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Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s

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Re: sc 1000 . 330 [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2012, 08:32
Ayrish wrote:
Again sc 1000
my answer is A, but OA E. I cann't realise why. Can u help me?

330. Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War



good question. it is worth to have some attention. the intended meaning is clear in E. C distorted the meaning. being is unnecessarily used in A and D.
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Re: sc 1000 . 330 [#permalink] New post 29 May 2013, 17:06
Between C and E, E is clear winner..
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Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2013, 23:11
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

in another forum i have read below as a reason to eliminate option A

(A) "Having" is the wrong tense - the sentence should be in past tense. "being" is used incorrectly

So it means that we cant use having as a modifier when the sentence is in past tense? Can i infer like that?
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Last edited by Narenn on 21 Jul 2013, 06:55, edited 3 times in total.
Merged in similar topic. Pls search the forum before posting a new question
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Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2013, 23:45
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. "being crippled" is incorrect, because "crippled by a sniper's bullet" modifies "hand and arm" ==> Verb+ed is correct, not "being Verb+ed".
I don't think "having" is a problem here. For example: having a car towed yesterday, Harry comes to school late today.

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
Wrong. "that" seems to modify "first world war". In addition, the structure is very awkward "there had been.....that crippled.....".

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Correct. "his" refers to Horace Pippin, "crippled" modifies "hand and arm".

Hope it helps.
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Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 20 Jul 2013, 23:48
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skamal7 wrote:
in another forum i have read below as a reason to eliminate option A

(A) "Having" is the wrong tense - the sentence should be in past tense. "being" is used incorrectly

So it means that we cant use having as a modifier when the sentence is in past tense? Can i infer like that?


Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

If you use an -ing modifier, you are saying that the ING verb expresses an action that happens at the same time as the action expresses by the main verb. There cannot be a time gap between the two actions: "Having the right hand (...)" and "worked" do not express contemporaneous actions.

This is not what happens in this sentence, so we can eliminate each option that uses such construct.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War


C is out because the "that" modifier cannot jump to "bullet" (its correct reference).
E uses an absolute phrase to modify the whole idea of the clause: it provides info about how Horace worked.

I am not sure that you can infer that much.
I would say that you can use -ing modifiers of this form even in "past sentences" as long as the two actions (the main verb and the ing) are contemporary.
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Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2013, 00:40
zarollu,
The reason that you mentioned for eliminating C -that cannot modify bullet. I have seen in few OG question where the noun +preposition +that xxx .In this sort of construction eventhough prepostion is between the noun(bullet)can modify that clause
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Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2013, 00:57
skamal7 wrote:
zarollu,
The reason that you mentioned for eliminating C -that cannot modify bullet. I have seen in few OG question where the noun +preposition +that xxx .In this sort of construction eventhough prepostion is between the noun(bullet)can modify that clause


That construct appears in only one OG sentence, and it's from a diagnostic test (I cannot find it right now).

But keep an eye on the structure. What you say is correct BUT this is not the case:

"the bullet of silver that killed the vampire" is legit because "of silver" modifies the bullet creating a noun-phrase.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War; here "during the First World War" does not modify a bullet (but rather modifies the action, specifying the time when the bullet was in his leg). So here "that" cannot jump over this.

Hope the difference is clear
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Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2013, 05:16
Hi,

I presume the intended meaning of the sentence is reflected in option B only..."inspite of a disability(if you can call so), the person carried on with a particular job"



Regards

Argha
Re: Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2013, 05:16
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