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So as we see the X structure should be in Future tense. I am sure you are stuck between A/B because even I was but somehow decided on A because it "SOUNDS" better to me and moreover "can be broken" gives better idea about "future uncertainity"
I would pick C since A is passive voice with "broken"and C is active voice. GMAT always prefers Active voice.
Will wait for OA...
You are right, OA is C.
But the real question is.. is it better to have a sentence in a convoluted active voice over a defined passive voice as in choice A. I guess, Gods at GMAC can decide whichever way they want. Any body with a better explanation?. Paul, Praet?
besides the active and passive voice issue, it is a choice between "they" or "these habits". Leading the second clause with "they", which refers back to "many writers" might make the whole sentence a bit clearer...
Hmmm, there are many typos here in this question but I agree with what patrickpui and Praet said. There are 2 problems with A:
1- passive voice
2- ambiguous, improper pronoun reference
Let's tear down A:
1st ind. clause: Many writers of modern English have acquired careless habits that damage the clarity of their prose
2nd ind. clause: these habits can be broken
3rd ind. clause: they are willing to take the necessary trouble
The subject of the 1st ind. clause is many writers. The subject of the second ind. clause is habits. The subject of the third clause is they. As you can see, only the third ind. clause has a pronoun instead of a noun as subject. What does that pronoun "they" refer to? It usually refers to the subject of the previous ind. clause and in this case, it is "habits". As you can see, the referent cannot be habits. Therefore, not only is A passive but it also creates an improper pronoun reference for the third ind. clause. C on the other hand properly uses "they" twice to refer to "many writers". Although it may sound repetitive to use "they" in 2 consecutive ind. clauses, the use of "they" is better because it makes the sentence unambiguous. Added to that is the fact that the sentence is in active voice. Clearly C is best.
Last edited by Paul on 02 Jan 2005, 20:24, edited 2 times in total.