Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.
How long did it take Betty to drive nonstop on a trip from her home to Denver, Colorado?
(1) If Betty's average speed for the trip had been 3/2 times as fast, the trip would have taken 2 hours.
(2) Betty's average speed for the trip was 50 miles per hour.
In the original condition, from vt=d, there are 3 variables(v,t,d) and 1 equation(vt=d), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 2 equations. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make C the answer. When 1) &2), you can easily find out that C is the answer. However, in 1), you can get 2 equations(time and velocity). That is, use vt=d from (3/2)v*2=d and you can get t=3, which is sufficient. Therefore, the answer is A.
For cases where we need 2 more equations, such as original conditions with “2 variables”, or “3 variables and 1 equation”, or “4 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 70% chance that C is the answer, while E has 25% chance. These two are the majority. In case of common mistake type 3,4, the answer may be from A, B or D but there is only 5% chance. Since C is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition (It saves us time). Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, D or E.
MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
Find a 10% off coupon code for GMAT Club members.
“Receive 5 Math Questions & Solutions Daily”
Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself
See our Youtube demo