Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 Jan 2017, 04:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
Posts: 863
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 199 [1] , given: 0

Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Dec 2004, 10:38
1
KUDOS
12
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (02:21) correct 27% (01:46) wrong based on 1216 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
(B) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
(D) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

Official Guide 12 Question

 Question: 28 Page: 37 Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Intern
Joined: 12 Dec 2004
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

23 Dec 2004, 14:34
1
KUDOS
Choice E says people will NOT radically decrease consumption of grain - which means the demand could remain the same (if not increased). It is also stated that it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat, and if the consumption of meat increases, it implies that the need for grain automatically increases. And if people do not reduce the consumption of grain, they could fall short of grains (to get the meat), which could call for import of the grains too !!

Cheers !!
Director
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
Posts: 863
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 199 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

23 Dec 2004, 16:05
Oh, I did missed that part. Thanks.
Director
Affiliations: FRM Charter holder
Joined: 02 Dec 2006
Posts: 734
Schools: Stanford, Chicago Booth, Babson College
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 4

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2007, 04:28
E is my answer. If the consumption of grain comes down, then there is no need to import the grain or meat or both.
Manager
Joined: 21 Sep 2006
Posts: 111
Location: Where you mind is
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2007, 23:38
OA is E
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1459
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 256 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2007, 09:35
fresinha12 wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the countryâ€™s years of growing prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.

This question is from OG...

My issue is that in E..if the populate were to decrese, per capita income would still go up, and so would per capita consumption of meat...but if thats the case..there will still be sufficient grain ..since NET demand is falling..

I am not sure why B is wrong...

any takers?

B cannot be right. The consumption of meat depends on the increase in income, not the actual number of population. Say that the population increases during the prosperity period, but those people are the ones with low income, then the consumption of meat will still be the same.
Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 649
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 219 [0], given: 51

### Show Tags

12 May 2011, 23:28
i got this right in 1:15 min, but will post the oa later on
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

VP
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1353
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 10

### Show Tags

12 May 2011, 23:38
Clean E, where negating it gives clear indication that if people stop reduce consumption of grains drastically,the country might not even Import either grains or meat.

E
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

SVP
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1672
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Followers: 33

Kudos [?]: 514 [0], given: 36

### Show Tags

16 May 2011, 00:08
B and E are the ones to be considered. I chose E over B because on a second look at B,if the popultation growth is negated then we havt to consider both rise and fall in population, and these two may have different effects on the argument. For example, if population decreases while total meat consumed is same, the per capita consumption increases and if population groth increases while total meat consumed is same, the per capita consumption decreases.

E states that if both grains and fruits are consumed at an increasing rate, there will be a shortage making import of both necessary.
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 649
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 219 [0], given: 51

### Show Tags

16 May 2011, 02:02
OA is E very clearly.
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2011
Posts: 244
Location: India
GMAT Date: 07-16-2012
GPA: 3.4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 25

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2011, 02:40
I got E within 1 min
_________________

-------Analyze why option A in SC wrong-------

Senior Manager
Status: MBAing!!!!
Joined: 24 Jun 2011
Posts: 311
Location: United States (FL)
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GPA: 3.65
WE: Project Management (Real Estate)
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 56

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2011, 14:26
I got E...It took me 2:08 minutes
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2010
Posts: 109
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 15

### Show Tags

09 Sep 2011, 15:37
garimavyas wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in
Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world
average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income
continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either
grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing
prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of
grain.

E. If the meat consumption increases and grain consumption does not decrease, then it might push Gortland to import meat, grain or both.
Manager
Joined: 31 Aug 2011
Posts: 52
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 18

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 01:11
E. took 1:15 mins!
Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 92
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 06:48
imo E. 00:47
Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 119
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 106 [1] , given: 105

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2014, 17:14
1
KUDOS
Hi,

I agree that if consumption of grain decrease, there is no need for Gortland to import grain! But I still don't understand why there is no need of importing meat in Gortland if consumption of grain decrease and consumption of meat increase?
_________________

Start to fall in love with GMAT <3

Intern
Joined: 05 Feb 2014
Posts: 24
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 8 [2] , given: 25

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2014, 10:41
2
KUDOS
LucyDang wrote:
Hi,

I agree that if consumption of grain decrease, there is no need for Gortland to import grain! But I still don't understand why there is no need of importing meat in Gortland if consumption of grain decrease and consumption of meat increase?

The argument clearly says that the production of meat depends on the amount of grain available. That means, if the consumption of grain decreases and thereby increasing the amount of grain available for meat production, meat production will ultimately increase. Hence, no need to import either grain or meat.

Hope it makes sense
Current Student
Status: The Final Countdown
Joined: 07 Mar 2013
Posts: 297
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V41
GPA: 3.84
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 444

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Dec 2014, 01:22
I could not understand why is option C not even relevant. The author also assumed that all kinds of people are eating more and more meat in gortland..
Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2014
Posts: 39
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 184

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2015, 11:12
1 Meat = 10 grain (it takes several pounds of grain to produce meat)
Consumption Earlier -
Meat - 100 = 1000 grain
Grain - 100
Total Grain = 1100

Choice (E)
Consumption Increase of Meat = 120 = 1200 grain
Consumption decrease of grain (Not Significant) = 90
Total = 1290

Extra = 190 (Need to Import) Leading to Conclusion that there would be need to import
Manager
Joined: 23 Aug 2013
Posts: 80
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 5

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2015, 00:17
Ralphcuisak wrote:
I could not understand why is option C not even relevant. The author also assumed that all kinds of people are eating more and more meat in gortland..

We are only concerned with the increase or decrease in meat consumption, not its increase or decrease across specific income levels. It really does not matter if only a small proportion of the population is eating meat (and contributing to its increased consumption) or if it is consumed by all sections.
_________________

Kudos would be appreciated -:) !

http://www.EnglishForEveryone.in

GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2015, 00:17

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
5 Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient 5 25 Aug 2014, 12:26
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both 0 19 Jul 2012, 12:26
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both 0 19 May 2012, 19:46
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both 0 08 Feb 2013, 22:50
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both 0 16 Aug 2013, 08:17
Display posts from previous: Sort by