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Historian: Newton developed mathematical concepts and

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Historian: Newton developed mathematical concepts and [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 07:25
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

36% (03:25) correct 64% (01:41) wrong based on 15 sessions
Historian: Newton developed mathematical concepts and techniques that are fundamental to modern calculus. Leibniz developed closely analogous concepts and techniques. It has traditionally been thought that these discoveries were independent. Researchers have, however, recently discovered notes of Leibniz’ that discuss one of Newton’s books on mathematics. Several scholars have argued that since the book includes a presentation of Newton’s calculus concepts and techniques, and since the notes were written before Leibniz’ own development of calculus concepts and techniques, it is virtually certain that the traditional view is false. A more cautious conclusion than this is called for, however. Leibniz’ notes are limited to early sections of Newton’s book, sections that precede the ones in which Newton’s calculus concepts and techniques are presented.

In the historian’s reasoning, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first provides evidence in support of the overall position that the historian defends; the second is evidence that has been used to support an opposing position.

B. The first provides evidence in support of the overall position that the historian defends; the second is that position.

C. The first provides evidence in support of an intermediate conclusion that is drawn to provide support for the overall position that the historian defends; the second provides evidence against that intermediate conclusion.

D. The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion that the historian criticizes; the second is evidence offered in support of the historian’s own position.

E. The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion that the historian criticizes; the second is further information that substantiates that evidence.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 08:13
D.

the first boldface section is used by the historian as evidence of why OTHER scholars claim that Liebniz did NOT invent his theories independent of Newton. however, the historian offers the second boldface section to show how taking the view of those other scholars is not necessarily wise.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 08:45
C.

The first boldface portion is in support of the intermediate conclusion "it is virtually certain that the traditional view is false".

The second boldae portion provides evidence against this intermediate conclusion.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 09:19
scthakur wrote:
C.

The first boldface portion is in support of the intermediate conclusion "it is virtually certain that the traditional view is false".

The second boldae portion provides evidence against this intermediate conclusion.


I chose C but C is not OA.

OA is D
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 13:45
I think C is wrong because "it is virtually certain that the traditional view is false" is not the overall position that author supports.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 17:34
I personally found these types of CR questions difficult - I think it's because they are relatively rare. I wish we had more of those here.

I think the answer is D.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 20:59
I agree that below bolded part is not overall position but conclusion that is drawn by historians.
C. The first provides evidence in support of an intermediate conclusion that is drawn to provide support for the overall position that the historian defends; the second provides evidence against that intermediate conclusion.

D is far better choice but I am not clear about the rubric part below. Is historian criticizing the conclusion "it is virtually certain that the traditional view is false" or just stating her conclusion? Actually I have found that both "defend" and "criticize" are awkward in answer choices.

D. The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion that the historian criticizes; the second is evidence offered in support of the historian’s own position.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2009, 21:40
D for me
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2009, 17:57
D) really good one,
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2009, 21:26
agree.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2009, 03:16
D for me too.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 06:12
Is this considered a hard,mid or easy CR question?
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2009, 10:14
agree to D.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2009, 11:31
I think its D......The use of however after th first boldface shows that this conclusion is criticized....And an opposing evidence is given another conclusion.....
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2009, 21:18
Nice One.
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2011, 05:01
yes it is D
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Re: CR - Newton (bold face) [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2011, 11:59
nice one and D only.
Re: CR - Newton (bold face)   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2011, 11:59
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