Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 25 Oct 2014, 10:47

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 107
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Strategy
GMAT Date: 07-30-2012
GPA: 2.66
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 120 [0], given: 116

Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2012, 12:57
Physicians have disagreed for years about whether they should be involved in capital punishment of convicted criminals. Some physicians vigorously support participation, often arguing that organs should first be removed for transplantation. One frequent objection to capital punishment is that sometimes techniques don‘t work the first time, resulting in lingering, painful deaths. If physicians would guarantee that a patient would not die in such a way, they would gain the trust of some patients.
For any kind of killing, some physicians favour the creation of ―designated killer‖ technicians. This would free physicians from the taint of killing, keeping their image pure and their hands clean. But is this workable? Insofar as the designated killers are mere technicians, what prevents them from abusing their role? Wouldn‘t it be better for physicians, torn between saving life and honouring patients‘ wishes, to be reluctant killers? Wouldn‘t physicians know best what to do if something went wrong?
Many physicians paradoxically endorse mercy killing but refuse to do it themselves. Nor do they think other physicians should kill. Physicians who support mercy killing but who don‘t want physicians to kill commonly emphasize the importance of maintaining the role of the physician as a healer and preserver of life. One poll of American physicians showed 60 percent favouring euthanasia but less than half would perform it themselves. To such physicians, taking life radically conflicts with the symbolic image of physicians. Such conflict, they say, destroys trust in physicians.

Discussing this problem of designated killers in 1988, New England Journal of Medicine editor Marcia Angell called the idea ―an unsavoury prospect.‖ She suggested that mercy killing may one day be the end point of a continuum of good patient care. She asks how any physician can excuse himself from this most basic notion? Dr. Angell concluded, ―Perhaps, also, those who favour legalizing euthanasia but would not perform it should rethink their position.‖
Dr. Angell implies that it is hypocritical to favour mercy killing but would be unwilling to perform it. Is this true? There are at least two schools of thought. Some thinkers believe that if one favours, say, meat-eating, one should be willing to kill and prepare animals for eating oneself. Others conclude differently, seeing no reason why each person who favours a position must be willing to implement it.

Must you be willing to kill a serial murderer to favour capital punishment? Critics say one must. Being face-to-face with one‘s victims creates basic moral qualms and such moral restraints are important to respect. In Stanley Milgram‘s studies on obedience, naive subjects under an experimenter‘s control were dramatically less willing to inflict injury as the victims became closer to subjects under study. In contrast, as the consequences of actions became more remote, such as by pressing a switch which released a bomb on an unseen, unknown populace, it became easier to inflict injury

3. According not necessarily to the author, but to those in favour of euthanasia specifically, what is a potentially negative aspect of the use of ―designated killers?‖
A. They would disrupt the continuum of patient care provided by a physician.
B. They might release physicians from an association with death.
C. Their use might prevent lingering, painful deaths.
D. The prescription of euthanasia may become more prevalent as physicians are removed from the act itself.
E. They might not be as qualified as the actual doctors
_________________

Please press Kudos if you found this post helpful

Kaplan GMAT Prep Discount CodesKnewton GMAT Discount CodesManhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 73
Location: United States
Schools: UCSD (Rady) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.7
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 194

Kudos [?]: 90 [1] , given: 3

Re: Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2012, 10:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
This is a "specific detail" question - first, search for the relevant section of the reading, then use the information there to answer the question.

3. According not necessarily to the author, but to those in favour of euthanasia specifically,

Who are we talking about here? Oh, probably Marcia Angell. Is she in favour of euthanasia? Possibly, since it sounds like she's trying to work through the problems created.

...what is a potentially negative aspect of the use of "designated killers?"

"She suggested that mercy killing may one day be the end point of a continuum of good patient care." This is echoed in answer choice (A).
_________________

Ryan Jacobs | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile

Re: Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2012, 10:18
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
14 Experts publish their posts in the topic I am struggling with RC a lot. Right from timing to soniedarshan 9 08 Feb 2013, 01:18
Experts publish their posts in the topic Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q LISTS maybeam 4 05 Jul 2012, 13:21
How does the hardest 800score RC compare to the real GMAT? jeffm 1 15 Oct 2009, 04:45
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic 700 (Q49, V35) - RC killed me! mymba99 22 14 Jun 2008, 18:06
You can get a lot of text on commonly used topics for RC maaverick 0 22 Mar 2005, 06:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Hardest of the 700 lot RC Q

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.