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Historian: Alexander the Great should not be judged by [#permalink]
10 May 2005, 16:00
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6. Historian: Alexander the Great should not be judged by appeal to current notions of justice. Alexander, an ancient figure of heroic stature, should be judged by the standards of his own culture. That is, did he live up to his cultureâ€™s ideals of leadership? Did Alexander elevate the contemporary standards of justice? Was he, in his day, judged to be a just and wise ruler?
Student: But you cannot tell whether or not Alexander raised the contemporary standards of justice without invoking standards other than those of his own culture.
Which one of the following argumentative strategies does the student use in responding to the historian?
(A) arguing that applying the historianâ€™s principle would require a knowledge of the past that is necessarily inaccessible to current scholarship
(B) attempting to undermine the historianâ€™s principle by showing that some of its consequences are inconsistent with each other
(C) showing that the principle the historian invokes, when applied to Alexander, does not justify the assertion that he was heroic
(D) questioning the historianâ€™s motivation for determining whether a standard of behavior has been raised or lowered
(E) claiming that one of the historianâ€™s criteria for judging Alexander is inconsistent with the principle that the historian has advanced