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Hardin argued that grazing land held in common (that is,

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Manager
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Hardin argued that grazing land held in common (that is, [#permalink]  11 Oct 2006, 09:12
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Hardin argued that grazing land held in common (that is, open to any user) would always be used less carefully than private grazing land. Each rancher would be tempted to overuse common land because the benefits would accrue to the individual, while the costs of reduced land quality that results from overuse would be spread among all users. But a study comparing 217 million acres of common grazing land with 433 million acres of private grazing land showed that the common land was in better condition

Which of the following, if true, and known by the ranchers, would best help explain the results of the study?
(A) With private grazing land, both the costs and the benefits of overuse fall to the individual user.
(B) The cost in reduced land quality that is attributable to any individual user is less easily measured with common land than it is with private land.
(C) An individual who overuses common grazing land might be able to achieve higher returns than other users can, with the result that he or she would obtain a competitive advantage.
(D) If one user of common land overuses it even slightly, the other users are likely to do so even more, with the consequence that the costs to each user outweigh the benefits.
(E) There are more acres of grazing land held privately than there are held in common.
Director
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More usage and less cost for users in common land. i.e cost effective
So D is my answer. That'swhy common land is in good condition.
Manager
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Yes (D) it is.Since the Ranchers knew that if one overuses then it could affect all hence each rancher used the comman land sparingly which gave results like "a study comparing 217 million acres of common grazing land with 433 million acres of private grazing land showed that the common land was in better condition "
Director
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Agree with D.
VP
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D 2
Senior Manager
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On more for D. The others support the first argument (that public land will be overused) and not the final analysis
SVP
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I am tempted to say clear D
Director
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Must be D.

Rancher thinking: "Hey, Why shouldn't I let all my cattle graze on the commonland. Oh, wait a minute, if I do that, my neighbors will start doing the same and pretty soon the common land will be bare and I will have to graze all my cattle on my own land. hmmm... maybe that's not such a good idea!"

VP
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D it is. It cleaqrly explains why the farmers will not over-use the common land.
Current Student
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Why would the ranchers want to "bite the hand that feeds them?"
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