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How many prime factors does N have?

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How many prime factors does N have? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 00:31
2
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (02:20) correct 45% (01:21) wrong based on 47 sessions
How many prime factors does N have?

(1) N is a factor of 7200
(2) 180 is a factor of N
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: how many prime factors n has? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 00:56
First I chose E because I was of the opinion we need to get the count of the different prime factors and I did not know how many times the prime factors would be repeated. Then reworked to come to the opinion that "C" should be right answer.

Statement 1 : N is a factor of 7200. Could be 360, 180, 24, 3, 2, 5 etc... There could be different combination of prime factors possible.
Statement 2 : 180 is a factor of N. Could be again 180, 360, 1260 etc...There could be different number of prime factors possible.

Statement 1 + Statement 2 = i)N is less than or equal to 7200 and greater than or equal to 180.
ii)In order to satisfy both statements the number "N" when factorized will contain only 3 prime factors - (2^n)*(3^m)*(5^p)
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Last edited by Pansi on 06 Oct 2012, 00:58, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: how many prime factors n has? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 00:56
shivanigs wrote:
Hi,

Request help with the following question.Thanks..

How many prime factors does N have?

1. N is a factor of 7200
2.180 is a factor of N


(1) 7200 has plenty of divisors, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, ...
Not sufficient.

(2) There are many multiples of 180, so N can be 180, 360, 540,..., 7*180,...
Not sufficient.

(1) and (2): We can deduce that 7200 = AN, for some integer A. Also, N = 180B, for some integer B. In conclusion, 7200 = 180AB, from which AB = 40. B must be a factor of 40. The prime factors of 180 are 2, 3, and 5. The prime factors of 40 are 2 and 5. In conclusion, the prime factors of N = 180B are 2, 3 and 5 only.
Sufficient.

Answer C.
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Re: How many prime factors does N have? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 01:17
Wouldn't a real gmat question state that we are looking for the number of distinct prime factors?
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Re: How many prime factors does N have? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 01:27
Zinsch123 wrote:
Wouldn't a real gmat question state that we are looking for the number of distinct prime factors?


On the GMAT yes, I think so. They are quite pedantic, so almost sure, they would explicitly stress "distinct".
But, for example, there is no particular reason to count how many prime factors 32 has. You are either interested in how many (distinct) prime factors a number has, or how many distinct factors it has. I don't think you would count 5 prime factors of 32...
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Re: how many prime factors n has? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2012, 07:21
EvaJager wrote:
shivanigs wrote:
Hi,

Request help with the following question.Thanks..

How many prime factors does N have?

1. N is a factor of 7200
2.180 is a factor of N


(1) 7200 has plenty of divisors, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, ...
Not sufficient.

(2) There are many multiples of 180, so N can be 180, 360, 540,..., 7*180,...
Not sufficient.

(1) and (2): We can deduce that 7200 = AN, for some integer A. Also, N = 180B, for some integer B. In conclusion, 7200 = 180AB, from which AB = 40. B must be a factor of 40. The prime factors of 180 are 2, 3, and 5. The prime factors of 40 are 2 and 5. In conclusion, the prime factors of N = 180B are 2, 3 and 5 only.
Sufficient.

Answer C.



It just occurred to me that I could summarize the the above reasoning for (1) and (2) in the following way:

N is a divisor of 7200, which has prime factors 2, 3, and 5. Therefore, N can have at most three prime divisors: 2, 3, and 5. N must not have all of them.
Since 180 is a factor of N and has prime factors 2, 3, and 5, necessarily N must have at least the same prime factors, and ALL of them.
Therefore, in conclusion, N must have exactly three prime factor: 2, 3, and 5.
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Re: How many prime factors does N have? [#permalink] New post 12 Jan 2014, 13:37
shivanigs wrote:
How many prime factors does N have?

(1) N is a factor of 7200
(2) 180 is a factor of N


Statement 1

Since 7200 has 3, 2 and 5 then N being a factor of this could have a maximum of 3 different prime factors but not sufficient

Statement 2

Since 180 is a factor of N, then N has at least 2,3, and 5 again as prime factors but not enough

Statement 1 and 2

Combining both we get that N must have 3 prime factors

Hence C

Hope it helps
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Re: How many prime factors does N have? [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2014, 22:18
shivanigs wrote:
How many prime factors does N have?

(1) N is a factor of 7200
(2) 180 is a factor of N



Sol: As per St 1, we have 7200/N= I where I is some integer
Factorizing 3600, we get : 7200= (2^5*3^2*5^2)/ I = N
Now if I is 1 then N will have 2,3 and 5 as prime factors
But I =25 then N will have only 2 and 3 as prime factors

Thus at the most N can have 3 prime factors but it can have less as well So A and D ruled out. This statement basically says the number of Prime factors of N will be less than or equal to 3

St2 N= 180 *A where A is some Integer
N= 2^2*3^2*5 *A
Thus N will surely have at 2,3 and 5 as prime factors but Integer A can take any value ie. It can be 6 or some other prime say 11 or multiple of 2 primes say 11 and 13.

So B ruled out. This statement tells us that number of prime factors of N will be greater than or equal to 3.

Combining we get we N has 3 factors only

Ans C
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Re: How many prime factors does N have?   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2014, 22:18
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