he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt

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he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 07:32
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The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like methane, ammonia, and water.

A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of

E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by guerrero25 on 25 Jan 2014, 04:56, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 07:55
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Though I don't like this question, let's see which option is best among the lot. Highlighted in blue are proper comparisons and in red are wrong comparisons

Edit: Indeed a good question for all its subtlety !!

The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like methane, ammonia, and water.

A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like
Other than like, everything else seems perfect. Eliminate.
The major issue with A --> The construction wrongly contrasts Kupier belt/asteroid belt with asteroids/kupier belt objects.
Wrong option

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
all comparisons are clear cut, and examples are listed using such as. whereas ... is the independent clause (nesting) and but is the co-ordinating conjunction. What I don't like about this option is the usage of "," before such as. Right Answer.

Addnl. info :: The 'but' contrast (in A) is broken here, with the contrast being brought to the fore by whereas. But just joins the independent clauses.

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like
Kupier belt obects are wrongly compared to the asteroids (rocky is describing asteroids). Eliminate. Ambiguous pronoun

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of
asteroid rock is compared to Kupier belt. The comparison is between asteroid belt and Kupier belt. Eliminate

E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
asteroid is compared to Kupier belt. The comparison is between asteroid belt and Kupier belt. Eliminate

Post edited : B seems perfectly fine. Overlooked nesting in B, and some issues in A. So changing my answer to B (from A)
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What are modifiers ??

Last edited by sivasanjeev on 25 Jan 2014, 20:29, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 14:24
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guerrero25 wrote:
The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like methane, ammonia, and water.

A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of

E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as

OA to follow

B is best of all

Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as methane, ammonia, and water
IMO - The construction is as under : IC + Comma + But (FANBOYS) + IC (DC + comma + IC)
“But” is used to connect 2 IC i.e. IC 1 (Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, (modifier) remnants of the Solar System's formation,) + IC 2 which is actually a DC + Comma + IC (DC: whereas asteroids are made of rock + comma + IC: Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as methane, ammonia, and water)

OA? Source?
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 15:04
I think the answer is C....
Great question!
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2014, 01:48
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IMO B

Here we are comparing asteroid belt and Kuiper belt and giving a contrast in the second clause.

Below is my reasoning:

The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like methane, ammonia, and water.

A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like ---Incorrect usage of 'like' in 2nd clause to show examples and contrast suggested by 'but' in 2nd clause is illustrated using 'just as' ,making no sense.

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as. Correct usage of compare using 'like' and contrast using 'whereas' and also correct usage of 'such as' to show examples.

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like. Incorrect usage of 'like' to show examples in 2nd clause. 'Like' used incorrectly in 1st clause, changing the meaning of the sentence.

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of
Incorrect. many errors. 'having' usage with no clear referent, changing of meaning too.
E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as. Incorrect. Change of meaning in 1st clause using 'unlike' to show contrast. 'which' has no clear referent- ambiguous indeed.

Really good question. Please post OA along with OE.
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2014, 06:49
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Quote:
Though I don't like this question, let's see which option is best among the lot. Highlighted in blue are proper comparisons and in red are wrong comparisons

The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like methane, ammonia, and water.

A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like
Other than like, everything else seems perfect. Eliminate.

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
all comparisons are clear cut, and examples are listed using such as. whereas ... is the independent clause (nesting) and but is the co-ordinating conjunction. What I don't like about this option is the usage of "," before such as. Right Answer.

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like
Kupier belt obects are wrongly compared to the asteroids (rocky is describing asteroids). Eliminate. Ambiguous pronoun

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of
asteroid rock is compared to Kupier belt. The comparison is between asteroid belt and Kupier belt. Eliminate

E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
asteroid is compared to Kupier belt. The comparison is between asteroid belt and Kupier belt. Eliminate

Post edited : B seems perfectly fine. Overlooked nesting in B, and some issues in A. So changing my answer to A (from B)

as you pointed out before B was wrong because the usage of but and whereas at the same time. This is not , in a more general way, wrong Bacuse here the usage of but is to join to sentence and whereas to show contrast with the first part of the same.

Is still true that both are used to show contrast: but is more common and whereas is more formal. But here is not wrong and doesn't change the meaning

This is an interesting construction not quite common in its usage.

The problem in A (aside the "like") is the construction

In A we have

Tha kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt..........but the asteroid.....as the kupier belt.

We should have to maintain a coherent logic: kupier - asteroid - kupier - asteroid and NOT kupier - asteroid - asteroid - kupier which is which ??

Instead in B we have this and Kupier belt is the critical point of the sentence.

ONLY on this you can tackle the question, indeed really good. Then if you add to this like/such as to show an example, yet you still be able to attack the question faster.

Hope this helps
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2014, 20:26
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Absolutely true carcass. Edited my post likewise and indeed a good question !!

A similar question from OG/Gmat prep

Mauritius was a British colony for almost 200 years, excepting for the domains of administration and teaching, the English language was never really spoken on the island.

A. excepting for
B. except in
C. but except in
D. but excepting for
E. with the exception of

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

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What are modifiers ??

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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2014, 01:13
Option B looks like the best option, but can someone verify if the use of "but whereas" is right? It just doesn't seem right. Option B looks good, as the rest are wrong.
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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2015, 06:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 19:12
Hello, mikemcgarry!

I ran into this question while I was solving magoosh problem sets. I also have the same question as above, jegan2388. Could you please explain how "but whereas" works? I thought "but whereas" counts for redundancy.

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Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2017, 02:49
A)The Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt, consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but the asteroids are made of rock just as the Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

B)Like the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, but whereas asteroids are made of rock, Kuiper belt objects are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as correct

c)The Kuiper belt is like the asteroid belt, which consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, and Kuiper belt objects are not like the rocky asteroids, because they are composed of "frozen volatiles," like

D)The Kuiper belt consists of small bodies like the asteroid belt, having remnants of the Solar System's formation, but unlike asteroid rock, it has bodies made of

E)Unlike the asteroid composed of rock, the Kuiper belt consists of small bodies, remnants of the Solar System's formation, which are composed of "frozen volatiles," such as
Re: he Kuiper belt, like the asteroid belt   [#permalink] 13 Jan 2017, 02:49
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