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# Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's

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Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's [#permalink]  13 Jul 2011, 13:47
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30% (01:18) correct 69% (01:13) wrong based on 0 sessions
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War. Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper's bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and
arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  13 Jul 2011, 14:59
agdimple333 wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War. Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i think we need past tense here instead of having
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i am not sure about use of being here. also use of 'because' would have been better than 'inspite of '
(C) Because there had been a sniper's bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and
arm - use of past perfect is not right here.
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - again use of 'being' and also 'the right hand and arm'... probably 'his' would have helped.. or something like 'the right hand and arm of horace pippin'... but the entire clause is without 'his'
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - this one is atleast grammatically correct. and is better among all choices, though not best

Good points.

Another way to look at answer (E)--to make yourself feel more comfortable about choosing (E) would be to flip the sentence like so:

"His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin worked by holding the brush..."

to

"Horace Pippin, his right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War, worked by holding the brush...."
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  14 Jul 2011, 10:33
agdimple333 wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War. Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i think we need past tense here instead of having
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i am not sure about use of being here. also use of 'because' would have been better than 'inspite of '
(C) Because there had been a sniper's bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and
arm - use of past perfect is not right here.
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - again use of 'being' and also 'the right hand and arm'... probably 'his' would have helped.. or something like 'the right hand and arm of horace pippin'... but the entire clause is without 'his'
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - this one is atleast grammatically correct. and is better among all choices, though not best

Isn't "in spite of" and "because" have different meanings? As far as I understand, because is used in cause and effect relationship and "in spite of" is really "even though". In this case since he already has his right hand injured. Now saying, "He held brush in right hand because he had his right hand injured.." just doesn't sound right.Rather "He held brush in the left hand because he had his right hand injured.." would have been much better. Or "Even though his right hand was injured, he held the brush in right hand guiding the movements from the left" would be correct.

Being is not always wrong if the sentence makes sense. E looks OK but I am not sure if without "even though" or "inspite of", it carries the same meaning.

I
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  14 Jul 2011, 12:35
E looks concise but what is wrong with "in spite of"in B
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  23 Jul 2011, 17:54
hellishbrain wrote:
E looks concise but what is wrong with "in spite of"in B

Actually it is a very simple IDIOM error :
B has the skeleton :
IN SPITE OF [X], [Y]
[X] needs to be parallel to [Y]
his - Horace Pippin
being crippled - worked --->there is an error in parallelism here --- It should be crippled - worked
by... - by....

So the correct form of B would be -
In spite of his right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
[NO BEING]

Now coming to E - it is a modifier.
GMATPill's explanations makes perfect sense and are correct.

For all the MGMAT-SC fans, go to MGMAT-SC - page 237 - Absolute Phrases - It is not an application of this principle. But is shows that you can put (pronoun modifier) before the noun.
That is where I was bumped. I thought this form is incorrect.

To be HONEST - I went with B initially and later realized, E is the correct answer.
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  15 Sep 2011, 16:05
I picked E...I was very tempted to pick A until I saw the period before "Horace Pippin"
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  16 Sep 2011, 10:28
Baten80 wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War. Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper's bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and
arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War

+1 for E, after realizing that the period after "war" should be a comma -__-
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Re: Modifer [#permalink]  16 Sep 2011, 22:23
I went with B.

E seems to be a better choice now.
Re: Modifer   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2011, 22:23
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