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# How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane

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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2011, 14:43
I picked C but I understand why D is correct...tricky one.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2011, 02:23
C has very strong language, D is relatively balanced, so D.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2011, 08:28
The auther argues "the airlines should rethink their training approach" that increases the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizes communication skills in the cockpit, yet does nothing (or least) about compensating for pilots’ lack of actual flying time.

Airlines may circumvent this arguement by saying that "we will increase actual flying time in our training programs". In other words, C is a reaction against this argument the Airline may take.

We are looking for an ASSUMPTION not a possible reaction.

The auther believes that the current training is useless because "lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes."
So, no "actual flying time" but classroom and cockpit training, Pooooooooo.

=> D
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 00:17
Happy to get D
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2011, 02:05
OA is D. This the answer from Ron expert

this is a good use of the reversal method for (d).

the problem with (c) is that it implies that increasing the flying hours, all by itself, WILL decrease the number of crashes.
this definitely isn't necessary to the argument (which strongly suggests that a decrease in crashes will come from a combination of extra flying hours + other mentioned factors, such as "classroom instruction" and "emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit").
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 11:52
none is closer then D
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2012, 08:21
Clear D. C is close but is not necessary to the conclusion of the argument.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2012, 07:55
+1 D...
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2012, 18:01
+1 D
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2012, 21:55
I am taking D....
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2012, 09:16
between C n D, C goes too far
IMO d
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 02:36
+1 for D
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 00:28
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 10:07
Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

Argument :
Pilot error -> Commercial crashes.
To reduce Crashes -> Company increased - Training and communication skills training.
Author - Increase flying time.

Possible assumption :
Increase flying time -> Reduce pilot error -> reduce commercial crashes.

Only Option D matches pre thinking.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2015, 01:53
Expert's post
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?
The argument is that increased classroom hours cannot compensate for lack of flying time.

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. The argument says the opposite, that training programs aren't enough. Moreover, training programs are intended to reduce crashes, not pilot error directly (which accounts for two thirds of the crashes).
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. The argument places more emphasis on flying time than training, so this is not relevant either.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. It says that increasing classroom instruction hours will decrease crashes if the pilots have enough actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. If it weren't, increased classroom hours would be sufficient enough to reduce crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. The text states that communication skills in the cockpit can be learned in the training programs.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 00:19
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

A: Out of the argument
B: Irrelevant
C: Close. Actually mentions flying experience as a factor.
D: Bingo. This argument specifically depends on the assumption that lack of experience is the driver of accidents since current training methods don't address it and therefore bring about concern.
E: Irrelevant
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2015, 15:15
Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

I narrowed it down to C and D.

Using the Negation technique gives me this:
(C) The number of airline crashes will NOT decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time
(D) Lack of actual flying time is NOT an important contributor to pilot error in plane crashes.

They both equally weaken the conclusion when negated...
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2015, 14:16
Problem: Pilot error ----> 2/3 of commercial plane crashes
Airlines solution: Improve pilot communication skills through training -----> less pilot error ----> less commercial plane crashes
Author of argument believe: Compensate lack of actual flying time -----> way less pilot error ----> way less commercial plane crashes

So the author think lack of actual flying time contribute more to pilot error than the lack of communication skills. Hence should be the priority if we want to reduce pilot error.

D says just that.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2015, 14:31
C was easy eliminate for me. One really good instructor taught me that any conclusion or inference cannot be the assumption of passage and C is a conclusion by itself because it states that "If pilot training did ____ the number will ____" so it is already concluding and can therefore never be a premise . An assumption has to be a premise.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2016, 12:23
IN this question :-

Premise - How can the airlines expect the crashes to go down,when they are teaching the comm skills,

P2 - The training cannot offset the lack of flying time

Conclusion :- The training is useless

Assumption :- There is a link between the Flying Hours and Crashes

Hence the only one phrasing it is C.
Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2016, 12:23

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