derive to the conclusion, except E.

Prod: production, Cons: consumption

Must be: Grain Prod + Meat Prod = Meat Cons + Grain Cons
Grain Prod : SAME
Grain Cons: NO IDEA
Meat Prod: SAME
Meat Cons: UP

In order for the equation to be valid, grain consumption must decrease. Since the author suggest importing grain or meat or both, then he must've assumed that grain consumption will not decrease to balance the equation of production and consumption.

ANSWER: E
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2007, 09:20
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

This question is from OG...

My issue is that in E..if the populate were to decrese, per capita income would still go up, and so would per capita consumption of meat...but if thats the case..there will still be sufficient grain ..since NET demand is falling..

I am not sure why B is wrong...

any takers?
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 07:29
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in
Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world
average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income
continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either
grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing
prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of
grain.

oa after discussion , please post your timing too.
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both   [#permalink] 12 May 2011, 07:29

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