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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted [#permalink] New post 27 Jan 2008, 01:56
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A
B
C
D
E

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian
tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first supplies a context for the historian’s argument; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against the position the historian seeks to establish.
B. The first presents evidence to support the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.
C. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is that position.
D. The first is a position for which the historian argues; the second is an assumption that serves as the basis of that argument.
E. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in arguing for a certain position; the second acknowledges a consideration that calls that assumption into question.


please, provide explanations

Last edited by marcodonzelli on 28 Jan 2008, 21:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: cr-boldface [#permalink] New post 28 Jan 2008, 12:02
"the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles"

Did you fget to mark the boldfaces ? :)
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Re: cr-boldface [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2008, 00:52
Conclusion of the argument: Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.
Role Boldface 1: Provides the argument that historian supports
Role of Boldface 2: Is the conclusion

A. The first supplies a context for the historian’s argument; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against the position the historian seeks to establish. (Second is actual argument conclusion – Eliminate it)

B. The first presents evidence to support the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against that position. (Second is actual conclusion – eliminate it)

C. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is that position. ( Hold it)

D. The first is a position for which the historian argues; the second is an assumption that serves as the basis of that argument. (Second bold face is not assumption – Eliminate it)

E. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in arguing for a certain position; the second acknowledges a consideration that calls that assumption into question. (Second is the conclusion – eliminate it)

Answer: C
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Re: cr-boldface [#permalink] New post 29 Jan 2008, 04:21
the conclusion here is that although the census data is complete, its inaccurate (regarding the population decline)

marcodonzelli wrote:
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian
tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first supplies a context for the historian’s argument; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against the position the historian seeks to establish.the first supplies the context yes, but the second doesn't argue against the position of the historian. infact, the second is the historians position (conclusion)
B. The first presents evidence to support the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against that position. the first doesn't provide support for the conclusion, its a mere factual piece of data that is neutral.
C. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is that position. correct, the year and the the completeness are facts that provide context(some background) to the argument. the second is indeed the position of the historian
D. The first is a position for which the historian argues; the second is an assumption that serves as the basis of that argument. wrong on both counts.
E. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in arguing for a certain position; the second acknowledges a consideration that calls that assumption into question. the first isn't an assumption, its factual data.


please, provide explanations
Re: cr-boldface   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2008, 04:21
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