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# Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action,

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Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2004, 15:48
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Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 01:39
1
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Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 06:20
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A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. ---- Especially if it--- What does - it - denote? Commitment or action? Ambiguity –Antecedent and meaning of second - it - is also suspect. What does it likely make to miss signs?

B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear. ---- How to make missing signs – really funny.

C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past. --- The choice first says – signs and they – a plural noun and pronoun and in the next breath calls it in the singular- it -

D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear. ---Executives’ being – rather awkward; No proper antecedent for them; first them must refer to executives, which is not there and the second – them- by logic should refer to the signs. A pronoun having two referents is ungrammatical

E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. __- being as part of a subject phrase is acceptable since we cannot form the subject without the being. Being is taboo, only when it is superfluous and dispensable.

E is the king.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 06:55
anish123ster wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2013, 13:29
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marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

HI,...this is really a good one,
i will share how i approached this one.
normally i used to do i used to keep aside the options having being assuming that 90% of times they are wrong (dont take it as a fact ,its just my experience),but never completely avoid those but if yu find no error in any of the other option you can neglect the option having "being"
so lets start now.

MEANING:
When a executive is heavily commited to a course of action
this action has worked well in the past
then in this situation EXECUTIVE is likely to miss...A and B.

SOME THEORY TO MUG UP:
whenever a phrase acts as a subject of a clause then it can be singular or plural, and to identify this just ask WHETHER I CAN DO THIS?
If ANSWER comes YES then VERB is SINGULAR.
If ANSWER comes NO then VERB is PLURAL.
now lets try on some example.
EXAMPLE
Growing children need extra energy.
(Ask can i grow children ===>NO hence plural verb "need".

Planting trees is a good idea.
(Ask can i plant trees =====> YES Hence Singular verb "is".

Stunning shots were played.
(ask can i stun shots====>NO hence plural verb "were".
Having good friends is a wonderful thing.
(ask can i have good friends====>YES hence singular verb "is".

Now come to the options:

A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.( As per the meaning executives is likely to miss ...but here "it" is likely to miss....which can refer to an executive hence INCORRECT.)
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.(Here again the meaning is changed as it is saying that executive makes missing siggn....which is wrong plus the structure is awkward hence INCORRECT.)
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.(In this there is a modifier error===>especially if it has worked well in the past ====> this is supposed to modify " action" and ACTION is a noun so modifier should touch the modifying noung,hence INCORRECT)
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.(In this "Them " as per the meaning is refering to executives but it is in the possesive case "executives' hence this wrong. plus there is a parallelism error too hence INCORRECT.)
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.(correct )

hope it helps

SKM
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2013, 23:11
This is a great (and rare) case of 'being' used correctly in a GMAT sentence. It can happen...

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2013, 23:47
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

(A) Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
(B) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
(C) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
(D) Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
(E) Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2013, 11:55
A question where Being is in the correct option :-O
Had to get it wrong ...
But i think i should stick to the plan of not considering B in the options as the exam is just 10 days away!!!
Nice question though!!
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 09:27
marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 09:34
docdrizzeally wrote:
marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge

hi mr. doc...
sorry to say but this is an official question...and OA is E.
so if you already taken your GMAT and finished your goal...then just leave ..and if you are preparing for GMAT...just find out where you are wrong..
regards
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 09:42
docdrizzeally wrote:

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge

59 in QA ... :O
never seen someone with this score ...
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 07:02
Hi all,

if we go through answer choices, we can drill down to choice E, which seams to be the best one to me:

A) Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear - examine "makes it likely", where it does not have an antecedent. "it" should have a noun/pronoun antecedent, except when "it" is used as Placeholder, such as "it was raining outside"

B) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear - "makes missing signs" is not a correct form to express what the author meant.

C) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past - examine "if it has worked" part; here, pronoun "it" could refer to either course of action or to incipient trouble. since "it" does not have clear antecedent, we rule out this choice.

D) Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear - look at the phrase "if it has worked"; as in answer choice A, "it" here does not have a noun/pronoun antecedent to refer to. so we rule out this option too.

E) Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. - in this correct answer choice "especially one that has worked well in the past" clearly refers to a course of action and this modifier is correctly placed next to the course of action; "miss signs of incipient trouble" correctly conveys what the author meant; and in the last part of the sentence "misinterpret them when they do appear" - them and they both clearly refer to "signs", because these pronouns are plural and only "signs" are plural in the sentence, so "them/they" can not refer to anything else, such as "course of action", "executive" or "incipient trouble".
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 09:08
vasild wrote:
Ritesh, I actually believe that "Being heavily committed to a course of action" in E serves as a noun phrase and as a subject, not as a modifier.

(The state of) being heavily comitted is likely to cause ...

Yes - that's the way to think about the usage of "being" - add the words "the state of" or "the act of" in front of it and see if it makes sense.

This is a good example of when the usage of the word "being" is actually used in the correct answer of a GMAT question. Most of the time, we call it a "red flag" word - it's not necessarily wrong, but you should look elsewhere first.

But this question fits the rare situation that would allow the usage of "being" to be correct.

You can see more details about "being" as a red flag word - and specific situations in which it is actually correct by looking at this PDF: http://www.gmatpill.com/ebook/GMATPill- ... atclub.pdf

Also, we've posted a video explanation for this question here (click show answer): http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/2177
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 22:24
I myself not favor rejection of 'being' just like that.

BEING is VERBING of the verb BE.

My query pertains to FACT that although option (C). as unclear pronoun antecedent for "IT", I found (E). not interesting either because 'BEING' is an INITIAL MODIFIER and should modify the following subject , but the sentence doesn't have a following subject.

Being heavily committed to a course of action,is likely to make an

Who is BEING HEAVILY COMMITTED ???

I know we have to take best option in SC. However, a discussion will enhance our knowledge and what GMAC thinks

Rgds,
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 22:37
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 07:36
TGC wrote:
I myself not favor rejection of 'being' just like that.

BEING is VERBING of the verb BE.

My query pertains to FACT that although option (C). as unclear pronoun antecedent for "IT", I found (E). not interesting either because 'BEING' is an INITIAL MODIFIER and should modify the following subject , but the sentence doesn't have a following subject.

Being heavily committed to a course of action,is likely to make an

Who is BEING HEAVILY COMMITTED ???

I know we have to take best option in SC. However, a discussion will enhance our knowledge and what GMAC thinks

Rgds,
TGC!

You have to be careful with present participles (-ing verb forms). Present participles are verbs when they have a helping verb, modifiers, or nouns (gerunds). In choice E, 'Being heavily committed' is a noun phrase led by the gerund 'Being'. That noun phrase is the subject of the sentence, not a leading modifier.

KW

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 08:53
HarishLearner wrote:
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.

There is an apostrophe on Executives' in answer choice D. 'Being heavily committed to a course of action' is a noun phrase and it is the executives who are heavily committed so we use the possessive form of executives - 'Executive's being heavily committed'. This is probably more easily seen if we use a simpler construction - "Executives' heavy commitment". The 'heavy commitment' is the noun and executives needs the possessive.

The real problem with D is the antecedent shift with "them". The first "them" refers back to executives but the second "them" refers to signs. You can't shift antecedents with pronouns in the same sentence.

KW
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 20:23
KyleWiddison wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.

There is an apostrophe on Executives' in answer choice D. 'Being heavily committed to a course of action' is a noun phrase and it is the executives who are heavily committed so we use the possessive form of executives - 'Executive's being heavily committed'. This is probably more easily seen if we use a simpler construction - "Executives' heavy commitment". The 'heavy commitment' is the noun and executives needs the possessive.

The real problem with D is the antecedent shift with "them". The first "them" refers back to executives but the second "them" refers to signs. You can't shift antecedents with pronouns in the same sentence.

KW

Thanks a lot for pointing out the error in D.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2013, 10:50
Great question Marine!

This really tests your knowledge of the use of "Being" and the few times it is actually correct. When Being is used as a verb it will almost always be rejected as "redundant" by the GMAT, however I believe in this sentence Being is used as a gerund in which case it works, and is the best option for the sentence. Answer E, although this is definitely tough.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 08:57
marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

A bunch of pronouns we need to focus on here:

Between B and E:

B) "misinterpreting" should be "misinterprets" because it refers to "an excecutive". "Ones likely when they do appear" is ambiguous, what does ones refer to? signs? It might refer to signs, but it is vague.

E) Being heavily committed....(inessential clause)... is likely to make an executive" this makes perfect sense.. "miss signs or misinterpret THEM", them refers to signs, "when THEY do appear" also refers to signs. "being committed..makes an executive..miss signs... or misinterpret them"... Those are the only important parts of the text. E is correct
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2014, 11:06
beside "being" and the parallelism of "misinterpreting" and "miss", what else is wrong with D
Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action,   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2014, 11:06

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