Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the

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Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2007, 20:30
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Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the [u]fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of [/u]a possible link in the evolutionary chain from water-based to land-based organisms.
a. the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of
b. a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provides fossils that are evidence
c. a large scaly creature, whose fossils resemble both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of
d. the fossils of a large scaly creature, which resembles both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of
e. the fossils of a large scaly creature resemble both a fish and a land-animal and provide evidence of
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New post 27 Jun 2007, 21:34
with fossils being the subject, eliminate b and c

get rid of d, provides is singular

e has awkward construction

a is the best choice
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New post 27 Jun 2007, 21:38
A stands.

What has been discovered---->the fossils.

Also, only A maintains the correct SVA :

the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of
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Re: SC: Fossils [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2007, 21:46
ArvGMAT wrote:
Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the [u]fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of [/u]a possible link in the evolutionary chain from water-based to land-based organisms.
a. the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of
b. a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provides fossils that are evidence
c. a large scaly creature, whose fossils resemble both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of
d. the fossils of a large scaly creature, which resembles both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of
e. the fossils of a large scaly creature resemble both a fish and a land-animal and provide evidence of


D - S-V problem fossils <> provides - out
B - creature can not provide fossils - out
C - distorts the meaning
E - Wrong construction and distorts the meaning

A - best
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New post 28 Jun 2007, 06:15
important to recognize fossils are the discovery here, not the creature.
clear A.
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New post 28 Jun 2007, 06:28
Another A.

fossils provide evidence, scaly creature does not.
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Re: SC: Fossils [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 10:01
I need some help determining why E is not correct. Can we get a expert to elaborate?
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Re: SC: Fossils [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 10:19
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Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of a possible link in the evolutionary chain from water-based to land-based organisms.
a. the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of -> PERFECT -> IMO
b. a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provides fossils that are evidence -> ELIMINATE since key discovery is fossils and not the large scaly creature
c. a large scaly creature, whose fossils resemble both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of -> eliminate .. same reason as written in (b)
d. the fossils of a large scaly creature, which resembles both a fish and a land-animal, provides evidence of -> fossils ... proivides violates SVA. -> ELIMINATE
e. the fossils of a large scaly creature resemble both a fish and a land-animal and provide evidence of -> This is INCORRECT since here
here its said fossils resemble the fish and land animal. But actually the creature does,Not its fossil.hence ELIMINATE

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Re: SC: Fossils [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 10:41
jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
I need some help determining why E is not correct. Can we get a expert to elaborate?


the fossils of a large scaly creature resemble both a fish and a land-animal and provide evidence of

= the fossils of X and provide evidence of...
( "and" is not required here)..
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Re: SC: Fossils [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 12:05
As someone above posted, the problem with E is the faulty comparison between the fossils and fish and land-based creatures. The fossils don't resemble a fish or a land animal...they are feakin fossils! The fossils resembles the fossils of fish and land-based creatures, though.
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Re: Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2015, 23:34
This original sentence is correct as written. The word "fossils" is correctly placed as the subject of the opening modifier "hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution." Also, the plural noun "fossils" agrees with the plural verb "provide."

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) In this choice, "a large scaly creature" is incorrectly placed as the subject of the opening modifier "hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution." The fossils of the creature – not the creature itself – were discovered. Moreover, the phrase "a large scaly creature . . . provides fossils that are a possible link" distorts the meaning of the sentence by nonsensically suggesting that the creature "provides" its fossils; in fact the fossils were simply discovered by scientists.

(C) In this choice, "a large scaly creature" is incorrectly placed as the subject of the opening modifier "hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution." The fossils of the creature – not the creature itself – were discovered.

(D) This choice correctly places the word "fossils" as the subject of the opening modifier "hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution." However, this choice incorrectly employs the singular verb "provides," which does not agree with the plural noun "fossils."

(E) This choice subtly changes the meaning of the original sentence. The use of the word "and" in the phrase "the fossils resemble . . . and provide" creates two distinct points: first, that the fossils resemble x, and, second, that the fossils provide y. In contrast, in the original phrase "the fossils of a large scaly creature resembling both a fish and a land-animal provide evidence of . . .," the focus is clearly on how the fossils provide evidence. The modifying phrase "resembling both a fish and a land-animal" demonstrates how the fossils provide that evidence – it is not intended as a separate, unrelated point.
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Re: Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2016, 13:19
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Re: Hailed as a key discovery in the science of evolution, the   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2016, 13:19
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