GRE Weekly Challenge #8 : GRE
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# GRE Weekly Challenge #8

Author Message
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2011
Posts: 298
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V40
GPA: 3
WE: Operations (Non-Profit and Government)
Followers: 27

Kudos [?]: 215 [0], given: 286

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26 Nov 2011, 07:23
GMAT Club invites you to test your GRE knowledge for a chance to win! Each week, we will post a new Challenge Problem for you to attempt. If you submit the correct answer, you will be entered into that week’s drawing for a free Manhattan GRE Strategy guide (e-book). What are you waiting for? Get out your scrap paper and start solving! Click here to view contest & prize details

This week's question:

3,456 consumers each ranked three brands of toothpaste in order of preference (for instance, a person who likes Brand A most, Brand B second-most, and Brand C least would be considered to have cast a vote for the ranking “ABC”). If the chart on the left indicates the frequency of the consumers’ rankings of the three brands, then the number of people who listed Brand B as their first or second choice is what percent greater than the number of people who listed Brand C as their first or second choice?

a.) 25%
b.) 50%
c.) 100%
d.) 150%
e.) 225%

Edit: This challenge is now closed.

Solution
First, let’s find out what percent of people ranked toothpastes B and C as first or second place:

34+10+19+21 = 84% of people ranked B as first or second place

9+19+7+21 = 56% of people ranked C as first or second place

We are told that 3,456 consumers participated in the study, but this is just a distractor. It is common in Data Interpretation questions that a total is given, but is not required to answer every question. A question that only asks about a percent change between two “pie slices” can be answered with percents alone.

Therefore, the question can now be rephrased as “84 is what percent greater than 56?”

Keep in mind that the question does NOT ask “84 is what percent OF 56?” Let’s examine the difference by introducing a very simple (new) example:

30 is 150% OF 20—That makes sense, because 30 is equal to 100% of 20, plus another 50% of 20.

30 is 50% GREATER THAN 20—That also makes sense, because “greater than” means “in addition to the original 20.” 30 is equal to 20, plus another half of 20. We can calculate this with the percent change formula as well:
$$Percentage Change = |\frac{Difference}{Original}| * 100$$

Back to our problem—the percent change approach will be quite helpful here. 84 is equal to 56, plus half of 56 (which is 28) added back on. Thus, 84 is 50% greater than 56. Or:

$$Percentage Change = |\frac{28}{56}| * 100 = 50%$$

Remember that the formula is “difference over original times 100”—if you want a percent increase, the “original” is the smaller number, and if you want a percent decrease, the “original” is the larger number. Here, we are clearly asked for a percent increase, so 56 is our “original.”

Again, 84 is 50% greater than 56.

The winner of this Week's Challenge is... (drum roll).... Zynga. Congratulations! Please send me a pm with your name, email address and choice of Manhattan GRE Guide

Details on the next challenge are available in the Weekly Challenge Master thread... Stay tuned!
Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2011
Posts: 298
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V40
GPA: 3
WE: Operations (Non-Profit and Government)
Followers: 27

Kudos [?]: 215 [0], given: 286

Re: GRE Weekly Challenge #8 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2011, 18:30
This reply is hidden until the winner is announced.
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 316
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 620 Q39 V35
GMAT 2: 620 Q43 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q50 V40
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 3

Re: GRE Weekly Challenge #8 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2011, 20:30
This reply is hidden until the winner is announced.
_________________

My GMAT Debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/third-time-s-a-charm-142800.html#p1145912
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Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2010
Posts: 210
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Ross '15, Duke '15
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 7

Re: GRE Weekly Challenge #8 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2011, 07:44
This reply is hidden until the winner is announced.
Intern
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: GRE Weekly Challenge #8 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2011, 18:43
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Re: GRE Weekly Challenge #8   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2011, 18:43
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